Taro is the name of a département of the First French Empire in present Italy. It was named after the Taro river. It was formed in 1808, when the states of Parma and Piacenza were annexed by France. Its capital was Parma. It was divided into the following arrondissements:
It was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. Its territory is presently divided over the Italian provinces Parma and Piacenza. The most notable person born in the Département of Taro was the composer Giuseppe Verdi (born 9 or 10 October 1813 in the village of Le Roncole near Busseto).