Stura

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For the former island and ancient place called Stura, see Torre Astura.
Département de la Stura
Département of the First French Republic and of the First French Empire

1802–1814

Flag of Stura

Flag

Location of Stura
Administrative map of the Italian portion of the French Empire.
Capital Cuneo
44°23′N 7°32′E / 44.383°N 7.533°E / 44.383; 7.533Coordinates: 44°23′N 7°32′E / 44.383°N 7.533°E / 44.383; 7.533
History
 -  Decree of 24 Fructidor, year X[1] 11 September 1802
 -  Treaty of Fontainebleau 11 April 1814
Area
 -  1812[2] 8,572.16 km2 (3,310 sq mi)
Population
 -  1812[2] 431,438 
Density 50.3 /km2  (130.4 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions 5 Arrondissements[2]

Stura was a département of the French Consulate and of the First French Empire in present-day Italy. It was named after the river Stura. It was formed in 1802, when the Subalpine Republic (formerly the mainland portion of the Kingdom of Sardinia) was directly annexed to France. Its capital was Cuneo.

The département was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. At the Congress of Vienna, the Savoyard King of Sardinia was restored in all his previous realms and domains, including Piedmont. Its territory corresponds more or less with that of the present Italian province of Cuneo.

Subdivisions[edit]

The département was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[2]

Its population in 1812 was 431,438, and its area was approximately 857,216 hectares.[2]

The Geographical Dictionary portable 1809 summarized the Department of Stura:

"Climate rough, hilly ground, stony, produces abundant fruit, nuts, mulberry, chestnut woods, pastures, some cattle, many horses, mules excellent, mines gold and silver, marble quarries, gold flakes in the rivers, mineral waters. Its inhabitants are simple, aggressive, small, agile, excellent foot: soft and laboring women. Great trade for Lyon silk, fruit, truffles, fodder, livestock, dairy, marble, limestone, few factories and mills."

List of prefects[edit]

  • 26 August 1802 - 1803 Jean Laurent de Grégory, comte de Marcorengo
  • 24 September 1803 - 1810 Pierre Amédée Vincent Joseph Marie Arborio-Biamino
  • 30 November 1811 - 12 March 1813 Auguste Joseph Baude de La Vieuville
  • 12 March 1813 - March 1813 Antoine Louis Campan
  • 25 March 1813 - 1814 Louis-Honoré-Félix Le Peletier d'Aunay

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Décret du 24 Fructidor". Retrieved 28 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 471-472, accessed in Gallica 31 July 2013 (French)

See also[edit]