Stura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the former island and ancient place called Stura, see Torre Astura.
Département de la Stura
Département of French Revolution and First French Empire

1802–1814
Location of Stura
Administrative map of French Empire in 1812. Stura is south of Turin.
Capital Cuneo
44°23′N 7°32′E / 44.383°N 7.533°E / 44.383; 7.533Coordinates: 44°23′N 7°32′E / 44.383°N 7.533°E / 44.383; 7.533
History
 -  Decree of 24 Fructidor, year X[1] 11 September 1802
 -  Treaty of Fontainebleau 11 April 1814
Area
 -  1812[2] 8,572.16 km2 (3,310 sq mi)
Population
 -  1812[2] 431,438 
Density 50.3 /km2  (130.4 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions 5 Arrondissements[2]

Stura was a département of the First French Empire in present Italy. It was named after the river Stura di Demonte. It was formed in 1802, when Napoleon Bonaparte occupied the mainland states of the Kingdom of Sardinia. Its capital was Cuneo. The département was subdivided into the following arrondissements and cantons (situation in 1812):[2]

Its population in 1812 was 431,438, and its area was approximately 857,216 hectares.[2]

It was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1814. Its territory corresponds more or less with that of the present Italian province of Cuneo. The Treaty of Fontainebleau of April 11, 1814 ended the French possession. The Geographical Dictionary portable 1809 summarized the Department of Stura: Climate rough, hilly ground, stony, produces abundant fruit, nuts, mulberry, chestnut woods, pastures, some cattle, many horses, mules excellent, mines gold and silver, marble quarries, gold flakes in the rivers, mineral waters. Its inhabitants are simple, aggressive, small, agile, excellent foot: soft and laboring women. Great trade for Lyon silk, fruit, truffles, fodder, livestock, dairy, marble, limestone, few factories and mills.

List of prefects[edit]

  • 26 August 1802 - 1803 Jean Laurent de Grégory, comte de Marcorengo
  • 24 September 1803 - 1810 Pierre Amédée Vincent Joseph Marie Arborio-Biamino
  • 30 November 1811 - 12 March 1813 Auguste Joseph Baude de La Vieuville
  • 12 March 1813 - March 1813 Antoine Louis Campan
  • 25 March 1813 - 1814 Louis-Honoré-Félix Le Peletier d'Aunay

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Décret du 24 Fructidor". Retrieved 28 September 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d Almanach Impérial an bissextil MDCCCXII, p. 471-472, accessed in Gallica 31 July 2013 (French)

See also[edit]