The Hillsborough Stadium Disaster Inquiry report, better known as the Taylor Report, is a document whose development was overseen by Lord Taylor of Gosforth, concerning the aftermath and causes of the Hillsborough disaster of April 1989, at which 95 Liverpool F.C. fans died (a 96th fan eventually died in 1993, having never regained consciousness). An interim report was published in August 1989, and the final report was published in January 1990. It sought to establish the causes of the tragedy, and make recommendations regarding the provision of safety at sporting events in future.
The Taylor Report found that the main reason for the disaster was the failure of police control. It recommended that all major stadia convert to an all-seater model, and that all ticketed spectators should have seats, as opposed to some or all being obliged to stand. The Football League in England and the Scottish Football League introduced regulations that clubs in the highest divisions (top two divisions in the English system) must comply with this recommendation by August 1994. As a result most clubs refurbished or rebuilt (partly and in some cases completely) stadia, while others built new stadia at different locations. These changes resulted in a number of world-famous terraces being replaced by all-seater stands, namely Liverpool's Spion Kop, Manchester United's Stretford End and Aston Villa's Holte End. The 1990s saw the closure of some of the oldest football stadiums in England, including Middlesbrough's Ayresome Park and Sunderland's Roker Park, in favour of new sites which were more suitable for all-seater capacities that would have been practically impossible on the site of the existing grounds. Since 2001, a number of clubs who originally decided to modernise their existing stadiums have since taken the relocation option in order gain a higher capacity; these include Southampton, Leicester City and Arsenal.
Some clubs had started upgrading their stadia before this rule was introduced. For example, St Johnstone arranged for the construction of McDiarmid Park, which opened in time for the 1989-90 season and was already being built when Hillsborough occurred.
Coventry City had made their Highfield Road stadium all-seater some years before the Hillsborough disaster, but within a few years had reintroduced standing accommodation, reverting to an all-seater capacity following the Taylor Report.
The report stated that standing accommodation is not intrinsically unsafe, but the government decided that no standing accommodation was to be allowed at all.
- Interim Report.pdf Lord Taylor's interim report on the Hillsborough stadium disaster (zipped pdf)[dead link]
- Lord Taylor's final report on the Hillsborough stadium disaster (zipped pdf)[dead link]
- "THE HILLSBOROUGH STADIUM DISASTER (INQUIRY BY THE RT HON LORD JUSTICE TAYLOR)". 15 APRIL 1989. Retrieved 2012-09-24.
- ^ Taylor, Lord Justice (15 April 1989). "Hillsborough Stadium Disaster Inquiry – Interim Report" (– Scholar search). p. 49. Retrieved 22 January 2011
- Matt Slater (14 March 2007). "Call grows for return of terraces". BBC Sport. Retrieved 28 May 2009.
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