Temple of Minerva Medica

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For the well-preserved ruin from the 4th century, see Temple of Minerva Medica (nymphaeum).

The temple of Minerva Medica (akin to the temple of Apollo Medicus) was a temple in ancient Rome, built on the Esquiline Hill in the Republican era,[1] though no remains of it have been found. Since the 17th century, it has been wrongly identified with the ruins of a nymphaeum on a nearby site, on account of the erroneous impression that the Athena Giustiniani had been found in its ruins.[2]

Its position in the regionary catalogue, between the campus Viminalis and the temple of Isis Patricia, points to a site in the northern part of Region V.[3] But hundreds of votive offerings, including one in which the temple is attested,[4] were discovered in the Via Curva (the modern Via Carlo Botta), just west of the Via Merulana, and this may be the better location.[5] Some tuff walls, resembling ritual trenches known as favissae were also found there.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cicero, De divinatione II.123: sine medico medicinam dabit Minerva, and CIL VI.10133, 30980.
  2. ^ HJ 360; LS III.158‑161.
  3. ^ Samuel Ball Platner (1904). The Topography and Monuments of Ancient Rome. Allyn and Bacon. pp. 440–. 
  4. ^ 30980.
  5. ^ Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale di Roma 1887:154‑156, 192‑200; 1888: 124‑125; Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaeologischen Instituts, Romische Abteilung. Bullettino dell'Istituto archeologico germanico, Sezione romana 1889: 278; Jordan 353; Rosch. II.2989; Cons. 305‑312

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