Tetsujin 28-go

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Tetsujin 28-go
Tetsujin 28 Volume 1.jpg
Volume 1 cover
鉄人28号
(Tetsujin Nijūhachi-gō)
Genre Action, Adventure, Mecha
Manga
Written by Mitsuteru Yokoyama
Published by Kobunsha
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Shōnen
Original run July 1956May 1966
Volumes 24
Television drama
Directed by Santaro Marune
Network NTV (1960)
Original run February 1, 1960April 25, 1960
Episodes 13
Anime television series
Directed by Yonehiko Watanabe
Produced by Kazuo Iohara
Written by Kinzo Okamoto
Music by Toriro Miki
Nobuyoshi Koshibe
Hidehiko Arashino
Studio Tele-Cartoon Japan
Licensed by
Siren Visual (former)
Madman Entertainment (2010-present)
NBC Enterprises (1964-1966)
The Right Stuf (2009-present)
Network Fuji TV (1963-1966)
English network
ATV-0 (1968)
TEN-10 (1968)
SAS-10 (1968-1969)
WPIX-TV (1964-1966)
Cartoon Network (Adult Swim)(2006)
Original run October 20, 1963May 25, 1966
Episodes 97
Anime television series
Taiyō no Shisha Tetsujin Nijūhachi-gō
Directed by Tetsuo Imazawa
Produced by Shigeru Akagawa
Toru Horikoshi
Music by Yasuaki Shimizu
Studio Tokyo Movie Shinsha
Licensed by
Network Nippon TV (1980-1981)
Tokyo MX (2008)
English network
Sci Fi Channel (1993-1997)
Original run October 3, 1980September 25, 1981
Episodes 51
Anime television series
Chōdendō Robo Tetsujin 28-go FX
Directed by Tetsuo Imazawa
Written by Hideki Sonoda
Studio Tokyo Movie Shinsha
Network NTV (1992-1993)
Original run April 5, 1992March 30, 1993
Episodes 47
Anime television series
Directed by Yasuhiro Imagawa
Written by Yasuhiro Imagawa
Studio Genco
Palm Studio
Licensed by
Network TV Tokyo (2004)
Original run April 7, 2004September 29, 2004
Episodes 26
Live-action film
Tetsujin 28: The Movie
Directed by Shin Togashi
Written by Hiroshi Saito
Kota Yamada
Music by Akira Senju
Studio Shochiku
Geneon Universal Entertainment
Released March 19, 2005
Runtime 114 minutes
Anime film
Tetsujin Nijūhachi-gō: Hakuchū no Zangetsu
Directed by Yasuhiro Imagawa
Written by Yasuhiro Imagawa
Music by Akira Ifukube
Released March 31, 2007
Runtime 95 minutes
Anime television series
Tetsujin 28-go Gao!
Directed by Tatsuji Yamazaki
Produced by Shotaro Muroji
Daisuke Hara
Written by Mitsutaka Hirota
Tatsuji Yamazaki
Music by Hiroki Nozaki
Studio Eiken
Network Fuji TV (2013-present)
Original run April 6, 2013 – ongoing
Episodes 62
Manga
Written by Atsushi Oba
Published by Shueisha
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Saikyō Jump
Original run June 2013 – ongoing
Portal icon Anime and Manga portal

Tetsujin 28-gō (鉄人28号 Tetsujin Nijūhachi-gō?, lit. "Iron Man No. 28") is a 1956 manga written and illustrated by Mitsuteru Yokoyama, who also created Giant Robo. The series centred on the adventures of a young boy named Shotaro Kaneda, who controlled a giant robot named Tetsujin 28, built by his late father.

The manga was later adapted into four anime TV series, a Japanese television drama and two films, one live action and one animated. Released in 1963, the first series was among the first Japanese anime series to feature a giant robot. It was later released in America as Gigantor.[1] A live action movie with heavy use of CGI was produced in Japan in 2005.

Plot[edit]

Characters[edit]

  • Shotaro Kaneda (金田 正太郎 Kaneda Shōtarō?): The ten-year-old son of Dr. Kaneda. He is Tetsujin's assigned controller, with a deep emotional attachment to the robot. Shotaro is a boy detective famous throughout Tokyo, and in the manga, 1963 series, and 2004 series, can be seen frequently driving a car.
  • Professor Shikishima (敷島 博士 Shikishima-hakase?): Dr. Kaneda's assistant, later Shotaro's mentor and guardian. He is caring and very dedicated to his work, but usually looks serious and deadpan. He is married, and has a son named Tetsuo.
  • Inspector Ootsuka (大塚 署長 Ōtsuka-shochou?): The Chief of Tokyo Police. He is warm in personality and very enthusiastic, which isn't to say he doesn't take his job seriously. He is very close to Shikishima and also takes care of Shotaro, even acting as a surrogate father in the 2004 series.
  • Kenji Murasame (村雨 健次 Murasame Kenji?): A former intelligence officer who begins to help Otsuka and Shotaro's work. His appearances in the 1960s and 2004 series are startkly different; he is immediately Shotaro's ally in the 1960s, but in the 2004 series, his brothers Ryuusaku and Tatsu are killed during Tetsujin's revival, causing him to seek revenge for several episodes. In the original manga, he and Ryuusaku are the leaders of a criminal organization.
  • Professor Shutain Franken (不乱拳酒多飲 博士 Furanken Shutain-hakase?): A reclusive mad scientist who created the robot Black Ox. He is calm and very knowledgeable, but unfortunately uses his talents to create dangerous robots. In the original version of the 1960s series, his name is Dr. Black Dog.
  • Superhuman Kelly (超人間 ケリー Chōningen Kerī?): An American man who volunteered himself to be turned into an android as part of a wartime experiment. As a result, his body is entirely robotic with the exception of his brain, and is often covered in bandages. In the 2004 series, he steals his brother Johnson's identity in order to kill the doctor that made him this way.

Publication[edit]

Tetsujin 28-go was serialized in Kobunsha's Shōnen Magazine from July 1956 to May 1966, for a total of 97 chapters. The series was collected into 12 tankōbon volumes, which are re-released every ten years.

Design[edit]

Yokoyama's Tetsujin, much like Osamu Tezuka's Astro Boy, was influenced by the artist's wartime experiences. In Yokoyama's case, this was through the bombing of Kobe in World War II.[2]

As he had written in Ushio magazine in 1995, "When I was a fifth-grader, the war ended and I returned home from Tottori Prefecture, where I had been evacuated. The city of Kobe had been totally flattened, reduced to ashes. People said it was because of the B-29 bombers...as a child, I was astonished by their terrifying, destructive power." Another influence on Tetsujin's creation was the Vergeltungswaffen, a set of wonder weapons designed for long-range strategic bombing during World War II, and the idea that Nazi Germany possessed an "ace in the hole to reverse [its] waning fortunes".[3] The third work to inspire Yokoyama's creation was the 1931 film Frankenstein, which shaped Yokoyama's belief that the monster itself is neither good or evil.

Adaptations[edit]

1963 TV series[edit]

Main article: Gigantor

The 1963 TV incarnation of Tetsujin 28-go aired on Fuji TV from 20 October 1963 to 25 May 1966. The series initially ended with 84 episodes, but then returned for 13 more, for a total of 97 episodes. The series had mostly short plots that never took up more than three episodes, but was generally more light-hearted than the anime that would succeed it. Shotaro, Otsuka, Shikishima and Murasame functioned as a team in this version. Only 52 episodes were ever dubbed for the English broadcast.

1980 TV series[edit]

Main article: New Tetsujin-28

The 1980-81 Shin Tetsujin 28-go (New Tetsujin 28) series was created with 51 color episodes based on a modernized take upon the original concept art. In 1993, Fred Ladd and the TMS animation studio converted the series into The New Adventures of Gigantor and had it broadcast on America's Sci-Fi Channel from September 9, 1993 to June 30, 1997.

Chō Dendō Robo Tetsujin 28-go FX[edit]

Tetsujin 28-go FX (Chō Dendō Robo) is a sequel to Tetsujin 28-go directed by Tetsuo Imazawa and produced at the Tokyo Movie Shinsha studio. It ran on Nippon Television from April 5, 1992 to March 30, 1993, totaling 47 episodes.[4] It has been brought over to Latin America, but never released in English-speaking countries.

The show follows Shotaro's son, Masato, who controls a new edition of Tetsujin and works at a detective agency with other children. Among them are Shiori Nishina, granddaughter of Chief Otsuka. The Tetsujin FX (Iron Hero 28 Future X) is controlled by a remote control gun, which has to be aimed at the robot for it to take commands.[4]

Cast

2004 TV series[edit]

Written and directed by Yasuhiro Imagawa, the 2004 remake takes place ten years after World War II, approximately the same time as the manga debuted. The new TV series has been released in the United States under its original name Tetsujin-28 by Geneon and in the United Kingdom by Manga Entertainment, the first time a Tetsujin-28 property has not been localized to "Gigantor" in America or other English speaking nations. The television series focused mainly on Shotaro's pursuit to control and fully understand Tetsujin's capabilities, all the while encountering previous creations and scientists from the Tetsujin Project. While not fully based on the original manga, it followed an extremely different storyline than in the 1960s series.

On March 31, 2007, a feature-length film, entitled "Tetsujin 28-go: Hakuchu no Zangetsu" (which translates as "Tetsujin #28: The Daytime Moon") was released in Japanese theaters. The film used the same character designs and scenery as the 2004 TV series, albeit the movie remade the series from the beginning. Among the changes, a new character "Shoutarou" debuted, Shotaro's older half-brother who was in the same airforce troop as Ryuusaku Murasame. As well, a character named Tsuki, with a heavily bandaged body, attempts to murder Shotaro. There are currently no announced plans to release the film in other countries, despite the film's large success in Asia.

2004 playstation video game[edit]

Puppet giant Gigantor by steering unit becomes the point of view of Shotaro Kaneda, game to fight the enemy robots. X team, cross association, manipulate the enemy robot Big Fire Dr., etc.. The story progresses by going to destroy one after the other a robot sent into the X-team aiming for world domination. Voice of the characters is the same as the anime cast, there is also a scene in which words that were used in the anime is used as it is. Also Gigantor other than robot that appears is a different monster and Black Ox, and II fire, combat capability of its own is set respectively. building area of 1955, port facilities, wooden residential area, where the battle takes place is a field. I can run around in Shotaro freely within the. Further, it can be used as a weapon of the robot is lifted and residential buildings, utility poles or trees. As a result, where the battle of the robot has been performed turn into ruins. If you are leaving the atmosphere of the original, steering unit can be freely right punch, left punch, walking, and flying. It is possible to gain experience value with the progress of the story, to obtain a large power and more, or to learn new tricks. There is no special or light weapons in Iron Man, but the dash, and the like punch is configured as a technique very effective. Further, it is possible to fly, but it can be placed on the palm of the time Shotaro. For maneuver is very difficult to do from the point of view of Shotaro piloted basically, to become a state that Iron Man can not see the shadow of the enemy robots and buildings in a dead angle, by blast out when you destroy them, Shotaro is It must be kept constantly Near Iron. However, sometimes get caught Shotaro and die in the battle of the robot, it is very dangerous. In addition, the operation of the operator is not possible while you are piloting the Iron Man, enemies come against the direct Shotaro comes out by the stage. Therefore, to ensure the safety of Shotaro by stopping the steering of the Iron sometimes also important. Radio disturbance function, has the function of radiation exciting game, Black Ox, has become a very strong robot. It is the work of realizing a dream in the game, the "want to be Shotaro to steer the iron man" of generation were children in the 1950s. Robot appearance (game) Gigantor No. 27 Black Ox Bacchus Gilbert Monster Fire II Robot in the lobby (small) Robots lobby (large) Saturn Fire III Character (game) [ Edit ] Shotaro Kaneda ( Kumai Motoko ) Dr. Shikishima ( USHIYAMA Shigeru ) Chief Otsuka ( Inaba real ) (Murasame Kenji Noriyuki MikiMotoo ) Takamizawa secretary ( Rie Ishizuka ) Dr. Fran Fist ( Suzuki Yasuaki ) Cross society commander ( Ugaki Hidenari ) Lobby (Kumai Motoko) Leader X ( Tsujioya eight ) Big Fire (Dr. Tadashi Nakamura ) Narration ( Seriously Yushi ) Staff (game) [ Edit ] Production: Bandai Development: Sand Lot Producer: Shiro Kuroda

2005 live-action film[edit]

The live action movie was released in the US on DVD by Geneon Entertainment in 2006 and has been licensed for a UK release by Manga Entertainment. The movie centers on Shotaro, who is living in the modern age with his widowed mother. Tetsujin 28 is accidentally discovered, and Shotaro's mother explains that it was left for Shotaro. He, with the help of Chief Otsuka and an older female classmate, learns to control Tetsujin. In the meantime, a Dr. Reiji Takumi activates Black Ox and plans to attack Tetsujin.

Further projects[edit]

On December 26, 2008, Felix Ip, the creative director of Imagi Animation Studios, revealed screenshots from a computer-animated teaser video featuring Black Ox and Tetsujin.[5] On January 9, 2009, the Japanese animation company Hikari Productions and IMAGI launched the project's website.[6] The teaser features Dr. Franken with nearly the same name that he had in the 2005 movie, him also being the leader of a terrorist organization, and Shotaro being designed to look more like Daisaku from Giant Robo: The Animation. The movie has not yet been finalized, as its further production depends on worldwide success of the Astro Boy movie. Idlewild (film) director Bryan Barber recently expressed interest in pitching a Hollywood film version of Gigantor, and allegedly has the merchandising rights to the property.[7]

US adaptations[edit]

Main article: Gigantor

In the US adaptation of the 1963 Tetsujin 28 series, which was done by Fred Ladd, all of the character names were changed, and the wartime setting removed. Mainly, Shotaro Kaneda became Jimmy Sparks, Dr. Shikishima became Dr. Bob Brilliant, Inspector Otsuka became Inspector Ignatz J. Blooper, and Kenji Murasame became Dick Strong. The series' time period was pushed forward to be in the year 2000. The 1980 TV series was also exported to America in 1993, retitled as The New Adventures of Gigantor, with most of Fred Ladd's names intact. The 2004 TV series, released by Geneon, retained all of its original names.

Legacy[edit]

Guillermo Del Toro has cited the series as an influence on Pacific Rim.[8]

In Pop Culture[edit]

Saturday Night Live's TV Funhouse spoofed Gigantor in a 'Torboto' sketch. The name is a reference to Dick Cheney's torture policies. [9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fire kills Japanese manga artist". BBC. 16 April 2004. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  2. ^ Hornyak, Timothy (2006). Loving the Machine: The Art and Science of Japanese Robots. Kodansha International. pp. 58–59. ISBN 4-7700-3012-6. 
  3. ^ Anne Allison, Gary Cross (2006). Millennial Monsters: Japanese Toys and the Global Imagination. University of California Press. pp. 103–114. ISBN 0-520-22148-6. 
  4. ^ a b "鉄人28号 @ Tokyo Movie Shinsha" (in Japanese). TMS Entertainment. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  5. ^ "New "Tetsujin 28" Teaser". Felix Ip. 26 December 2008. 
  6. ^ "Imagi Launches "Tetsujin 28" Site with CG Test Teaser". Anime News Network. 2009-01-09. 
  7. ^ Fleming, Mike (20 October 2011). "After Getting Close On Several Big Jobs, Director Bryan Barber’s Taking His Next Meetings With ‘Gigantor’ In His Corner". Deadline New York. 
  8. ^ http://www.aintitcool.com/node/63167
  9. ^ https://screen.yahoo.com/tv-funhouse-torboto-050000696.html

External links[edit]