The Dartmouth Review
Cover of The Dartmouth Review
|Owner||The Hanover Review, Inc.|
|Founder||Gregory Fossedal, Gordon Haff, Ben Hart, Keeney Jones|
|President||Stuart A. Allan|
|Editor-in-chief||Nicholas P. Desatnick|
|Headquarters||Hanover, New Hampshire|
The Dartmouth Review is a conservative, independent, bi-weekly newspaper at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire (U.S.). It was founded in 1980 by disenchanted staffers—including Gregory Fossedal, Gordon Haff, Ben Hart, and Keeney Jones—from the college's daily newspaper, The Dartmouth. It spawned a movement of politically conservative independent U.S. college newspapers such as the Yale Free Press, Harvard Salient, California Review, Princeton Tory and Cornell Review, and has been at the center of several lawsuits.
Past staffers include Pulitzer Prize-winner Joseph Rago of The Wall Street Journal, The New Criterion's James Panero, author Dinesh D'Souza, talk show host Laura Ingraham, and the Far Eastern Economic Review's Hugo Restall. Author, columnist and former Nixon and Reagan speechwriter Jeffrey Hart, Professor of English Emeritus at Dartmouth College, was also instrumental in the founding of the newspaper and is a long-time board member and adviser. As of 2013[update], it has 10,000 off-campus subscribers, distributes a further 4,000 newspapers on campus, and claims 50,000 unique viewers per month on its website.
Stances and controversies
The Dartmouth Review has consistently favored a stronger voice on the part of alumni who share its worldview in college governance and alumni issues, particularly elections to Dartmouth's Board of Trustees. In 1980, the paper reported on the election of John Steel to the board after a contentious petition campaign. (Eight members of the Dartmouth Board of Trustees are known as Alumni Trustees because they are nominated by alumni.) More recently, the paper was a driving force behind what it called the "Lone Pine Revolution," in which the alumni independently nominated and then saw elected four trustees critical of the college's stances on free speech, athletics, alumni rights, and the college/university dynamic. Several of these trustees said their campaigns were aided by the newspaper's favorable coverage of them.
In addition, the Dartmouth Review has been a conservative voice on campus issues. The paper has consistently supported College traditions and academic standards, criticized Dartmouth College's Greek policies as too strict, and resisted political correctness on campus. The paper has often maintained a flippant yet humorous tone.
In defending and promoting Dartmouth traditions and conservative positions, the Dartmouth Review has often provoked controversy. The Dartmouth Review gained national attention and notoriety early on for positions on social issues regarded as politically incorrect. The paper has become considerably more moderate in recent years, although it continues to have a reputation for outspoken views. Examples from the newspaper's history:
- In 1986, students affiliated with The Dartmouth Review formed the Committee to Beautify the Green and dismantled, with sledgehammers and early in the morning, the shanties that had been erected on the campus quad as part of a campaign to cause Dartmouth to divest itself of South African investments during apartheid. Prior to the event, the shanties had been deemed illegal by the Hanover Police Department and the College had pleaded with the protesters to vacate before disturbing Homecoming weekend and preventing the freshman class from experiencing the bonfire tradition.
- In 1988, the Dartmouth Review published an article criticizing a professor by judging one of his courses "one of Dartmouth's most academically deficient." After being verbally harassed by Dr. William Cole over the telephone, staffers sought a comment from him. The professor yelled at them, physically attacked and bit a student (Dr. Cole was later successfully sued for assault). The school accused the Dartmouth Review reports of harassment.
- In the fall of 1990, the Dartmouth Review (whose staff was at the time one-quarter Jewish) was accused of anti-Semitism for its publication of a quote from Mein Kampf in its masthead in place of its usual quote from Teddy Roosevelt. The quote was discovered by Dartmouth Review staffers three days after the paper was distributed. The Dartmouth Review recalled the issue and then editor-in-chief, Kevin Pritchett issued a campus-wide apology. According toWilliam F. Buckley, Jr.'s book In Search of Anti-Semitism, this incident was the work of a disgruntled former staff member.
- In response to the Hitler quotation in particular and the Review's stance in general, almost two thousand people assembled on the Green for a "Rally Against Hate". Both the rally and President Freedman were later criticized by many among Dartmouth alumni and by the national media.
- The November 28, 2006, issue of The Dartmouth Review featured a cover image of an Indian brandishing a scalp, with the headline: "The Natives are Getting Restless!" The paper contained multiple pieces criticizing both Native American students' complaints about a string of incidents perceived as racist, as well as the College's apologies for them. In an interview with the Associated Press, the Dartmouth Review editor-in-chief described the paper as a response to "the overdramatic reaction to events this term." Editors subsequently issued statements expressing regret and called the cover a mistake.
- In fall of 2012, The Dartmouth Review ran a cover with a picture of Dean of the College Charlotte Johnson and the Director of the Greek Letter Organizations and Societies office, Wes Schaub, posed in the style of American Gothic. The issue criticized the College's new alcohol and walkthrough policies as unsafe and invasive, predicting they would force the College's fraternities to shut their doors to freshmen in an effort to reduce liability. Later that year, the College's Inter-Fraternity Council moved to impose such a measure for the following school year.
Influence and legacy
In 2006, the newspaper celebrated its twenty-fifth year of publication by releasing an anthology entitled The Dartmouth Review Pleads Innocent: Twenty-Five Years of Being Threatened, Impugned, Vandalized, Sued, Suspended, and Bitten at the Ivy League's Most Controversial Conservative Newspaper, in which William F. Buckley lauded the newspaper as "a vibrant, joyful provocative challenge to the regnant but brittle liberalism for which American colleges are renowned."
The paper is largely credited for being the first in a movement of college conservative publications across the nation that pushed back against the increasing liberalization of higher education's faculties and administrations. It sports a six-figure operating budget and is Dartmouth College's only independent newspaper. The paper also continues to be a strong voice of opinion on campus, successfully pushing its recent agendas on course reviews and Greek life.
- "About Us". The Dartmouth Review. Retrieved 2007-11-21.
- Glabe, Scott L. (2005-10-07). "Lone Pine Revolution Continues". The Dartmouth Review. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- The Dartmouth Review Pleads Innocent: Twenty-Five Years of Being Threatened, Impugned, Vandalized, Sued, Suspended, and Bitten at the Ivy League's Most Controversial Conservative Newspaper
- Beyer, Jeffrey (2005-05-30). "The Dartmouth Review carries the banner of conservatism". The Dartmouth. Retrieved 2007-02-22.
- Simon, William E. (1990-10-20). "Demagoguery at Dartmouth". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- Wang, Beverly (2006-11-29). "Dartmouth rallies for minority students". Boston Globe (Associated Press). Retrieved 2006-11-30.[dead link]
- Toensing, Gale Courey (2006-12-15). "Dartmouth College rocked by racist controversies". Indian Country Today. Archived from the original on 2007-09-19. Retrieved 2006-12-15.
- Desai, Nicholas; Emily Ghods-Esfahani (2006-12-06). "The Cover Was a Mistake". The Dartmouth Review. Retrieved 2006-12-15.
- Linsalata, Daniel F (2006-12-02). "The Cover Story". The Dartmouth Review. Retrieved 2006-12-15.
- Schwartzman, Adam. "Greek Tradition". The Dartmouth Review.
- Shapiro, Gary (2006-04-28). "Dartmouth Review Celebrates 25 Years". New York Sun. Retrieved 2007-01-03.
- Ben Hart, Poisoned Ivy (Stein and Day, 1986). ISBN 0-8128-6256-2.
- James Panero and Stefan Beck, ed. (April 2006). The Dartmouth Review Pleads Innocent: Twenty-Five Years of Being Threatened, Impugned, Vandalized, Sued, Suspended, and Bitten at the Ivy League's Most Controversial Conservative Newspaper. Intercollegiate Studies Institute. ISBN 1-932236-93-7.
- Official website of The Dartmouth Review
- The official Twitter account of The Dartmouth Review
- The official YouTube account of The Dartmouth Review
- Stories from the New York Times on the shanty scandal