Human rights commission

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A Human Rights Commission, also known as a human relations commission, is a body set up to investigate, promote or protect human rights.

The term may refer to international, national or subnational bodies set up for this purpose, such as national human rights institutions or (usually temporary) truth and reconciliation commissions.

International Human Rights Commissions[edit]

Region Commission Note
United Nations (Universal) United Nations Human Rights Council replaced the United Nations Commission on Human Rights; distinct from the UN Human Rights Committee
African Union (Africa) African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Organisation of American States (Americas) Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Asia ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR)
Asian Human Rights Commission non-governmental
Council of Europe (Europe) European Commission on Human Rights 1954 to 1998; defunct
International Society for Human Rights

National or subnational bodies[edit]

National and sub-national human rights commissions have been established in a number of countries for the promotion and protection of their citizens' human rights, and most commissions are public bodies but with some degree of independence from the state. In other countries the ombudsman performs that role. The commissions below are state-sponsored except where indicated.

Africa[edit]

Country Commission Note
Algeria Algeria National Consultative Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights
Benin Bénin Benin Human Rights Commission
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso National Human Rights Commission of Burkina Faso andhra pradesh human rights commission
Cameroon Cameroon National Commission on Human Rights and Freedoms
Chad Chad Chad National Human Rights Commission
Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo National Human Rights Observatory
Egypt Egypt National Council for Human Rights
Ethiopia Ethiopia Ethiopian Human Rights Commission
Gabon Gabon National Human Rights Commission
Ghana Ghana Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice CHRAJ
Kenya Kenya Kenya National Commission on Human Rights Official body
Kenya Human Rights Commission NGO
Madagascar Madagascar National Human Rights Commission
Malawi Malawi Malawi Human Rights Commission
Mali Mali Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme
Mauritania Mauritania Commissariat aux Droits de l’Homme, a la Lutte contre la Pauvreté et l’Insertion
Mauritius Mauritius National Human Rights Commission
Morocco Morocco Human Rights Advisory Council
Niger Niger Nigérien National Commission on Human Rights and Fundamental Liberties
Nigeria Nigeria National Human Rights Commission
Rwanda Rwanda National Commission for Human Rights
Senegal Senegal Senegalese Committee for Human Rights
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Human Rights Commission of Sierra Leone
South Africa South Africa South African Human Rights Commission
Sudan Sudan Southern Sudan Human Rights Commission
Tanzania Tanzania Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance
Togo Togo National Human Rights Commission
Tunisia Tunisia Higher Committee on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Uganda Uganda Uganda Human Rights Commission (UHRC)
Zambia Zambia Permanent Human Rights Commission

Asia-Pacific[edit]

Country Commission Note
Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission
Australia Australia Australian Human Rights Commission
Australian Capital Territory Human Rights Commission
Bangladesh Bangladesh Bangladesh Human Rights Commission [1]
Fiji Fiji Fiji Human Rights Commission No longer ICC-accredited
Hong Kong Hong Kong human rights complaints are referred here
India India National Human Rights Commission of India Official body
Kashmir Human Rights Commission UK-based non-governmental organization
Indonesia Indonesia National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM)
Iran Iran Islamic Human Rights Commission
Jordan Jordan National Centre for Human Rights
South Korea South Korea National Human Rights Commission of Korea
Malaysia Malaysia Human Rights Commission of Malaysia
Maldives Maldives Human Rights Commission of the Maldives
Mongolia Mongolia National Human Rights Commission (Mongolia)
Burma Myanmar Myanmar National Human Rights Commission
New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand Human Rights Commission
Nepal Nepal National Human Rights Commission (Nepal)
Pakistan Pakistan Human Rights Commission of Pakistan non-governmental organization
Kashmir Human Rights Commission UK-based non-governmental organization
State of Palestine Palestine Palestinian Independent Commission for Citizen's Rights
Philippines Philippines Commission on Human Rights (Philippines)
Qatar Qatar National Committee for Human Rights (Qatar)
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka National Human Rights Commission (Sri Lanka)
Thailand Thailand National Human Rights Commission (Thailand)

Europe[edit]

Country Commission Note
France France National Consultative Commission of Human Rights (France)
United Kingdom Great Britain (UK) Equality and Human Rights Commission see also Scotland
Greece Greece National Human Rights Commission (Greece)
Republic of Ireland Ireland Irish Human Rights Commission
Italy Italy Commissione per i Diritti Umani
Luxembourg Luxembourg Consultative Commission of Human Rights (Luxembourg)
Netherlands Netherlands Equal Treatment Commission (Netherlands)
United Kingdom Northern Ireland (UK) Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission
Scotland Scotland (UK) Scottish Human Rights Commission see also Great Britain
Switzerland Switzerland Federal Commission against Racism (Switzerland)
United Kingdom United Kingdom Islamic Human Rights Commission non-governmental organization

Americas[edit]

Country Commission Note
Canada Canada Canadian Human Rights Commission
British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission
Ontario Human Rights Commission
Alberta Human Rights and Citizenship Commission
Commission des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse Québec
Northwest Territories Human Rights Commission Northwest Territories
Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala Human Rights Commission US-based NGO
Mexico Mexico National Human Rights Commission (Mexico)
Peru Peru National Human Rights Commission (Peru)
United States United States United States Commission on Civil Rights
Idaho Human Rights Commission
Illinois Human Rights Commission
Human Rights Commission of Salt Lake City
San Francisco Human Rights Commission
New York City Commission on Human Rights
Seattle Human Rights Commission
Sioux City Human Rights Commission
Salem Oregon Human Rights & Relations Advisory Commission
International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission INGO
Numerous municipal "human relations commissions"

See also[edit]