|Dr Thomas Gumbleton|
|Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus of Detroit|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|See||Archdiocese of Detroit|
|Consecration||4 March 1968|
26 January 1930 |
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Previous post||Vicar General|
|Reference style||The Most Reverend|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency|
|Posthumous style||not applicable|
Education and career
Born in Detroit in 1930, Gumbleton attended Sacred Heart Seminary High School, and later Sacred Heart Seminary. He then went on to study at St. John's Provincial Seminary in Plymouth, and also the Pontifical Lateran University. He earned a B.A. degree in 1952, a M.Div. degree in 1956, and then later earned a J.C.D in 1964. He was ordained to the priesthood on 2 June 1956, by Cardinal Edward Mooney.
After his ordination, Bishop Gumbleton held various parochial and then chancery positions. He served as Associate Pastor to St. Alphonsus, Dearborn, and then held the positions of Assistant Chancellor and Vice Chancellor.
In 1968 Gumbleton was made the Vicar General for the Archdiocese of Detroit, and was later named Auxiliary Bishop of Detroit on March 4, 1968. He served as the pastor to a number of parishes including St. Aloysius, Holy Ghost and also at St. Leo's in Detroit until 2007.
Bishop Gumbleton has been awarded a number of honorary degrees, including an Honorary Doctorate of Divinity from a number of Education Institutions. He holds degrees from:
- Seton Hall Law School (New Jersey)
- Anna Maria College (Paxton, MA)
- Marygrove College (Detroit)
- St. Joseph’s College (Philadelphia, PA)
- Aquinas College (Grand Rapids, MI)
- St. Edward’s University (Austin)
- Ohio Dominican University (Columbus, OH)
- St. Norbert College (De Pere, WI)
- La Salle University (Philadelphia, Pa)
Bishop Gumbleton was the founding president of Pax Christi USA in 1972. Pax Christi is an organisation devoted to promoting peace, and Bishop Gumbleton remains one of the organisation's "Ambassadors for the Peace".
He is also a member of the following organisations:
- Call to Action
- Detroit Catholic Pastoral Alliance
- Institute for Public Accuracy
- Pastors for Peace
- Nevada Desert Experience
- New Ways Ministry
- SHARE Foundation (El Salvador)
- Equality Michigan
- Lambi Fund of Haiti - Honorary Council
Bishop Gumbleton has traveled extensively, given speeches, and has participated in prayer vigils and television and radio appearances. Gumbleton's Sunday homilies from St Leo's parish are documented by the National Catholic Reporter, where he also wrote a regular column.
Gumbleton's public activities and civil disobedience in favor of peace have drawn much attention. In 1999 he was arrested outside The White House along with eleven other anti war protesters for disturbing the peace. Bishop Gumbleton has more recently been a very vocal opponent of the war in Iraq, being arrested once again outside The White House for engaging in civil disobedience, he was arrested along with United Methodist Bishop C. Joseph Sprague, Rabbi Arthur Waskow, Nobel Peace Prize laureates Mairead Corrigan Maguire and Jody Williams and members of pacifist organisations. Gumbleton is the only Roman Catholic bishop in America to have taken such action in protest of the war. Gumbleton has also in the past been arrested due to protests against nuclear weapons.
Catholic teaching regarding homosexuality
The bishop has written extensively on Catholic teaching regarding homosexuality. Gumbleton often draws from his personal experience of having a homosexual brother. His brother Dan revealed to his family that he was a homosexual through a letter. Gumbleton has discussed how he had previously ignored the topic; however his brother's revelation, he said, forced him to consider the matter.
Bishop Gumbleton has consistently been a supporter of New Ways Ministry and has also called for homosexual priests and bishops to "come out" and be truthful to themselves and others. Gumbleton has also acted as a keynote speaker at Call to Action conferences.
During his time as bishop, Gumbleton wore a mitre at a church service on which were symbols of the cross, a rainbow and a pink triangle. The pink triangle caused particular complaints by some due to its history as a symbol of gay rights, after its use to identify homosexuals in Nazi Concentration Camps.
Ordination of homosexuals
In 2006, he gave a written testimony to the Ohio House Judiciary Committee that explained his support for a bill that would extend the statute of limitations to 20 years past the victim's 18th birthday, a bill opposed by Ohio bishops.
Gumbleton claimed that he was sexually abused by a priest as an adolescent while in the seminary. This attracted some media attention. He stated; "I don't want to exaggerate that I was terribly damaged. It was not the kind of sexual abuse that many of the victims experience.", further adding, "They are intimidated, embarrassed, and they just bury it. I understand that", explaining that, "I never told my parents.... I never told anybody." Gumbleton spoke out as a measure to encourage Catholics who have been abused to make complaints through the official channels.
Gumbleton was notified that, through his actions in this case, he had violated the solidarity of communio episcoporum (communion of bishops) in canon law. He said at a conference in 2011 that as a consequence he was forced to give up his position as pastor at St. Leo's in January 2007,  and asked to resign from the office of auxiliary bishop.
In 2012, Gumbleton signed the Catholic Scholars' Jubilee Declaration on reform of authority in the Catholic Church.
Gumbleton was required under church law to submit his resignation when he turned 75. At that time, he petitioned to remain in office. However, his request to remain there was denied.
Bishop Gumbleton has been presented with various awards during his lifetime:
- Isaac Hecker Peacemaker (1975)
- Metro Detroit Council of Churches (1976)
- Pacem in Terris Award (1979)
- Public Citizen of the Year Natl. Assoc. of Social Workers (1980)
- Institute for Peace and Justice (1981)
- Justice and Peace Medal - St. Bonaventure University (1981)
- Jewish National Fund - Trees for Israel (1981)
- American Personnel & Guidance Assoc. (1981)
- Life Achievement Award - Interfaith Peace Ministry (1987)
- Groundwork Discipleship Award (1989)
- The Institute for International Peace - University of Notre Dame (1990)
- Palestine Aid Society (1990)
- University of Notre Dame Peacemaker (1991)
- Pope Paul VI Teacher of Peace - Pax Christi USA (1991)
- Pax Christi MI Purple Ribbon Award (1992)
- Pax Christi Ambassador of Peace (1992)
- Joseph C. Wilson Award - Xerox Corp. (1992)
- Pax Christi N.Y. Peacemaker Award (1992)
- Certificate of Appreciation - Dignity Detroit (1992)
- Honorary Chaplaincy Aids Award (1994)
- Outstanding Service & Witness Award Dignity/USA (1995)
- Bridge Building Award - New Ways Ministry (1995)
- Lifelong Honorary membership - In Pax Christi International (1995)
- Call to Action Leadership Award (1995)
- San Damiano - Madonna U. Press Symposium (1996)
- National Peace Foundation - Award of Peacemaker/Peacebuilder (1997)
- The Francis House Award (1997)
- Spirit of Detroit Award (1998)
- Alliance for Nuclear Accountability (1998)
- Bishop Dozier Peace & Justice Award - Christian Brothers University (1998)
- Humanitarian Award, MI Coalition for Human Rights (1998)
- 1998 PHD Award, Harambee, Core City Neighborhoods (1998)
- 1999 Peacemaking Award - Nebraskans for Peace (1999)
- 1999 Washington Theological Union - Distinguished Service Award (1999)
- Prophets of Peace Award - Benedictine Sisters of Erie (2000)
- Faithful Revolutionary Award - St. James Justice Action Ministry (2000)
- Civic & Humanitarian Award - Arab-American & Chaldean Council (2000)
- Lou Kousin Award - New Jersey Peace Action (2001)
- Humanitarian Service Award - LIFE for Relief & Development (2001)
- Lifetime Achievement Peacebuilder Award - Peace Action of Michigan (2002)
- Lifetime Achievement in Peacemaking - University of Missouri (2002)
- Dignity USA (2003)
- Sadako Peace Citation - Disarmament and Economic Conversion Committee of Sisters & Co-members of the Loretto Community (2003)
- Reconciler Award - National Franciscan Federation (2003)
- Theresa Maxis Award for Social Justice - Marygrove College, National Franciscan Federation (2003)
- Philip A. Hart Award - Michigan Women’s Hall of Fame (2003)
- Community Peace Maker Award - Wayne State University (2003)
- 2005 Global Peace Award (2005)
- Mercyhurst College's Archbishop Oscar Romero Award (2007)
- Montemurri, Patricia (March 15, 2013). "Retired Episcopalian Bishop H. Coleman McGehee has died at age 89". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Michigan Coalition for Human Rights - History". Michigan Coalition for Human Rights. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- National Catholic Reporter. French Against Vatican Sacking of "Red Cleric"
- Pax Christi. Civil Disobedience Action By Religious Leaders 25 March 2003
- National Catholic Reporter. Bishop Wants Clergy and Laity Out of the Closet 21 March 1997
- New Ways Ministry. 1995 Building Bridges Award Recipient 1995
- America. Yes, Gay Men Should Be Ordained 30 September 2002
- Washington Post. Bishop Says Priest Abused Him as Teenager 11 January 2006
- Sean, Michael. "Retired bishop asked to leave Detroit parish for testimony | National Catholic Reporter". Ncronline.org. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- "Blog offline". Realcostofprisons.org. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- "Bishop Thomas Gumbleton".
- ""Pope retires liberal Bishop Gumbleton", ''Christian Century'', February 21, 2006". Christiancentury.org. 2006-02-21. Retrieved 2013-12-05.
- Bishop Gumbleton's Biography from the Archdiocese of Detroit
- Bishop Gumbleton's article on the ordination of homosexuals
- "Interview with Bishop Thomas J. Gumbleton", Frontline, PBS
|Catholic Church titles|
|Founding president of Pax Christi USA
Walter Francis Sullivan