John Clayton Nienstedt

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The Most Reverend
John Clayton Nienstedt
Archbishop of St. Paul and Minneapolis
Church Roman Catholic Church
See St. Paul and Minneapolis
Appointed April 27, 2007
Installed May 2, 2008
Predecessor Harry Flynn
Orders
Ordination July 27, 1974
Consecration July 9, 1996
Personal details
Born (1947-03-18) March 18, 1947 (age 67)
Detroit, Michigan
Nationality American
Denomination Roman Catholic
Residence St. Paul, Minnesota
Previous post
Alma mater
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Styles of
John Nienstedt
Coat of arms of John Clayton Nienstedt.svg
Reference style The Most Reverend
Spoken style Your Excellency
Religious style Archbishop

John Clayton Nienstedt (born March 18, 1947) is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He is the eighth and current Archbishop of St. Paul and Minneapolis, having previously served as Bishop of New Ulm from 2001 to 2007.

Within the USCCB, he currently sits on the Committee on Cultural Diversity in the Church and the Committee for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs.

Early life and education[edit]

John Nienstedt was born in Detroit, Michigan, to John C. and Elizabeth S. (née Kennedy) Nienstedt.[1] The second oldest of six children, he has two brothers, Richard and Michael, and three sisters, Barbara, Mary, and Corinne.[2]

He graduated in 1969 from Sacred Heart Major Seminary in Detroit, where he obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree, before furthering his studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, earning a Bachelor's degree in Sacred Theology in 1972.[1] On April 29, 1972, he was ordained a deacon at the Pontifical North American College.[2] He also received a licentiate and doctorate of Sacred Theology from the Pontifical Institute of St. Alphonsus in 1977; his doctoral thesis was entitled, "Human Life in a Test-tube; the Moral Dimension of In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo transfer."[1]

Priesthood[edit]

Upon his return to the United States, Nienstedt was ordained to the priesthood on July 27, 1974.[3] He then served as an associate pastor at Guardian Angels Parish in Clawson until 1976. He became secretary to Cardinal John Francis Dearden and a part-time professor of moral theology at St. John Provincial Seminary in Plymouth in 1977.[1] He was also a weekend associate pastor at St. Fabian's Parish in Farmington Hills and at Our Lady of Sorrows Parish in Farmington before becoming vicar general for the Archdiocese of Detroit in 1979.[1] He accompanied Cardinal Dearden to the August 1978 papal conclave, where he met the future Pope John Paul II.[4]

In 1980, Nienstedt was assigned to the English desk of the Vatican Secretariat of State. During his time in Rome, he also served as a chaplain at Baby Jesus Hospital (1980–83) and to the Brothers of Holy Cross (1981–84). He earned a Doctorate in Sacred Theology from the Pontifical Institute of St. Alphonsus in 1985.

Following his return in early 1986, he was named temporary assistant pastor at St. Regis Church in Birmingham and adjunct professor of moral theology at SS. Cyril and Methodius Seminary in Orchard Lake.[5] He was later made pastor of St. Patrick's Parish in Union Lake in July that year.[1] In 1987, Nienstedt was appointed to reorganize his alma mater of Sacred Heart Seminary, of which he became Rector in 1988.[5] He became a Honorary Prelate of His Holiness in 1990, and pastor of the National Shrine of the Little Flower in Royal Oak in 1994.[1]

Episcopate[edit]

On June 12, 1996, Nienstedt was appointed Auxiliary bishop of Detroit and Titular bishop of Alton by Pope John Paul II. He received his episcopal consecration on the following July 9 from Cardinal Adam Maida, with Cardinals James Aloysius Hickey and Edmund Szoka serving as co-consecrators.[3] He selected as his episcopal motto: Ut Omnes Unum Sint, meaning, "That They All May Be One" (John 17:21).

As an auxiliary of Detroit, Nienstedt served as Episcopal Vicar for the Dearborn, Downriver, Monroe, Northwest Wayne, Southland, and Western Wayne vicariates.[1]

Bishop of New Ulm[edit]

Nienstedt was later named the third Bishop of New Ulm, Minnesota, on June 12, 2001.[3] Replacing Raymond A. Lucker, he was formally installed on the following August 6.[3] He denounced the more progressive views of his predecessor shortly after his arrival.[6] Despite a self-confessed "love for the Tridentine liturgy," the Bishop denied a request from the family of a deceased parishioner in 2005 for the latter to be buried according to the Tridentine rite. In response to the Terri Schiavo case, he stated, "Her case demonstrates the disparity that exists in this country between laws and basic moral principles. While we cannot legislate morality, we ought not to be legislating immorality."[7]

During his tenure, he also served as Chairman of the Committee on Priestly Formation and a member of the Ad Hoc Committee on Health Care Issues and the Church in the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.[8]

Archbishop of St. Paul and Minneapolis[edit]

Pope Benedict XVI appointed Nienstedt Coadjutor Archbishop of St. Paul and Minneapolis on April 24, 2007.[3] As coadjutor, he served as the designated successor to the incumbent, Archbishop Harry Flynn, who was approaching the mandatory retirement age of 75. Both of his parents died within the course of six weeks in the winter of 2007.[9]

Upon Flynn's retirement on May 2, 2008, Nienstedt automatically succeeded him as the eighth Archbishop of St. Paul and Minneapolis.[3] He received the pallium, a vestment worn by metropolitan bishops, from Pope Benedict in St. Peter's Basilica on June 29, 2008.[10] Shortly after becoming Archbishop, he discontinued the gay pride prayer service that was held at St. Joan of Arc Church in Minneapolis;[11] he had earlier described homosexuality as a "result of psychological trauma" that "must be understood in the context of other human disorders: envy, malice, greed, etc."[12] He declined numerous invitations to the 2008 Republican National Convention, which was held in St. Paul.[13] During the 2008 presidential election, Nienstedt criticized House Speaker Nancy Pelosi for her "misinterpretation on the question of when life begins," adding that her "remarks underscore once again the need for Catholics, and especially Catholic politicians, to form their consciences according to the moral truths taught by the Catholic Church."[14] He has also criticized the Freedom of Choice Act, saying, "It is hard to imagine a more radical piece of pro-abortion legislation."[14]

Strategic planning[edit]

In October 2010, Nienstedt announced a Strategic Plan calling for 21 parishes to be merged into 14 neighboring parishes. An appeal process was put in place which included information about the right to appeal announced parish mergers to the Holy See. All appeals were had run their course by early 2012. Decisions regarding buildings and other property of the merging parishes are made by local leaders in consultation with the Archbishop and Presbyteral Council, a representative body of priests. The net effect of the parish structural changes, after implementation of all the mergers announced in 2010, as well as the two mergers announced as a result of parish requests in June 2012 and the one merger which took place outside the plan in 2011, is a total of 188 parishes in July 2013 compared to 213 parishes in October 2010. The mergers involve parishes across the Archdiocese, from rural and exurban areas to suburban and urban communities.[15]

Marriage amendment[edit]

In October 2012, Nienstedt used over $600,000 from the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis urging a "yes" vote on the marriage amendment on November 6, 2012. Minnesotans at the polls on November 6, 2012 rejected by five percentage points this attempt to recognize marriage as between one man and one woman.[16][17][18]

In the following Legislative session over the Archbishop's energetic objection, DFL State Senator Scott Dibble and DFL Rep. Karen Clark advanced bills to provide for same-sex marriage in Minnesota.[19] Members of the House of Representatives voted 75-59 to allow same-sex marriage. A few days later the Minnesota Senate also departed from Nienstedt's wishes.[20] The body voted 37-30 in favor of legalizing same-sex marriage in Minnesota.[21] On May 14, 2013, in front of a history-making crowd of 7,000 people on the Capitol Mall in St. Paul, Governor Dayton signed Senator Dibble and Rep. Clark's same-sex marriage bill into law, making Minnesota the nation's 12th state to approve gay marriage.[22]

Catholic teaching[edit]

The archbishop remains committed to the Catholic teaching of rejecting same-sex unions. He has stated that Satan is behind sodomy, abortion, contraception, pornography and the redefinition of marriage.[23] He also opposes stem cell research involving stem cell lines drawn from discarded human embryos, and later bar-closing times.[9]

Abuse allegations[edit]

The Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis announced Dec. 17, 2013 that Nienstedt had voluntarily "stepped aside from all public ministry" while police investigate an allegation that he touched a boy on the buttocks.[24] Nienstedt persistently maintained that this allegation against him was "absolutely and entirely false."[25] On March 11, 2014, he returned to public ministry after an investigation by the civil authorities failed to find any evidence against him.[26]

Alleged sexual misconduct[edit]

In July 2014, it was announced that Nienstedt was under a non-criminal investigation by his diocese for "sexual misconduct with men."[27] He commented saying "I have never engaged in sexual misconduct and certainly have not made any sexual advances toward anyone. ... The allegations do not involve minors or lay members of the faithful, and they do not implicate any kind of illegal or criminal behavior." [28]

Handling of accusations of priestly sexual abuse[edit]

The archbishop has been criticized for the way "his diocese has dealt with sexually abusive priests".[29] Nienstedt responded in summer 2014, writing in a diocesan publication that although "it is very clear that we did not handle all complaints the way we should have in the past ... I have never knowingly covered up clergy sexual abuse [and] I promise to make changes".[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "MEET ARCHBISHOP NIENSTEDT". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis. 
  2. ^ a b "Curriculum Vitae". Roman Catholic Diocese of New Ulm. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Archbishop John Clayton Nienstedt". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. 
  4. ^ "Reflections on Pope John Paul II". Roman Catholic Diocese of New Ulm. 2005-04-02. 
  5. ^ a b "Bishop Nienstedt Named to New Ulm; Coadjutor Appointed for Fargo". United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. 2001-06-12. 
  6. ^ McClory, Robert J. (2004-05-07). "Bishop takes issue with late predecessor". National Catholic Reporter. 
  7. ^ "Death of Terri Schiavo". Roman Catholic Diocese of New Ulm. 2005-03-31. 
  8. ^ Thavis, John (2004-12-13). "Vatican firms up plans for U.S. seminary visitation in 2005". Catholic News Service. 
  9. ^ a b Strickler, Jeff (2008-05-10). "Archbishop John Nienstedt: His own man". The Star Tribune. 
  10. ^ Glatz, Carol (2008-06-30). "Pope gives palliums to archbishops, says church's mission is to unite". Catholic News Service. 
  11. ^ Kersten, Katherine (2008-06-29). "The real story behind the gay pride issue at St. Joan". Star Tribune. 
  12. ^ Hanners, David (2007-04-24). "Conservative bishop to succeed Flynn: A lauded liturgist, administrator, New Ulm conservative also is known for controversy". TwinCities.com. 
  13. ^ Muth, Chaz (2008-09-05). "Catholic clergy offer prayers at Republican National Convention". Catholic News Service. 
  14. ^ a b Nienstedt, John. "Statement Challenging Speaker Nancy Pelosi's Statement on Abortion". Priests for Life. 
  15. ^ planning.archspm.org
  16. ^ "Minnesota voters reject marriage amendment". MPR. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  17. ^ "Minnesota Same-Sex Marriage Amendment, Amendment 1 (2012)". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  18. ^ "Setting record straight on assessments, archdiocesan finances". The Catholic Spirit. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  19. ^ "Senate Republicans try to block same-sex marriage bill". MPR News. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  20. ^ "Minnesota Senate joins House in approving same-sex marriage". MinnPost. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  21. ^ "Minnesota Senate Votes to Allow Same-Sex Marriage". ABC News. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  22. ^ "Minnesota now 12th state to approve gay marriage". NBC News. Retrieved 2013-05-25. 
  23. ^ "Twin Cities Catholic leader courts controversy claiming Satan to blame for gay marriage, condoms". Daily News. New York. Retrieved 2013-09-20. 
  24. ^ "Archbishop John Nienstedt’s years in the Twin Cities". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 24 December 2013. 
  25. ^ archspm.org
  26. ^ "Archbishop Nienstedt returns to public ministry". The Catholic Spirit. Retrieved 14 March 2014. <
  27. ^ "Archbishop Nienstedt: New allegations of sexual misconduct 'entirely false'". Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  28. ^ Badash, David. "Breaking: Anti-Gay Catholic Archbishop Investigated For Sexual Misconduct With Men". The New Civil Rights Movement. Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  29. ^ Paulson, Michael, "Archbishop, Under Fire Over Abuse, Apologizes but Says He Won’t Resign", New York Times, July 30, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-02.
  30. ^ Nienstedt, Archbishop John C., "Tough lessons lead to significant changes", TheCatholicSpirit.com July 30, 2014. Retrieved 2014-08-02.

Episcopal succession[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Raymond Alphonse Lucker
Bishop of New Ulm
August 6, 2001–May 2, 2008
Succeeded by
John M. LeVoir
Preceded by
Harry Flynn
Archbishop of Saint Paul and Minneapolis
May 2, 2008-Present
Succeeded by
incumbent

External links[edit]