Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit
|Archdiocese of Detroit
|Territory||Counties of Lapeer, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne|
|Area||3,901 km2 (1,506 sq mi)|
|(as of 2006)
|Established||March 8, 1833 (181 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of the Most Blessed Sacrament|
|Patron saint||St. Anne|
|Archbishop||Allen Henry Vigneron|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Michael J. Byrnes
Francis R. Reiss
|Vicar General||Rev. Msgr. Robert McClory|
|Emeritus Bishops||Adam Maida
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit (Latin: Archidioecesis Detroitensis) is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Catholic Church covering (as of 2005) the Michigan counties of Lapeer, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne. It is the metropolitan archdiocese for the Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Province of Detroit, which includes all dioceses in the state of Michigan. In addition, in 2000 the archdiocese accepted pastoral responsibility for the Roman Catholic Church in the Cayman Islands, which consists of Saint Ignatius Parish on Grand Cayman (the Archdiocese of Kingston maintains a mission sui iuris jurisdiction over the Cayman Islands).
Established as the Diocese of Detroit on March 8, 1833, it was elevated to Archdiocese on May 22, 1937. Ste. Anne's in Detroit is the second oldest continuously-operating Roman Catholic Parish in the United States dating from July 26, 1701, it now serves a large Hispanic congregation.
- 1 History
- 2 Leadership
- 3 Schools
- 4 Universities and colleges
- 5 Photo gallery
- 6 Suffragan sees
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 References and further reading
- 10 External links
Before the Diocese of Detroit was formed, Michigan had been under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Diocese of Quebec from 1701 until sometime after 1796; de facto American sovereignty was established in that year. At the time, the Diocese of Baltimore encompassed the whole of the United States. Upon the creation of diocesan seats at Bardstown (1808) and later, at Cincinnati (1821), Detroit and Michigan were assigned to those sees. The Diocese of Detroit was formed on March 8, 1833, and its first bishop was Frederick Rese. At this time it covered Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and the Dakotas to the Missouri River. In 1843 all the territory of the diocese that was not incorporated into the State of Michigan was transferred to the Diocese of Milwaukee.
On July 29, 1853 the Vicarate Apostolic of Upper Michigan was organized, with responsibility for the Upper Peninsula. The territory of the diocese would be further reduced to its current size by the organization of the dioceses of Grand Rapids (1882), Lansing (1937), and shortly after the see was elevated to the status of an archdiocese, Saginaw (1938).
The son of Prussian Polish immigrants, Rev. John A. Lemke, born in Detroit on February 10, 1866, was the first native-born Roman Catholic priest of Polish descent to be ordained in America. He was baptized at St. Mary Roman Catholic Church (1843), at the corner of St. Antoine and Croghan (Monroe St.), on February 18, 1866, attended St. Albertus for his primary education, and studied at Detroit College (now the University of Detroit Mercy), where he received a bachelor's degree in 1884. After attending St. Mary's in Baltimore, he completed his theological studies at St. Francis Seminary in Monroe, Michigan, and he was ordained by Bishop John Samuel Foley in 1889. His added confirmation name was Aloysius.
In January 1989, Cardinal Edmund Szoka implemented a controversial plan to close 30 churches within the city of Detroit. He also ordered 25 other parishes to improve their situation or also face closure. The plan resulted from a five-year study which analyzed maintenance costs, priest availability, parish income and membership before recommending closure of 43 parishes.
The Associationa of Religion Data Archives indicated a Catholic membership in the archdiocese of 907,605.
On May 5, 2011, Archbishop Allen Vigneron announced that Pope Benedict XVI approved his request to name Saint Anne as patroness of Detroit. The Papal decree stated that Saint Anne has been the city's patroness since time immemorial.
On February 21, 2012, Vigneron announced a second plan to consolidate churches to address declining membership and clergy availability within the archdiocese. Under the plan, two parishes will close in 2012 and 60 others will consolidate into 21 parishes by the end of 2013. Six additional parishes were asked to submit a viable plan to repay debt or merge with other churches and the remaining 214 parishes in the archdiocese were asked to submit plans by the end of 2012 to share resources or merge.
Bishops and Archbishops and their terms of service:
- Frederick Rese (1833–1871)
- Caspar Borgess (1871–1887)
- John Samuel Foley (1888–1918)
- Michael Gallagher (July 18, 1918 – January 20, 1937)
- Edward Aloysius Cardinal Mooney (May 31, 1937 – October 25, 1958)
- John Francis Cardinal Dearden (December 18, 1958 – July 15, 1980)
- Edmund Casimir Cardinal Szoka (March 21, 1981 – April 28, 1990)
- Adam Joseph Cardinal Maida (June 12, 1990 – January 5, 2009)
- Allen Henry Vigneron (January 28, 2009 – present)
Coadjutor bishops (who did not become diocesan bishop)
- Peter Paul Lefevere (1841–1869)
Auxiliary Bishop (emeritus)
Deceased Auxiliary Bishops
- Henry Edmund Donnelly (1954-1967)
- Walter Joseph Schoenherr (1968-1995)
- Arthur Henry Krawczak (1973-1982)
As of 2013 the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit had 96 schools with 30,000 students. As of 2013 there are four Catholic grade schools and three Catholic high schools in the City of Detroit, with all of them in the city's west side.
In the 1964-1965 school year, there were 360 schools operated by the archdiocese, with about 110 grade schools in Detroit, Hamtramck, and Highland Park and 55 high schools in those three cities. There were a total of 203,000 students in the Catholic schools. The Catholic school population has decreased due to the increase of charter schools, increasing tuition at Catholic schools, the small number of African-American Catholics, White Catholics moving to suburbs, and the decreased number of teaching nuns.
Universities and colleges
- Diocese of Gaylord
- Diocese of Grand Rapids
- Diocese of Kalamazoo
- Diocese of Lansing
- Diocese of Marquette
- Diocese of Saginaw
- "Archdiocese of Detroit". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. September 6, 2010.
- "St. Ignatius Parish". Archdiocese of Detroit. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "About the parish". Saint Ignatius Parish. July 17, 2010. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "Mission "Sui Iuris" of Cayman Islands". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. January 5, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- Woodford, Arthur M. (2001). This is Detroit 1701–2001. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. p. 19. ISBN 0-8143-2914-4.
- Poremba, David Lee (2001). Detroit in Its World Setting (timeline). Wayne State University. p. 7. ISBN 0-8143-2870-9.
- Treppa, Alan R. Rev. John A. Lemke: America's First Native Born Roman Catholic Priest.St. Albertus.org. Retrieved on July 25, 2008.
- "Cardinal of Detroit Orders 30 Parishes In the City to Close". The New York Times. Associated Press. January 9, 1989. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "Detroit Prelate Backs Plan to Close 43 Churches". Los Angeles Times. October 15, 1988. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- ARDA membership reports for involved countires
- Joe Kohn (May 6, 2011). "Saint Anne declared patroness for Church of Detroit". The Michigan Catholic (Archdiocese of Detroit). Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Orlandar Brand-Williams (February 21, 2012). "31 Catholic parishes face consolidation". The Detroit News. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- Historic sites online.Michigan Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved on December 11, 2007.
- National Register of Historic Places - Michigan: Wayne County. National Park Service. Retrieved on December 12, 2007.
- St. Paul Roman Catholic Church Complex. Michigan Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved on December 11, 2007.
- "Maida, Adam Joseph". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
- Joe Kohn (February 6, 2009). "Archbishop Vigneron installed as 10th chief shepherd of Detroit diocese". The Michigan Catholic (Archdiocese of Detroit). Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "Biography of Bishop Francis R. Reiss". Archdiocese of Detroit. August 2003. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- John T. Greilick (May 5, 2011). "Three auxililiary bishops of Detroit ordained". The Detroit News. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
- "Detroit area's Catholic schools shrink, but tradition endures" (Archive). Detroit Free Press. February 1, 2013. Retrieved on September 13, 2014.
References and further reading
- Godzak, Roman (2000). Archdiocese of Detroit (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-0797-0.
- Godzak, Roman (2004). Catholic Churches of Detroit (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3235-5.
- Godzak, Roman (2000). Make Straight the Path: A 300 Year Pilgrimage Archdiocese of Detroit. Editions du Signe. ISBN 2-7468-0145-0.
- Hill, Eric J. and John Gallagher (2002). AIA Detroit: The American Institute of Architects Guide to Detroit Architecture. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3120-3.
- Muller, Herman Joseph (1976). The University of Detroit 1877-1977: A Centennial History. University of Detroit. ASIN B0006CVJ4S.
- Tentler, Leslie Woodcock with forward by Edmund Cardinal Szoka (1992). Seasons of Grace: A History of the Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-2106-2.
- Tutag, Nola Huse with Lucy Hamilton (1988). Discovering Stained Glass in Detroit. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1875-4.
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Detroit Website
- Archdiocese of Detroit Website (Archive)
- Archdiocese of Detroit Website (Archive)
- Archdiocese of Detroit at http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org
- "Letter from Kerala Catholic Association to Rev. Adam J. Maida, Archbishop of Detroit" in the South Asian American Digital Archive (SAADA)