Three-box styling

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Typical pillar configurations of a sedan (three box), station wagon (two box) and hatchback (two box) from the same model range.
A three-box coupé in notchback form, the Fiat 124
A three-box hatchback in notchback form—with its vestigial third box, the European Ford Escort
A three-box sedan, the Renault Dauphine, with articulated engine (rear), passenger and cargo (front) volumes.

Three-box design is a broad automotive styling term describing a coupé, sedan, notchback or hatchback where—when viewed in profile—principal volumes are articulated into three separate compartments or boxes: engine, passenger and cargo.[1]

Three-box designs are highly variable. The Renault Dauphine is a three-box that carries its engine in the rear and its cargo up front. The styling of the Škoda Octavia integrates a hatchback with the articulation of a three-box. This style was later used by its larger Škoda Superb, which marketed as the TwinDoor, within the liftgate operable as a trunk lid or as a full hatchback. As with the third generation European Ford Escort (also a hatchback), the third box may be vestigial. And three-box styling need not be boxy: Car Design News calls the fluid and rounded Fiat Linea a three-box design[2]—and most examples of the markedly bulbous styling of the ponton genre are three-box designs.

One-box design[edit]

One-box, also called a monospace, mono-box or monovolume configuration,[3] is a design that pulls the base of a vehicle's A-pillars forward,[3][4] softening any distinction between separate volumes and enclosing the entire interior of a vehicle in a single form—as with the Toyota Prius, Renault Espace, 1992 Renault Twingo I, Tata Nano and Japanese microvans amongst others.

Two-box design[edit]

Two-box designs articulate a volume for engine and a volume that combines passenger and cargo volumes, e.g., station wagons or (three or five-door) hatchbacks, and minivans like the Chrysler minivan.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Car Design Glossary - Part 2: One-Box (Monospace or Monovolume)". Car Design News. The principal volumes of the traditional sedan can be split into separate compartments or boxes: the hood/bonnet is the first box; the passenger compartment the second, and the trunk/boot the third—i.e. it's a 'three-box' car. 
  2. ^ "Fiat Linea". Car Design News. 
  3. ^ a b "Car Design Glossary - Part 2: One-Box (Monospace or Monovolume)". Car Design News. 
  4. ^ a b Mike Mueller (2003). American Cars of the '50s. Crestline Imprints. ISBN 0-7603-1712-7. 
  5. ^ "Car Design Glossary - Part 2: One-Box (Monospace or Monovolume)". Car Design News. A three or five-door hatchback (no separate trunk compartment) is a 'two-box' car.