Ticio Escobar

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Ticio Escobar
Born (1947-02-09)February 9, 1947[1]
Asunción, Paraguay
Nationality Paraguayan
Awards Latin American Art Critic of the Year (1984), Guggenheim Foundation (1998), Prince Claus Award (1998), International Association of Art Critics Prize (2011)

Ticio Escobar is a Paraguayan lawyer, academic, art critic, curator, museum director, and Minister of Culture of Paraguay.[1] He has written about, curated shows, and championed the rights of Indigenous peoples of Paraguay.

Early life and education[edit]

Escobar was born on February 9, 1947, in Asunción. His father was Jorge H. Escobar, a respected jurist, and his mother is María Rosalba Argaña Ferraro.[1] He graduated in Law at the Universidad Católica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción in 1970. Five years later, in 1974, he obtained his Master's degree (licencia) here in Philosophy. During his study, he was a member of the Comisión de Defensa de los Derechos Humanos en el Paraguay (a human rights group).[2][3]

Academic career[edit]

Between 1971 and 1989 he was a professor at this university in the fields of philosophy of law, mathematical logic, philosophical anthropology, history of art and art criticism.[4]

Until 1980, Escobar was an art reviewer for the Museo Paraguayo de Arte Contemporáneo. In 1979 he founded the Museo del Barro (museum of pottery) in Asunción, with the objective to preserve Paraguayan culture. The same year he also founded the Museo de Arte Indígena, Centro de Artes Visuales (museum for indigenous art, center of visual art). To this museum, of which he was also the director until 2008, he donated his own art collection.[1][3][4][5]

Arts and activism[edit]

Between 1978 and 1988 he was the curator for Paraguay at the Biennale of São Paulo. Furthermore, he was curator for several versions of the Venice Biennale and the biennales of Cuenca, Trujillo, San Juan, Buenos Aires, Lima and Porto Alegre, and for a number of expositions in Latin America and Europe. At the beginning of the 1990s, he joined two movements for Indigenous peoples' rights: the Asociación Indigenista del Paraguay and the Asociación Apoyo a las Comunidades Indígenas del Paraguay (ACIP).[2]

From 1991 to 1996 Escobar was Director of Culture of the city of Asunción.[1] In 1996 he won the contest of the national government for editing the bill on culture, that later was adapted by parliament as Ley Escobar 3051/06. In 2008 he took office as the Minister of Culture of the government of Fernando Lugo for the term 2008–2013.[1][2][3][6][7]

Furthermore, Escobar was a chairman of the Paraguayan section of the International Association of Art Critics. He has written more than ten books.[2]


Escobar received several international awards. Here follows a selection:[1][2][3][4][6]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ticio Escobar." Portal Guaraní. (Spanish) Retrieved 24 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e Prince Claus Fund, biography (Spanish)
  3. ^ a b c d Prince Claus Fund, Urban Heroes
  4. ^ a b c A Quienes Elegimos, Curriculum Vitae (Spanish)
  5. ^ Prince Claus Fund, profile
  6. ^ a b Circulo de Bellas Artes, biography (Spanish)
  7. ^ Habana Radio (11 February 2011) Ticio Escobar, el crítico devenido Ministro (Spanish)