Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly

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Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly
東京都議会
Tōkyō-to Gikai
The Metropolitan Assembly Building within the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building complex in Shinjuku
Type
Type
History
Founded 1878 (1878) as Tōkyō-fu-gikai
1943 (1943) as Tōkyō-to-gikai
April 17, 1947 (1947-04-17) (current local autonomy law)
Leadership
President (gichō)
Toshiaki Yoshino[1], Liberal Democratic Party
since August 2013
Vice President (fuku-gichō)
Hajime Fujii[1], Kōmeitō
since August 2013
Seats 127 assembly members
Elections
Last election
2013
Website
www.gikai.metro.tokyo.jp

The Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly (東京都議会 Tōkyō-to gikai?) is the prefectural parliament of Tokyo.

Its 127 members are elected every four years in 42 districts by single non-transferable vote. 23 electoral districts equal the Special wards of Tokyo, another 18 districts are made up by the cities, towns and villages in the Western part of the prefecture, one district consists of the outlying islands (Ogasawara and Izu Islands).

The assembly is responsible for enacting and amending prefectural ordinances, approving the budget (5.7 billion yen in fiscal 2007) and voting on important administrative appointments made by the governor including the vice governors.

Due to the special nature of the Tokyo Metropolis compared to other prefectures the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly has certain powers that would usually fall into the responsibilities of municipal parliaments. This is to ensure efficient and unified urban administration for the 23 special wards that cover the former city of Tokyo and comprise the urban core of the Greater Tokyo Area.

Current composition[edit]

The Tokyo prefectural election, 2013 took place on June 23, 2013. All 82 candidates nominated by the national-level ruling coalition of LDP and Kōmeitō were elected. The DPJ was reduced to fourth party, falling behind the Communists who picked up nine seats. Turnout was the second lowest in history at 43.5%, down from 54.5% in 2009.[2][3]

As of February 12, 2014 the assembly was composed as follows:[4]

Composition of the Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly
Parliamentary group Seats
Liberal Democratic Party of Japan
Tōkyō-togikai jiyūminshutō
59
New Komeito
togikai Kōmeitō
23
Japanese Communist Party
Nihon kyōsantō Tōkyō-togikai giin-dan
17
Democratic Party of Japan
togikai minshutō
15
Unity & Restoration
togikai yui to ishin
5
Your Party
minna no tō Tokyo
4
Tokyo Seikatsusha Network
togikai seikatusha nettowāku
3
Independent
(shinkokyū no dekiru Tōkyō)
1
Total 127

Electoral districts[edit]

Most electoral districts correspond to current municipalities, but several districts correspond to former counties (the counties, abolished as administrative unit in 1921, had initially by definition served as electoral districts for prefectural assemblies in the Empire), namely the West Tama (Nishi-Tama), North Tama (Kita-Tama) and South Tama (Minimi-Tama) counties. The towns and villages on the islands have never been subordinate to counties, but to four subprefectures that together form the islands electoral district.

Electoral districts[5]
Tokyo, Tokyo and Tokyo's islands Western Tokyo/Tama area
District Municipalities,
subprefectures
Magnitude District Municipalities,
counties
Magnitude
Chiyoda Chiyoda ward 1 Hachiōji Hachiōji city 5
Chūō Chūō ward 1 Tachikawa Tachikawa city 2
Minato Minato ward 2 Musashino Musashino city 1
Shinjuku Shinjuku ward 4 Mitaka Mitaka city 2
Bunkyō Bunkyō ward 2 Ōme Ōme city 1
Taitō Taitō ward 2 Fuchū Fuchū city 2
Sumida Sumida ward 3 Akishima Akishima city 1
Kōtō Kōtō ward 4 Machida Machida city 3
Shinagawa Shinagawa ward 4 Koganei Koganei city 1
Meguro Meguro ward 3 Kodaira Kodaira city 2
Ōta Ōta ward 8 Hino Hino city 2
Setagaya Setagaya ward 8 Nishitōkyō Nishitōkyō city 2
Shibuya Shibuya ward 2 Nishi-Tama (West Tama) Fussa city
Hamura city
Akiruno city
Nishi-Tama County
2
Nakano Nakano ward 4
Suginami Suginami ward 6 Minami-Tama (South Tama) Tama city
Inagi city
2
Toshima Toshima ward 3
Kita Kita ward 4 Kita-Tama (North Tama) 1 Higashimurayama city
Higashiyamato city
Musashimurayama city
3
Arakawa Arakawa ward 2
Itabashi Itabashi ward 5 Kita-Tama (North Tama) 2 Kokubunji city
Kunitachi city
2
Nerima Nerima ward 6
Adachi Adachi ward 6 Kita-Tama (North Tama) 3 Chōfu city
Komae city
2
Katsushika Katsushika ward 4
Edogawa Edogawa ward 5 Kita-Tama (North Tama) 4 Kiyose city
Higashikurume city
2
Islands Ōshima Subprefecture
Miyake Subprefecture
Hachijō Subprefecture
Ogasawara Subprefecture
1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b MSN/Sankei News, August 8, 2013: [sankei.jp.msn.com/region/news/130808/tky13080821470008-n1.htm 東京都議会が臨時会開催 新議長に自民の吉野都議、副議長に公明の藤井都議を選出]
  2. ^ The Wall Street Journal, June 24, 2013: 自公圧勝、全員当選=自民第1党奪還、民主第4党転落—2番目に低い投票率・都議選
  3. ^ NHK: 2013東京都議会議員選挙開票速報
  4. ^ http://www.gikai.metro.tokyo.jp/membership/political_party.html (Japanese)
  5. ^ Tokyo Electoral Commission: Prefectural electoral districts

External links[edit]