Luba-Kasai language

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Ciluba
Tshiluba
Native to Democratic Republic of the Congo
Region Kasai-Occidental and Kasai-Oriental provinces
Ethnicity Baluba-Kasai (Bena-kasai)
Native speakers
9.5 million  (2009)[citation needed]
Dialects
Ciluba-Lubilanji /Cena-Lubilanji (in Mbuji-Mayi, Tshilenge district, and western Gandajika territory )
Cena-Lulua (in kananga, central-northern Lulua district, and eastern Luebo territory)
Cikwa-Nyambi (in Northern Kamonia territory & Tshikapa)
Cikwa-Luntu (in Dimbelenge territory)
Language codes
ISO 639-2 lua
ISO 639-3 lua
L.31[1]
Pidgin Chiluba
Native to DR Congo
Native speakers
None
Luba-based pidgin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
L.30A[1]

Tshiluba alternatively spelled Ciluba also called (Luba-Kasai, Luba-Lulua, Kikasai,and Luva?) is a Bantu language spoken in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where it is a national language, along with Lingala, Swahili, and Kikongo. It is one of two major Congolese languages called "Luba" (see Luba-Katanga). The prefix Tshi/ or Ci followed by the suffix Luba, means 'Luba language' or language of the Luba people or even the speaking of the baluba.

Geographic distribution[edit]

Tshiluba is spoken by about 6 million people, chiefly in the Kasaï Occidental and Kasaï Oriental provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

western dialects Eastern dialects English
meme mema me
ne ni with
nzolo/nsolo nzolu chicken
bionso bionsu everything
luepu mukela (e) salt
kapia mudilu fire
bidia nshima type of food)
malaba makelela yesterday/ tomorrow
lupepe luhepa wind
Mankaji (shi)/tatu mukaji tatu mukaji aunty
bimpe bimpa well/good

Dialects[edit]

There are significant dialect differences between an eastern dialect of the East Kasai Region, spoken by the Luba people, and a western dialect of the West Kasai Region, spoken by the Lulua people.

There is also a pidginized variety of Tshiluba.[1]

Alphabet[edit]

Luba-Kasai uses the following Latin alphabet:

A a B b C c D d E e F f G g H h I i J j K k L l M m N n Ng ng Ny ny O o P p S s Sh sh T t U u V v W w Y y Z z

The sounds q, r, and x do not exist in Ciluba, there are only present in loanwords from French and sometimes Swahili. maringa gives madinga in ciluba; veranda gives velando or balanda in ciluba.

Sample Text[edit]

  • Bantu bonsu badi baledibwa badikadile ne badi ne makokeshi amwe. Badi ne lungenyi lwa bumuntu ne kondo ka moyo, badi ne bwa kwenzelangana malu mu buwetu.
  • All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  • Samuel Phillips Verner (1899). Mukanda wa Chiluba. Spottiswoode. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 

External links[edit]