Tullio Campagnolo

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Gentullio (Tullio) Campagnolo (26 August 1901 – 3 February 1983) was an Italian racing cyclist and inventor.

He patented the quick release skewer, and founded the revered Campagnolo bicycle component company.

Timeline[edit]

In 1922 Campagnolo began his amateur cycling career.

In 1930, he patented the cam mechanism quick-release skewer that became the standard for the industry, a design still used ever since.

In 1933, the first quick release hubs were produced by Campagnolo.

Also in 1933, he patented the sliding hub, dual seatstay rod-operated, back-pedal derailleur, ultimately known as the 'Cambio Corsa'.

In 1949, he introduced the 'Gran Sport' twin-cable, parallelogram rear derailleur at the Milan trade show, the first modern derailleur.

Background[edit]

Tullio Campagnolo was one of the greatest legends in bicycle component invention and manufacture.

He was born in Vicenza, Italy in 1901 to a middle-class family, and began his tinkering of inventions at his father's hardware store.

He was an avid cyclist winning many races, such as Giro di Lombardia, Milan-San Remo and several Olympic heats.

Origin of quick release[edit]

While racing through the Italian Dolomites on November 11, 1927 with freezing weather and snow, he lost the race victory due to a wing nut he could not remove to change gear. The title that Campagnolo sacrificed through the Croce D’ Aune Pass encouraged him to develop the quick release wheel locking mechanism. This quick release skewer, which is in use and famous today, enables a bicycle wheel to be removed and re-attached quickly, and was the first of his many inventions from his father’s Vicenza workshop that he is well known for.

Other Campagnolo products[edit]

Campagnolo was also an innovator in materials engineering for bicycle component design. In 1961, Campagnolo was the first to produce components using low-pressure magnesium casting and he used new aluminum alloys and titanium. In 1966 he patented the Campagnolo self-centering wine-bottle opener.

Patents[edit]

During his life Tullio Campagnolo applied for many patents, and many design registrations (some of these were not in the field of bicycles, or bicycle parts). His designs were extremely influential, and very widely copied. Several companies produced items that were nearly identical in design, but consumers preferred the original as a status symbol, and as a guarantee of quality.

Sponsorship[edit]

Many of cycling's greatest champions used Campagnolo components, including Fausto Coppi, Gino Bartali, Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinault, Greg Lemond, Miguel Indurain and Philippe Gilbert.

Merckx was a close friend of Campagnolo, and became an iconic symbol of the company.

50 Years of Campagnolo[edit]

Campagnolo died in 1983, just after the introduction of the Gruppo del Cinquantenario (50th anniversary Campagnolo groupset). The groupset was mostly made from high grade aluminium, and had special gold coloured parts, to distinguish it from the standard production groupsets.

Gruppo Number 0002 was presented to Pope John Paul II in a private audience for a delegation of Italian cycling enthusiasts later that year.

80 Years of Campagnolo[edit]

To mark the 80th year of the Campagnolo company, a special groupset was produced, in a limited production run. This was mostly black coloured, and partly made from carbon fibre material.

Cultural Legacy[edit]

Allan Holdsworth's eighth studio album 'Hard Hat Area's' 5th track, "Tullio", is a reference to racing cyclist Tullio Campagnolo.

External links[edit]