U.S. Route 93

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U.S. Route 93 marker

U.S. Route 93
Route information
Length: 1,457 mi[1] (2,345 km)
Existed: 1926[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: US 60 in Wickenburg, AZ
 

I‑40 near Kingman, AZ
I‑15 in Las Vegas, NV
US 6 / US 50 in Ely, NV
I‑80 in Wells, NV
I‑84 at Twin Falls, ID
I‑90 at Missoula, MT

US 2 at Kalispell, MT
North end: BC 93 at Canadian Border at the Port of Roosville near Eureka, MT
Highway system

U.S. Route 93 is a major north–south United States highway in the western United States. The southern terminus is at U.S. Route 60 in Wickenburg, Arizona. The northern terminus is at the Canadian border north of Eureka in Lincoln County, Montana, where the roadway continues into Roosville, British Columbia, as Highway 93.[2] Major cities that US 93 travels through include Las Vegas, Nevada, Twin Falls, Idaho, Missoula, Montana, and Kalispell, Montana

Route description[edit]

Arizona[edit]

US 93 begins at US 60 in Wickenburg, a small town about 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Phoenix. 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Wickenburg, it passes through a large forest of Joshua Trees, and is thus labeled the Arizona Joshua Parkway until it merges with I-40 to Kingman. US 93 then splits from I-40 in Kingman and heads north to the Hoover Dam. Chloride is located off this highway, and Santa's Land remains are on the west side about 15 miles (24 km) before the Chloride exit.

This highway was known to be one of the deadliest highways in America until recently. The years of improvement have made it a much safer road to travel, according to the Federal Highway Administration.[3]

Nevada[edit]

U.S. 93 heading towards Alamo, Nevada

US 93 enters Nevada on the Hoover Dam Bypass, then winds its way west-southwest through Boulder City before it merges with U.S. Route 95 and then curves northwest towards Las Vegas. These combined routes then join and run concurrent with the Interstate 515 freeway through Henderson and southeastern Las Vegas, before US 93 exits at the Las Vegas Spaghetti Bowl interchange just northwest of downtown, heading northbound concurrently with Interstate 15. Those two routes then run in a northeasterly direction through the city of North Las Vegas until they exit the metro area, where US 93 eventually diverges from I-15 to head north towards Great Basin National Park. Near there, the highway joins with the combined U.S. Route 6 and U.S. Route 50 to run northwest towards Ely. At that city, US 6 first departs to the west, then shortly thereafter US 93 leaves US 50 to continue north. Upon reaching Lages Station, Alternate US 93 splits off in a northeasterly direction toward West Wendover. The main route of US 93 continues north from there, intersecting Interstate 80 at Wells before crossing the Idaho state line near Jackpot.

Between State Route 318 and Majors Junction (US 6/50), US 93 is designated a Nevada Scenic Byway.[4]

From Ely to Schellbourne Ranch,[5] US 93 is part of the Lincoln Highway, the first road across the United States.

Idaho[edit]

US 93 entering Grand View Canyon (between Mackay and Challis, Idaho)

Shortly after entering Idaho at Jackpot, Nevada, US 93 overlaps US 30 as it enters Twin Falls. North of here, the highway crosses the Snake River Canyon via the Perrine Bridge en route to an interchange with Interstate 84. US 93 passes through Shoshone and runs concurrently with both US 26 and US 20 before reaching Arco. The highway then turns northwest to enter the Big Lost River valley through Mackay. Just south of Challis, US 93 becomes the northern leg of the Salmon River Scenic Byway as it heads towards the town of Salmon.[6] From there, the highway follows portions of the Lewis and Clark Trail and passes through the Salmon-Challis National Forest before entering Montana.

Montana[edit]

Montana State Line, US 93 at Lost Trail Pass

US 93 enters Montana from Idaho at Lost Trail Pass and travels north descending through the Bitterroot National Forest. The highway continues along the Lewis and Clark Trail into the Bitterroot Valley toward Missoula, passing through Darby and Hamilton.

The "Animals' Bridge" on the Flathead Indian Reservation is used by grizzly and black bears.[7]

From Missoula it continues north through the Flathead Indian Reservation, where its signage includes the historic Salish and Kutenai names for towns, rivers, and streams.[8] Portions of this section run along the National Bison Range. North of the reservation, US 93 traverses the western shore of Flathead Lake, the largest freshwater lake west of the Mississippi River. North of the lake the highway runs through the cities of Kalispell and Whitefish, traveling through the Flathead National Forest and the Stillwater State Forest before reaching its terminus at the Canadian border near Eureka.

The portion north of Hamilton travels through one of the most densely populated areas in Montana. This section also serves as a popular north–south connection between Yellowstone National Park and Glacier National Park. As a result, the road tends to become more congested between Hamilton and Whitefish. A popular bumper sticker in Montana reads, "Pray for me, I drive Hwy 93!"[9]

History[edit]

U.S. Route 93 was not one of the original U.S. highways proposed in the 1925 Bureau of Public Roads plan.[10] However, the revised numbering plan approved by the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) on November 11, 1926, established US 93 from the Canadian border near Eureka, Montana south through Montana and Idaho to a southern terminus at Wells, Nevada.[11][12]

AASHO, at its June 8, 1931, meeting, approved a southerly extension of US 93 south to Glendale, Nevada.[11] By 1932, the Nevada Department of Highways had marked the continuation of the highway using the routing of several preexisting state highways.[13]

At the request of the Arizona State Highway Department, the AASHO route numbering committee approved another extension of US 93 in 1935. This shifted the southern terminus south to Kingman, Arizona by way of Las Vegas.[11] Nevada officials again extended the route along preexisting highways; however, they may not have signed the extension right away as it was not shown on Nevada's state-published maps until 1939.[11][14][15]

Until 1993, US 93 ended a short distance north of Wickenburg, Arizona at a junction with U.S. Highway 89. When US 89 was decommissioned in the area, the US 93 designation was carried on into Wickenburg.[citation needed]

A new highway segment opened in October 2010 in the area of Hoover Dam;[16] the Hoover Dam Bypass replaces a highway that had been closed to truck traffic due to security concerns over the dam since the September 11, 2001 attacks.[17] The bypass crosses the Colorado River on a new bridge downstream of the dam. The new bypass will now make the truck detour through either Laughlin, Nevada or Needles, California unnecessary.

Future[edit]

US 93 (with US 60 to the southeast of Wickenburg) is currently the shortest and most direct route between Las Vegas and Phoenix, two of the fastest-growing cities in America. Upgrades of US 60 and US 93 to expressway status are scheduled between Las Vegas and Phoenix.[18] Most recently, in the 2012 Surface Transportation Act, the US Congress officially designated a new Interstate freeway corridor between the two cities as Interstate 11,[19] which would mostly or completely replace Route 93 in Arizona.

A bypass route is currently being planned to redirect US 93 around Kalispell, Montana.[20] Currently, US 93 enters Kalispell and becomes Main Street, a 25 mph (40 km/h) arterial.

Bannered routes[edit]

Lages Junction–Wells alternate[edit]


U.S. Route 93 Alternate
Location: Lages Junction–Wells, Nevada

U.S. Route 93 Alternate is an alternate route of US 93 in northeastern Nevada. The southern terminus is at Lages Station in northern White Pine County, where it separates from US 93. The route continues north to West Wendover where it joins Interstate 80. US 93 Alternate follows I-80 west to Wells, where it terminates at an interchange with US 93.

Alternate 93 provides a shortcut from central Nevada to Salt Lake City, Utah via eastbound Interstate 80.

Shoshone-Challis alternate[edit]


U.S. Route 93 Alternate
Location: ShoshoneChallis, Idaho
Existed: 1926–1977

Between 1926 and 1977 a road between Shoshone, Idaho and Challis, Idaho was also labeled Alternate US 93. This stretch of road is now designated as part of US 93. The pre-1977 routing of US 93 between those points is now designated as State Highway 75.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b US Highways from US 1 to US 830 Robert V. Droz
  2. ^ Endpoints of US highways
  3. ^ "Traversing the Mohave Desert on Arizona's U.S. 93". Archived from the original on 2008-10-13. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  4. ^ Nevada Scenic Byways
  5. ^ "The Lincoln Highway". Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  6. ^ Idaho Scenic Byways - Salmon River
  7. ^ Devlin, Vince (October 3, 2010). "Cameras show wildlife use Highway 93 North overpass and tunnels". The Missoulian (Missoula, MT: missoulian.com). Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
  8. ^ Devlin, Vince (2013-10-15). "Missoula councilors seek tribal elders' help for 'wayfinding' signs". Ravalli Republic. Retrieved 2013-10-24. 
  9. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions About the People's Way Highway Project — US 93: Evaro to Polson". Montana Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  10. ^ Droz, Robert V. (2003-02-24). "1925 US Highway Plan". U.S. Highways: from US 1 to (US 830). Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  11. ^ a b c d "U.S. 93 Reaching For The Border". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. 2009-01-09. Retrieved 21 July 2009. 
  12. ^ Droz, Robert V. (2005-02-28). "US Highways in 1927". U.S. Highways: from US 1 to (US 830). Retrieved 2009-06-07. 
  13. ^ Nevada Department of Highways (1932). Road Map (Map). http://contentdm.library.unr.edu/u?/hmaps,459. Retrieved 2009-06-07.
  14. ^ Nevada Department of Highways. Official Road Map of the State of Nevada (Map) (1936 ed.). http://contentdm.library.unr.edu/u?/hmaps,467. Retrieved 2009-07-21.
  15. ^ Nevada Department of Highways. Official Road Map of the State of Nevada (Map) (1939 ed.). http://contentdm.library.unr.edu/u?/hmaps,471. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
  16. ^ Illia, Tony; Cho, Aileen (7 December 2009). "Buffeted by High Winds and Setbacks, a Bypass Is Making History Near Hoover Dam". Engineering News-Record (New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies) 263 (18): 18. ISSN 0891-9526. "(The crossing) opened in October 2010." 
  17. ^ Illia 2009, p. 18. "After Sept. 11, 2001, more than 2000 trucks a day have been diverted 23 miles away from the dam, costing consumers some $30 million annually in added fuel and delays, reports the Nevada Motor Transport Association, a Sparks, Nev.-based group."
  18. ^ "de beste bron van informatie over us93corridor". us93corridor.com. Retrieved 2013-01-26. 
  19. ^ "Phoenix-to-Vegas interstate included in federal transportation bill". Kingman Daily Miner. June 29, 2012. Retrieved July 1, 2012. 
  20. ^ "Kalispell Bypass". Montana Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Parfit, Michael; Chris Johns (Dec 1992). "The Hard Ride of Route 93". National Geographic (National Geographic Society) 182 (6): 42–69. 

External links[edit]

Browse numbered routes
US 91 MT I-94