UAZ-452

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UAZ-452 of the Soviet Army Road Police.

UAZ-452 (УАЗ-452) (nicknamed Буханка (Bukhanka or Bread loaf), Таблетка (Tabletka or Pill) or Golovastik (Tadpole))UAZ-452 dimensions Wheelbase 2300 mm Lenght 4360 mm Width 1940 mm Height 2090 mm Curb weight 1,760 kg Ground clearance 220 mm Max.speed 95 km/h UAZ-452 is a family of off-road vans produced at the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant since 1965. The design of its predecessor model UAZ-450 [produced in 1958-1966] was copied without a license from the contemporary Jeep Forward Control produced by Willys.

In the late 1970s, new rear lights, got rectangular shape (the former were smaller and had a round shape).

In 1985 this car has upgraded and was divided into separate models: 39625, 3962, 3303, 3909 and 2206. Was introduced in lighting fixtures that meets modern international requirements, there were alarms, a new instrument panel, a new speedometer. Redesigned brakes. The engine has also been upgraded, and its capacity increased to 99 hp against the previous 78 hp.

In the early years of 2000h, new plastic side mirrors, taken from the van GAZelle , headrests on the front seats, with a minibus version (2206), new passenger seats with headrests. At pickup truck (version 3303) appeared metal body instead of a wooden.

old side mirror (pre 2000s)
new side mirror (post 2000s)

In subsequent years, the engine upgrade to the current environmental requirements and appeared injury-plastic steering wheel.

In March 2011, this vehicle has upgraded on specific models: 39625, 3962 and 2206. Added were ABS brakes, power steering, seat belts and Euro-4 engine as standard.

Design[edit]

UAZ-452 left front
UAZ-452 rear
UAZ-452 right side

Because of the external similarities with a loaf of bread, the van became known as Буханка (bukhanka, loaf) or Таблетка (tabletka, pill) in Russian. The car is produced in several modifications, with the main difference being the body type (e.g. UAZ-3741 van {known as bukhanka} or and UAZ-3303 pickup truck {known as golovastik, tadpole}). The body of the van is normally equipped with two front doors, a single-wing door on the right side and a double-wing door in the rear, although the exact configuration can vary depending on the specific modification. Notable in the van are the fuel ports on the left and the right side of the van, leading to two separate fuel tanks.[1]

The engine, placed between the left hand driver and the front-seat passenger, was the same 75 hp (56 kW; 76 PS) 2,445 cc (149.2 cu in) UMZ 452MI inline four as the UAZ-469, and was able to run on gasoline of as low as 72 octane (76 was preferred).[2]

History[edit]

The UAZ-452 is a 4×4 off-road heir to the earlier 4×2 UAZ-451. Serial production of the UAZ-452 started in 1965.[citation needed]

Models[edit]

UAZ-452 variants:

  • UAZ-452 – van, the main modification
  • UAZ-452A – ambulance, popularly nicknamed the "таблетка" ("tablet" or "pill"). The car could seat up to 4 stretchers or 6 on the benches and one accompanying both. The nurse was not comfortable when moving as the suspension remained that of the standard model, but was the only ambulance that can reach the most remote places.[3]
    • UAZ-452AS – ambulance for Arctic areas
  • UAZ-452AE – chassis cab for installation of various equipment
  • UAZ-452V – convertible van wagon
  • UAZ-452D – a truck with double cab and wooden body
  • UAZ-452DG – experimental 6x6 version
  • UAZ-452G – ambulance with different capacity from the UAZ-452A
  • UAZ-452K – experimental 16-seater three-axle bus (6×4) (1973).
  • UAZ-452P – tractor

List of current UAZ-452 models:[4]

  • UAZ-2206 – 6 to 11 seat Minibus
  • UAZ-3303 (UAZ452D) Golovastikpickup truck with a 2-person all-metal cab
  • UAZ-3741 – all-metal cargo van capable of carrying loads up to 850 kg
  • UAZ-3909 – "фермер" (farmer), Combi which carries 6 passengers and 450 kg of cargo; the rear compartment is separated from the front (driver's) row with a window).
    • UAZ-3909i – military ambulance with a red cross on the roof and the bonnet
  • UAZ-3962 – "sanitarka" ambulance, can accommodate up to 9 people, or the equivalent load.
    • UAZ-39625 – strict passenger and cargo version of the UAZ-3962. Differs from the 3909 version of the fact that the 3909 version of the real stationary passenger seats and a separate not glassed-in the cargo compartment behind the passenger compartment, and a fully glazed version 39625 and seats installed in the cargo hold on the sides are hinged bench.
  • UAZ-39094 – crewcab pickup truck with a 10 cm metal platform with a wooden floor equipped with a removable frame tent and awning, 3 dropsides. Cargo bed replaceable by utility and special service bodies.

Specifications[edit]

UAZ-3303 UAZ-3741 UAZ-2206 UAZ-3962 UAZ-3909 UAZ-39094
Number of seats 2 2 8-11 8 7 5
Number of doors 2 4 4 4 4 3
Length, mm (ft) 4474 4440 4440 4440 4440 4847
Width, mm (ft) 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100 2100
Height, mm (ft) 2355 2101 2101 2101 2101 2355
Wheelbase, mm (ft) 2550 2300 2300 2300 2300 2550
Clearance, mm (ft) 220 220 220 220 220 220
Fording depth, mm (ft) 500 500 500 500 500 500
Curb weight, kg 1845 1805 1940 1805 1905 1995
Gross weight, kg 3070 2730 2790 2730 2830 3070
Payload, kg 1225 925 850 925 925 1075
Fuel petrol (gas) petrol (gas) petrol (gas) petrol (gas) petrol (gas) petrol (gas)
Seating capacity in liters. 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,7 2,7
Maximum power, hp (kW) 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min 112 (82.5) at 4000 rev / min
Maximum torque, Nm 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min 208 at 3000 rev / min
Maximum speed, km / h (m/h) 115 127 127 127 127 127
Fuel consumption at 90 km / h, l / 100 km 15,4 13,5 13,5 13,5 13,5 17
Capacity fuel tanks, l 50 77 77 77 77 50
Gearbox Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed Manual, 5-speed
Transfer case 2-speed 2-speed 2-speed 2-speed 2-speed 2-speed
Brakes dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum dual circuit, vacuum booster, drum
Tyres 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16 225 / 75 R 16

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article has been brought over from the Russian Wikipedia article.

  1. ^ http://uaz.rustina.cz/LITERATURA/KATALOG_NAHRADNICH_DILU_3741.pdf Parts Catalogue p. 53
  2. ^ Thompson, Andy. Cars of the Soviet Union (Haynes Publishing, Somerset, UK, 2008), p.178.
  3. ^ Де Агостини Автолегенды СССР [1] (Avtolegendy USSR). УАЗ-452 Moscow ISSN 2071-095X
  4. ^ http://www.uaz.ru/models/sm/

External links[edit]