UEFA Euro 2020 bids
The bidding process for the UEFA Euro 2020 is the process by which the location for the 16th European Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2020, will be selected. The process officially began on 21 March 2012 with the intent to announce the hosts in late 2013 or early 2014. Despite interest from Turkey, a joint bid from Scotland, the Republic of Ireland and Wales and a proposal from Georgia and Azerbaijan, UEFA announced on 6 December 2012 that it had made the unprecedented decision to host the tournament in multiple cities across Europe.
Euro 2020 will be the second tournament to involve 24 nations, following UEFA Euro 2016 four years previously.
Initial bidding process
It was initially envisaged that the tournament would be contained within one, two or three countries. In the case of multiple countries hosting the tournament, these countries would have to share a border. Assuming no changes from the Euro 2016 bidding process, the basic hosting requirements were to be as follows:
- Only the 54 football associations affiliated to UEFA are eligible to host the tournament.
- Joint bids by 2 member associations are permitted and, under exceptional circumstances, joint bids by 3 member associations may be considered.
- The stadium requirements for Euro 2016 were as set out below. However, Euro 2016 will now use 10 stadiums rather than the 9 initially specified, so the 2020 bidding process may adopt a new formula.
- 2 stadiums with 50,000 seats
- 3 stadiums with 40,000 seats
- 4 stadiums with 30,000 seats
On 21 March 2012, UEFA announced that the bidding process would be as set out below in the event that more than one expression of interest in bidding was received by UEFA before 15 May 2012. Without a second bid, UEFA stated that the hosts would be confirmed on 15 May, subject to the confederation receiving the necessary guarantees. On 16 May 2012, UEFA announced that, because more than one national association had submitted their interest, it would begin its formal selection process and would allow any of the 54 national federations to bid, even if they chose not to declare an interest prior to the deadline. The timeline for the rest of the procedure was announced by UEFA on 30 June 2012.
|First||21 March 2012||Declarations of interest formally invited|
|15 May 2012||Last date to submit a "letter of intent" to UEFA|
|Second||30 June 2012||UEFA to announce timeline for the rest of the bid process|
|July / December 2012||UEFA will hold discussions with all national associations|
|6 December 2012||Decision that Euro 2020 will be spread across the European continent|
|28 March 2013||Approval of the bidding requirements and bid regulations|
|April 2013||Publication of the bid requirements and launch of the bidding phase|
|September 2013||Formal confirmation of their bid by the candidates|
|April/May 2014||Submission of bid dossiers and start of the evaluation phase|
|September 2014||Appointment of the host cities by the UEFA Executive Committee|
Expressions of interest
Turkey, a joint Scottish, Irish and Welsh bid and an Azerbaijani-Georgian bid all formally confirmed their interest in hosting Euro 2020 with UEFA in the spring of 2012. The deadline for declarations of interest was at midnight on 15 May 2012, but UEFA announced that further bids were welcome on 16 May.
By and large, this was seen as a disappointing group of hosts to select from, especially as favourite for the bid Turkey favoured a bid to host the 2020 Summer Olympics in its largest city Istanbul, held in the same year and seen as an obstacle to the hosting of Euro 2020.
The Azerbaijani-Georgian coalition was doubted by some due to Azerbaijan's preference for a successful Baku bid for the 2020 Summer Olympics. On 15 May 2012, hours after the announcement of the three-way Irish, Scottish and Welsh bid, Georgian Sports Minister Vladimir Vardzelashvili announced his country's intention to declare an interest in hosting Euro 2020 alone. Nine days later, however, Azerbaijan notified UEFA that they planned to join forces with Georgia in a bid for Euro 2020 after Baku failed to make the IOC's shortlist as a contender to bid for the 2020 Olympic Games.
Several other nations made a less committed effort to the host the tournament, but never announced a firm interest. Among these were Belgium, a joint Bosnia and Herzegovina–Croatia–Serbia bid, a proposal from Romania alongside either Bulgaria or Hungary and sole bids from Germany and the Netherlands.
Change to pan-European tournament format
On 30 June 2012, at a press conference a day before the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, UEFA President Michel Platini suggested that instead of having one host country (or joint hosting by multiple countries), Euro 2020 may be spread over "12 or 13 cities" across the continent. UEFA already use a similar system for the UEFA Under 17 Championship's 'Elite Round' where each of the seven groups is hosted by a different country. On 6 December 2012, UEFA announced that the 2020 championships would be held in multiple cities all over Europe to mark 60 years of the tournament's existence. Platini reasoned that this was the logical decision at a time of financial difficulty across Europe.
Schedule of process
- 28 March 2013: Approval of the bidding requirements and bid regulations
- 26 April 2013: Publication of the bid regulations, bid requirements and launch of the bidding phase
- 12 September 2013: Formal confirmation of candidate cities by their respective football associations
- 20 September 2013: Announcement of candidate cities by the UEFA Executive Committee
- 25 April 2014: Submission of bid dossiers
- September 2014: Appointment of the host cities by the UEFA Executive Committee
- Twelve cities will host four matches (the 'Standard Package'), consisting of three group stage matches + one round of 16/quarter-final match). A 13th city will host the semi-finals and final (the 'Finals Package). Each city will use one venue only. Each association may bid for either or both of the above packages (same city or two different cities). However, a maximum of one city per country will be chosen.
- The minimum stadium capacities should be 70,000 for semi-finals/final, 60,000 for quarter-finals, and 50,000 for round of 16 and group matches. Up to two exceptions would be allowed for stadiums of a minimum capacity of 30,000, limited to group matches and a round of 16 match. Any projected stadiums must start construction by 2016.
- For the group stage, a maximum of two host teams will be drawn into each group, with each qualified host team guaranteed to play two home matches in the group stage. However, there is no guarantee that a host team will play any knockout matches at home. The composition of teams in the group stage will still be subject to seeding and draw, but the allocation of host teams to each group will take into account of travel distances (flights between host cities in the same group should not exceed two hours).
- Each team which qualifies for the finals can set up their base camp anywhere, without any obligation of staying in any of the host countries.
- Each host city must have two airports, or two separate airport terminals at a single airport. This is to segregate rival fans.
In May 2013, UEFA President Michel Platini announced that his personal priority was to have the competition hosted at venues that have never hosted European Championship matches before.
Expressions of interest
The deadline for expressions of interest was 12 September 2013. On 20 September, UEFA confirmed expressions of interest from 32 football associations to act as host cities. Of the FAs which have applied to host EURO 2020, 19 associations have not previously hosted the final stages of tournament, (labeled with *). Whilst neither Croatia or Serbia have hosted an international football tournament as independent countries, the Serbian and Croatian capitals both hosted finals matches for Euro 1972 as part of then Yugoslavia.
Expressed interest in bidding for Finals Package and Standard Package
Expressed interest in bidding for Finals Package
Expressed interest in bidding for Standard Package
The Finnish Football Association withdrew its bid on 4 March 2014 as redevelopments to its chosen venue, the Helsinki Olympic Stadium, will leave it below the standards required to host matches at the tournament.  The Czech Football Association also withdrew its candidacy in March 2014 citing that the government was not ready to provide the guarantees for building a new stadium. 
Several federations withdrew their bids in late April 2014, before the final dossiers were submitted on 25 April. Four nations who had hosted recent tournaments - Euro 2008 hosts Switzerland (St. Jakob-Park, Basel), Euro 2012 co-hosts Poland (National Stadium, Warsaw and Silesian Stadium, Katowice) and Ukraine (Olympic Stadium, Kiev), and Euro 2016 hosts France (Stade des Lumières, Lyon)  - withdrew after deciding that their chances of success were minimal. Despite being favourites to host the final, Turkey withdrew its bid to host the final at the Ataturk Stadium in Istanbul in favour of bidding to host Euro 2024.
In addition, other withdrawn bids included: both Portuguese bids, at the Estádio da Luz and Estádio do Dragão, due to lack of support from local councils; the bid from the Czech Football Association in Prague due to lack of financial guarantees from city authorities; the Croatian Football Federation's bid in Zagreb, due to financial problems;  Armenia; Greece; Kazakhstan; and Serbia.
On 26 April 2014, UEFA announced that there were two bids for the Finals Package (of which one will be successful) and 19 bids for the Standard Package (of which 12 will be successful) with a final decision still expected in September 2014.
|Azerbaijan||Baku*||Bakı Olimpiya Stadionu||68,000 (under construction)||Standard Package|
|Belarus||Minsk*||Stadyjon Traktar||16,500 (to be expanded to 33,000)||Standard Package|
|Belgium||Brussels||proposed new national stadium||50,000 (60,000 potentially)||Standard Package|
|Bulgaria||Sofia*||Ovcha Kupel Stadium||15,992 (to be expanded to 33,000)||Standard Package|
|Denmark||Copenhagen*||Parken Stadion||38,065||Standard Package|
|England||London||Wembley Stadium||90,000||Finals Package and Standard Package|
|Germany||Munich||Allianz Arena||67,812 (to be expanded to 75,000)||Finals Package and Standard Package|
|Hungary||Budapest*||Új Puskás Ferenc Stadion||56,000 (proposed new 65,000 stadium)||Standard Package|
|Ireland||Dublin*||Aviva Stadium||51,700||Standard Package|
|Israel||Jerusalem*||Itztadion Teddy||34,000 (to be expanded to 50,000)||Standard Package|
|Italy||Rome||Stadio Olimpico||72,698||Standard Package|
|Macedonia||Skopje*||Nacionalna arena Filip II Makedonski||33,460||Standard Package|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam||Amsterdam ArenA||53,052 (to be expanded to 55-56,000)||Standard Package|
|Romania||Bucharest*||Arena Națională||55,600||Standard Package|
|Russia||Saint Petersburg*||New Zenit Stadium||69,500||Standard Package|
|Scotland||Glasgow*||Hampden Park||52,063||Standard Package|
|Spain||Bilbao||San Mamés Barria||53,332||Standard Package|
|Sweden||Solna, Stockholm||Friends Arena||50,000||Standard Package|
|Wales||Cardiff*||Millennium Stadium||74,500||Standard Package|
The voting procedure of the venues was approved by the UEFA Executive Committee on 13 May 2014:
- The winner of the Finals Package will be selected first.
- The winners of the four Standard Packages which will host the quarter-finals will be selected next.
- The winners of the eight Standard Packages which will host the round of 16 matches will be selected last. This selection will be based on "regional zones" which will be finalized by the end of August 2014 by UEFA Executive Committee members whose associations are not bidding.
The voting will be done by secret ballot and Executive Committee members which are associated with the bidding associations will not be allowed to vote.
The announcement ceremony of the selected venues will take place at the Espace Hippomène in Geneva on 19 September 2014.
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