|Founders||McVitie & Price
|Key people||Martin Glenn (CEO)
Jeffrey Van Der Eems (COO)
David Fish (Chairman)
|Products||Biscuits and savory snacks|
|Revenue||£1,142.3 million (2007)|
|Operating income||£141.7 million (2007)|
|Net income||£24.0 million (2007)|
|Owners||Blackstone and PAI Partners|
United Biscuits ("UB") is a British multinational food manufacturer, makers of McVitie's biscuits, Jacob's Cream Crackers, and Twiglets. The company was listed on the London Stock Exchange and was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index but in December 2006 it was acquired by a consortium of Blackstone Group and PAI Partners.
United Biscuits was formed in 1948 by a merger of two Scottish family businesses: McVitie & Price and MacFarlane Lang.
In 1962, William Crawford & Sons, best known for its shortbread, was acquired for £6 million. In 1965, William MacDonald & Sons was acquired for £2.8 million, and brought the Penguin brand to the group.
Keebler was sold for $500 million in 1995.
The company was acquired in May 2000 by Finalrealm, a consortium of financial investors, as well as Nabisco Holdings Corporation: as part of the transaction, UB acquired Nabisco's European businesses.
In December 2012 UB agreed the sale of its KP Snacks business to Intersnack.
United Biscuits Network
The United Biscuits Network, a closed-circuit radio network serving their factories across the UK which was active from 1970 to 1979, spawned the career of UK radio presenter Steve Allen and TV and radio personality Dale Winton.
In popular culture
In his 2009 book The Pleasures and Sorrows of Work, Alain de Botton chronicles his tour and brief experiences with employees of United Biscuits as they launched the "Moments" biscuit line.
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- Arnott, Sarah (2010-07-22). "United Biscuits private equity owners mull sale". The Independent (London).
- "A New Biscuit Company." Times [London, England] 19 Mar. 1948: 9.
- "United Biscuits Crawfords For More Than £6M." Times [London, England] 24 May 1962: 19.
- "£2.8M. Biscuit Merger." Times [London, England] 21 Jan. 1965: 22.
- Anthony Rowley. "Cavenham sell biscuit interests for £4m." Times [London, England] 5 July 1972: 19.
- "Information on Wimpy's Franchise",Caterer Search. Retrieved on 2008-01-29.
- "History". United Biscuits. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
- United Biscuits Sells Keebler for $500 Million
- ""UB to weigh up its options"". Eurofood. April 25, 2002. Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- ""United Biscuits selling Young's stake"". Eurofood. March 29, 2001. Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- ""Danone sells its UK biscuits to United"". The Independent. July 24, 2004. Retrieved 2007-04-12.[dead link]
- "City sandwich". London: Telegraph. July 11, 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-04.
- Parkinson, Gary (October 26, 2006). ""Private-equity companies snap up United Biscuits in a [pound]1.6bn"". The Independent. Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- ""Blackstone and PAI complete purchase of UB"" (Press release). United Biscuits. December 15, 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- "Pick of the Pops Biography". BBC. Retrieved 2009-01-04.