Uwais al-Qarani

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Owais
Arabic: أويس
Titles: al-Qarani Arabic: القرني
Father Abdullah
Birthplace Yemen (594 AD)
Ethnicity Yemeni Arab
Known For Being a loyal companion of Muhammad and Ali [1]
Died 657 AD
Burial Place al-Raqqah, Syria[2][1]
Coordinates 35°56'32"N 39°1'46"E
Cause of Death Killed in the Battle of Siffeen[1]
Religion Islam
Influenced Saints of the Uwaisi tradition
Revered by Sunnis, Sufis, and Shias

Owais al-Qarani Arabic: أويس بن انيس القرني‎, a was an Arab, Muslim, mystic, martyr, and philosopher from Yemen. He lived during the lifetime of Muhammad, but never met Muhammad personally.[3] As reported by Ibn Battuta, Uwais was killed in the Battle of Siffeen as a soldier in Imam Ali's army. Uwais's shrine where he is buried was in al-Raqqah, Syria before it was destroyed by radical Islamists in 2013.[4] Another shrine was constructed in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey.[5]

Life[edit]

Uwais's father, Abdullah, was a strong Muslim believer and died when Uwais was young. Not long after a meeting with Ali, Uwais al-Qarani left Qaran for Kufa, Iraq. He was considered one of Shian e Ali (companion of Ali and one who followed the teachings of Ali) in his time, in addition he fought for Ali against Muawiyah I at the Battle of Siffeen in 657 AD.[6]

Damage of Uwais's Tomb[edit]

On March 11, 2013 unidentified militants bombed and heavily damaged the tombs of Uwais al-Qarani and Ammar ibn Yasir located in al-Raqqah.

Uwaisi[edit]

The Eight Ascetics

The Uwaisi form of Islamic mysticism was named after Uwais al-Qarani, as it refers to the transmission of spiritual knowledge between two individuals without the need for physical interaction between them.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Desecration of the Shrines of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw)– Ammar Ibn Yassir and Uwais Al-Qarani in Raqqa, Syria." World Federation. N.p., 05 Aug. 2013. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. <http://www.world-federation.org/Secretariat/Articles/Desecration_graves_companions_Holy_Prophet_Muhammad_SAW_Ammar_ibn_Yassir_Uwais_alQarani_Raqq_Syria.htm>.
  2. ^ "Militants Blow up Muslim Shrine in Syria's Raqqa." PressTV. N.p., 12 Mar. 2013. Web. 02 Aug. 2013. <http://www.presstv.com/detail/2013/03/12/293239/militants-destroy-muslim-shrine-in-syria/>
  3. ^ Beale, Oriental Bibliotheca
  4. ^ "The Moment Isis Detonated a More Than 500 Year old Shrine". 30 May 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, Owais Karni
  6. ^ Attar, Muslim Saints and Mystics, trans. A.J. Arberry, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983

External links[edit]