|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2013)|
|Titles: al-Qarani Arabic: القرني|
|Birthplace||Yemen (594 AD)|
|Known For||Being a loyal companion of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Ali |
|Burial Place||al-Raqqah, Syria|
|Cause of Death||Martyred in the Battle of Siffeen|
|Influenced||Saints of the Uwaisi tradition|
|Revered by||Sunnis, Sufis, and Shias|
Uwais al-Qarani Arabic: أويس بن انيس القرني, also known as Saint Uwais al-Qarani, was an Arab, Muslim, mystic, martyr, and philosopher from Yemen. He lived during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad, but never met Prophet Muhammad personally. As reported by the renowned historical scholar Ibn Battuta, Uwais was martyered in the Battle of Siffeen as a soldier in Imam Ali's army. Uwais's shrine where he is buried is in al-Raqqah, Syria. Another shrine was constructed in his honor in Baykan, in the Siirt Province of Turkey.
Uwais's father, Abdullah, was a strict Muslim and died when Uwais was young. Not long after a meeting with Ali, Uwais al-Qarani left Qaran for Kufa, Iraq. He was considered one of Shian e Ali (companion of Ali and one who followed the teachings of Ali) in his time, in addition he fought for Ali against Muawiyah I at the Battle of Siffeen in 657 AD.
Attributed sayings and prayers
The following are sayings attributed to Uwais al-Qarani
- "An aim is required before embarking on an action; therefore, if your aim is to find God and his Prophets, then you will surely reach your aim."
- "And choose a friend who is able to free you from all else."
- "What is considered as modesty during Islamic Prayer?", he was asked. "For you to be so attuned that even if an arrow pierces you, you remain unaware of it."
- "Be such on the path of God, so that no one exists for you but Him."
- "I wanted a high position in life, I found it in modesty. I wanted leadership, I found it in giving advice. I wanted dignity, I found it in honesty. I wanted greatness, I found it in poverty. I wanted lineage, I found it in virtue. I wanted majesty, I found it in contentment. I looked for peace and found it in asceticism."
The following prayer is attributed to Uwais al-Qarani:
"In the Name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. O God! I call you, and want no other but you. God, I desire You only. I call upon You, O You who bring comfort to those who are scared, and give refuge to those in need. You open hearts, and are in possession of all good. You bring stability to weariness, and purify all wrongs. You write out our good deeds and allow us to ascend. I ask of You to provide us with good intentions and not to subject our beings with dark objectives. O God, O Merciful, I call upon all Your Names, and all Your kindness which shall not remain hidden. I call You, upon Your most treasured Name, the Name which shall grant my prayer to be heard and answered quicker by You. Amen, O Lord of the worlds."
Desecration of Uwais's Shrine
On March 11, 2013 foreign-backed militants (Free Syrian Army) bombed and heavily damaged the shrines of Uwais al-Qarani and Ammar ibn Yasir located in al-Raqqah, Syria (located approximately 160 km east of Aleppo). The terrorist group al-Nursa, an al-Qaeda linked group, and other Salafi/Wahabi rebels are blamed for the sacrilegious act. On March 13, 2013 the Free Syrian Army claimed responsibility for the destruction of Uwais's and Ammar's shrines. This attack along with the destruction of Hujr ibn Adi's shrine, Syeda Zaynab bint Ali's shrine, and Syeda Ruqayya bint Husain ibn Ali's shrine have been correlated to the Wahabbi movement.
|The Eight Ascetics|
The Uwaisi form of spiritual transmission in the vocabulary of Islamic mysticism was named after Uwais al-Qarani, as it refers to the transmission of spiritual knowledge between two individuals without the need for physical interaction between them.
- "Desecration of the Shrines of the Companions of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw)– Ammar Ibn Yassir and Uwais Al-Qarani in Raqqa, Syria." World Federation. N.p., 05 Aug. 2013. Web. 25 Aug. 2013. <http://www.world-federation.org/Secretariat/Articles/Desecration_graves_companions_Holy_Prophet_Muhammad_SAW_Ammar_ibn_Yassir_Uwais_alQarani_Raqq_Syria.htm>.
- "Militants Blow up Muslim Shrine in Syria's Raqqa." PressTV. N.p., 12 Mar. 2013. Web. 02 Aug. 2013. <http://www.presstv.com/detail/2013/03/12/293239/militants-destroy-muslim-shrine-in-syria/>
- Beale, Oriental Bibliotheca
- Encyclopedia of Islam, Owais Karni
- Attar, Muslim Saints and Mystics, trans. A.J. Arberry, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1983
- "Syria militants exhume grave of Prophet’s companion". Press TV. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- Film on Uwais Al Qarani subtitled by Al-Masumeen.com
- Maktab Tarighat Oveyssi Shahmaghsoudi (School of Islamic Sufism)
- The Extreme Mourning of Uwais al-Qarni, Shia Website
- Islamic Sufism Genealogy, November 2004, Tehran University Publications
- The Uwaisi Transmission of Spiritual Knowledge (Naqshbandi-Haqqani website)
- About Uwais al-Qarni, from "The Children Around the Table of Allah," by Shaykh Muhammad Sa'id al-Jamal ar-Rifa'i
- Uwais Qarni(رضي الله عنه)