Vedanga Jyotisha

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The Vedāṅga Jyotiṣa, or Jyotiṣavedāṅga, (Sanskrit: वेदाङ्ग ज्योतिष, IPA: [ʋeːdɑːŋɡə ɟjoːtiʂə]) is the earliest known Indian text on astronomy (Jyotisha), dated to 1400-1200 BCE (with the extant form possibly from 700-600 BCE).[1]

It was redacted by Lagadha (Sanskrit: लगध, IPA: [ləɡəd̪ʱə]), who was, as per Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya[2] and others,[3][4][5][6][7] from Kashmir.

The text is foundational to the Vedanga discipline of Jyotisha.

Editions[edit]

  • Yajus recension, Rk variants and commentary of Somākara Śeṣanāga, edited: Albrecht Weber, Über den Vedakalender Namens Jyotisham, Berlin 1862
  • Yajus recension, non-Yajus verses of Rk recension, edited: G. Thibaut, "Contributions to the Explanation of the Jyotisha-Vedánga", Journal of the Asiatic Society Bengal Vol 46 (1877), p. 411-437
  • Hindi translation: Girja Shankar Shashtri, Jyotisha Karmkanda and Adhyatma Shodh Sansthan, 455 Vasuki Khurd, Daraganj, Allahabad-6.
  • Sanskrit Commentary with Hindi Translation: Vedā̄ṅgajyotiṣam: Yajurvedināṃ paramparayāgatam vistr̥tasaṃskr̥tabhūmikayā. On Vedic astrology and astronomy; critical edited text with Hindi and Sanskrit commentaries. By Lagadha, Ācārya-Śivarāja Kauṇḍinnyāyana, SammodavardhanaKauṇḍinnyāyana, Somākara[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Subbarayappa, B. V. (14 September 1989). "Indian astronomy: An historical perspective". In Biswas, S. K.; Mallik, D. C. V.; Vishveshwara, C. V.. Cosmic Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. pp. 25–40. ISBN 978-0-521-34354-1. 
  2. ^ Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya, History of Science and Technology in Ancient India, Firma K.L Mukhopadhyaya (1986), pp. 486-494
  3. ^ Satya Prakash, Founders of Sciences in Ancient India (part II), Vijay Kumar (1989), p.471
  4. ^ B.S. Yadav & Man Mohan, Ancient Indian Leaps into Mathematics, Birkhäuser (2011), p. 78
  5. ^ M. I. Mikhailov & N. S. Mikhailov, Key to the Vedas, Minsk-Vilnius (2005), p. 105
  6. ^ Sures Chandra Banerji, A Companion to Sanskrit Literature, Motilal Banarsidass (1989), p. 59
  7. ^ Helaine Selin, Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, Kluwer Academic Publishers (1997), p. 977
  8. ^ http://books.google.co.in/books?id=SDmSGwAACAAJ

External links[edit]