Vetranio

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Vetranio
Emperor of the Roman Empire
Maiorina-Vetranio-siscia RIC 281.jpg
On the reverse of this coin struck under Vetranio, the emperor is holding two labara, the ensigns introduced by Constantine I.
Reign 1 March – 25 December 350
(together with Constantius II)
Birthplace Moesia in modern Serbia
Died c. 356

Vetranio (d. c. 356), born in the province of Moesia in a region in modern Serbia,[1] is sometimes incorrectly referred to as Vetriano. He was an experienced soldier and officer when he was asked by Constantina, the sister of Roman Emperor Constantius II, to proclaim himself Caesar (March 1, 350). Her brother Constans had been killed by Magnentius earlier that year and she probably thought Vetranio could protect her family and herself against the usurper. Vetranio accepted, and coins were minted in his name, showing the title of Augustus (full emperor), rather than Caesar. Constantius first seemed to accept the new Emperor and his regalia and sent him money to raise an army.

Constantius was on a campaign against the Persians when Magnentius came to power. He returned to the West and met with Vetranio, who subsequently abdicated on December 25, 350. He was allowed to live the remainder of his years as a private citizen on a state pension in Prusa ad Olympium, Bithynia.

See Philostorgius 3.22 for detail on his rise to power.

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Regnal titles
Preceded by
Constans
Roman Emperor
350
Served alongside: Constantius II
Succeeded by
Constantius II