Victoria, Chile

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Victoria
City and Commune
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of Victoria commune in the La Araucanía Region
Map of Victoria commune in the La Araucanía Region
Location in Chile
Location in Chile
Victoria
Location in Chile
Coordinates: 38°14′S 72°20′W / 38.233°S 72.333°W / -38.233; -72.333Coordinates: 38°14′S 72°20′W / 38.233°S 72.333°W / -38.233; -72.333
Country Chile
Region La Araucanía
Province Malleco
Founded 1881
Government[1][2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Hugo Monsalve Castillo (ILA)
Area[3]
 • Total 1,256 km2 (485 sq mi)
Elevation 334 m (1,096 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total 32,448
 • Density 26/km2 (67/sq mi)
 • Urban 23,977
 • Rural 9,524
Demonym Victorienes
Sex[3]
 • Men 16,423
 • Women 17,078
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Area code(s) 56 + 45
Website Official website (Spanish)

Victoria is a city and commune in Malleco Province of La Araucanía Region, Chile. It is the second most populous city in the Malleco Province, and is the gateway to the area known as Araucanía Andina, with attractions such as the Tolhuaca National Park, the Tolhuaca Hot Springs, Malalcahuello National Reserve, and the communes of Curacautín and Lonquimay. The climate is influenced by the vicinity of the temperate rainforest in Chile.

History[edit]

Victoria was founded in 1881 by Bernardo Muñoz Vargas by order of General Gregorio Urrutia, on a plateau overlooking the Traiguén River valley .

The beginning[edit]

The beginning of the city was very poor, only a few huts, little trade, especially for the garrison of the fort, was all that was Victoria in 1881. The first Swiss settlers came to Victoria in 1883 The commander of the fort, Bernardo Muñoz Vargas, made some advances in the urban regulatory plan, as to dumps, open streets, and place a wooden bridge over the river Traiguén. Among the first foreigners to have some Germans in Valdivia who established a mill and a brewery on the banks of Traiguén others exploited the extensive virgin forest creating some sawmills.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Victoria spans an area of 1,256 km2 (485 sq mi) and has 33,501 inhabitants (16,423 men and 17,078 women). Of these, 23,977 (71.6%) lived in urban areas and 9,524 (28.4%) in rural areas. The population grew by 1.6% (522 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[3]

Attractions[edit]

Some snowcapped volcanoes of the Andes, such as the Tolhuaca, Lonquimay, Sierra Nevada and the Llaima, can be seen from Victoria, forming an enormous backdrop for the city.

Economy[edit]

Its economy is based mainly on agriculture, livestock, dairy and export of agricultural products, forestry, trade and services. Its privileged location in the center of the Province, close to the regional capital, Temuco, permits an expedite connection with the main national routes such as railways and Chile Route 5. It is also located halfway along the bi-oceanic corridor between the Pacific Ocean and Argentina across the Pino Hachado Pass.

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Victoria is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Hugo Monsalve Castillo (ILA).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Victoria is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Enrique Estay (UDI) and Fuad Chahín (PDC) as part of the 49th electoral district, (together with Curacautín, Lonquimay, Melipeuco, Vilcún, Lautaro, Perquenco and Galvarino). The commune is represented in the Senate by Alberto Espina Otero (RN) and Jaime Quintana Leal (PPD) as part of the 14th senatorial constituency (Araucanía-North).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Spanish) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b (Spanish) "Municipality of Victoria". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 13 December 2010. 

External links[edit]