West Germany 1–0 Austria (1982 FIFA World Cup)

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West Germany v. Austria
Event 1982 FIFA World Cup
Date 25 June 1982
Venue El Molinón, Gijón
Referee Bob Valentine
Attendance 41,000

West Germany versus Austria was a 1982 FIFA World Cup game played at the El Molinón stadium, Gijón, Spain, on 25 June 1982.

In German, it is known as Nichtangriffspakt von Gijón (lit. Non-aggression pact of Gijón)[1] or Schande von Gijón (lit. Disgrace of Gijón), while in Algeria it is known as the Anschluss.[2]

The match was the last game of the first-round Group 2, with Algeria and Chile having played the day before. With the outcome of that match already decided, a win by one or two goals for West Germany would result in both them and Austria qualifying at the expense of Algeria, which had beaten West Germany in the first game. After 10 minutes, West Germany took the lead. Thereafter, neither team scored, and few scoring chances were created. Onlookers noted that both teams played as though they were content with the result, giving the impression of them having an unspoken agreement to play for a 1–0 German win.

In the second group stage of the previous World Cup in 1978, the Austrians, despite having already been eliminated, had made great efforts to beat West Germany 3–2 in a match known as the Miracle of Cordoba, which deprived the Germans of a berth in the Third Place match. The two teams were considered to be fierce rivals. However, as the 1982 match did not live up to these expectations and was widely perceived to be fixed, many observers were strongly critical of the teams' performances.

Also in the 1978 tournament, at the same stage as the Miracle of Cordoba, the host nation and eventual winners, Argentina, were drawn in the same group as Brazil, and went into their final match against Peru with the benefit of knowing the result of Brazil's match against Poland earlier in the day. They went on to win 6-0, advancing to the final on goal difference at the expense of the Brazilians.

As a result of these two matches, and similar events, FIFA revised the group system for future tournaments, so that the final two games in each group would be played simultaneously.[3]

Background[edit]

  • Note: 2 points for a win, 1 for a draw, first tie-breaker is goal difference.
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Austria 2 2 0 0 3 0 +3 4
 Algeria 3 2 0 1 5 5 0 4
 West Germany 2 1 0 1 5 3 +2 2
 Chile 3 0 0 3 3 8 −5 0

Algeria began their campaign by recording a shock 2–1 win over West Germany on the opening day, becoming the first African team to defeat a European team at the World Cup. They then went on to lose 0–2 to Austria before beating Chile 3–2 in their final match.

As Algeria played that final match the day before West Germany met Austria, the two European teams knew what result they needed in order to qualify for the next round. A West German win by one or two goals would see both Germany and Austria qualify. A larger German victory, by three goals or more, would see Germany and Algeria qualify while a draw or an Austrian win would eliminate the Germans.

Match summary[edit]

After 10 minutes of furious attack, West Germany succeeded in scoring through a goal by Horst Hrubesch. After the goal was scored, the team in possession of the ball often passed between themselves in their own half until an opposition player came into the vicinity of the ball. The ball was then passed back to the goalkeeper. Isolated long balls were played into the opposition's half, with little consequence. For the next 80 minutes there were few serious attempts on goal, e.g. by Wolfgang Dremmler of West Germany. The only Austrian player who seemed to make any effort at livening the game up was Walter Schachner, though he had little success.

This performance was widely deplored by all observers. German ARD commentator Eberhard Stanjek at one point refused to comment on the game any longer. Austrian commentator Robert Seeger bemoaned the spectacle and actually requested that the viewers should switch off their television sets.

Likewise, many spectators were not impressed and voiced their disgust with the players. Chants of "Fuera, fuera" ("Out, out") were screamed by the appalled Spanish crowd, while angry Algerian supporters waved banknotes at the players. The match was criticized even by the German and Austrian fans who had hoped for a hot rematch of the 1978 World Cup match, in which Austria had beaten West Germany; one German fan burned the national flag in protest.[4][5]

Match details[edit]

25 June 1982
17:15 CEST
West Germany  1–0  Austria
Hrubesch Goal 10' (Report)
El Molinón, Gijón
Attendance: 41,000
Referee: Bob Valentine (Scotland)
West Germany
Austria
GK 1 Harald Schumacher
SW 15 Uli Stielike
RB 20 Manfred Kaltz
LB 2 Hans-Peter Briegel
CB 4 Karlheinz Förster
CM 3 Paul Breitner
CM 6 Wolfgang Dremmler
CM 14 Felix Magath
RF 11 Karl-Heinz Rummenigge Substituted off 66'
FW 9 Horst Hrubesch Goal 10' Substituted off 68'
LF 7 Pierre Littbarski
Substitutes:
GK 21 Bernd Franke
GK 22 Eike Immel
DF 5 Bernd Förster
FW 8 Klaus Fischer Substituted in 68'
MF 10 Hansi Müller
DF 12 Wilfried Hannes
FW 13 Uwe Reinders
FW 16 Thomas Allofs
MF 17 Stephan Engels
MF 18 Lothar Matthäus Substituted in 66'
DF 19 Holger Hieronymus
Manager:
Germany Jupp Derwall
GK 1 Friedrich Koncilia
DF 2 Bernd Krauss
DF 3 Erich Obermayer
DF 4 Josef Degeorgi
DF 5 Bruno Pezzey
MF 6 Roland Hattenberger
FW 7 Walter Schachner Booked 32'
MF 8 Herbert Prohaska
FW 9 Hans Krankl
MF 10 Reinhold Hintermaier Booked 32'
DF 19 Heribert Weber
Substitute:
GK 21 Herbert Feurer
GK 22 Klaus Lindenberger
MF 11 Kurt Jara
DF 12 Anton Pichler
DF 13 Max Hagmayr
MF 14 Ernst Baumeister
MF 15 Johann Dihanich
MF 16 Gerald Messlender
MF 17 Johann Pregesbauer
FW 18 Gernot Jurtin
FW 20 Kurt Welzl
Manager:
Austria Felix Latzke & Georg Schmidt

Aftermath[edit]

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 West Germany 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 4
 Austria 3 2 0 1 3 1 +2 4
 Algeria 3 2 0 1 5 5 0 4
 Chile 3 0 0 3 3 8 −5 0

With West Germany's 1–0 victory, they joined Austria and Algeria with four points in three matches. The teams were separated by goal difference, with West Germany and Austria progressing to the next round of the tournament at the expense of Algeria.

It appears that this was a case of spontaneous match-fixing, in which Austria gave up its opportunity to be first in the group (by winning or drawing the match) in exchange for a sure opportunity to advance. The bargaining positions of the two teams was affected by Germany being in danger of elimination if it failed to win, but also being the higher-ability team.[6]

The Algerian football officials were furious and lodged an official protest. However no rules were technically broken as a result of the match, so FIFA declined to take any action or investigation and the outcome was allowed to stand. Both teams denied any collusion during the match.[7]

The Germans made it to the final, where they lost to Italy 3–1. Austria fell at the next group stage, to the benefit of eventual fourth place finishers France.

The direct consequence of the game was that from Euro 1984 and World Cup 1986 onward, the final pair of group matches in international tournaments always start at the same time.[8]

In Euro 2004 Group C, it was alleged that Denmark and Sweden played to a 2–2 tie which saw both teams advance at the expense of Italy, but UEFA refused to investigate.[9][10]

Germany (considered the successor to the West Germany) and Austria met in their final Group B game of UEFA Euro 2008, however this time it was a must-win game for Germany to advance to the knockout stage. Germany won 1-0 in a match that saw managers Joachim Löw and Josef Hickersberger sent to the stands for arguing with the fourth official.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Austria shirt/kits World Cup 1978 and 1982". switchimageproject.com. November 20, 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  2. ^ Spurling, Jon (2010). Death or Glory The Dark History of the World Cup. p. 67. ISBN 978-1905326-80-8. 
  3. ^ Booth, Lawrence; Smyth, Rob (2004-08-10). "What's the dodgiest game in football history?". The Guardian (London). 
  4. ^ "World Cup Tales: The Shame Of Gijon, 1982". London: twohundredpercent. 9 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-30. 
  5. ^ Doyle, Paul (13 June 2010). "The day in 1982 when the world wept for Algeria". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  6. ^ R Caruso (2007), The Economics of Match-Fixing 
  7. ^ Molinaro, John (June 16, 2008). "No agreement between Germany and Austria this time around". CBC Sports. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  8. ^ "The Game that Changed the World Cup — Algeria". algeria.com. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  9. ^ "Uefa will not investigate". BBC Sport. 22 June 2004. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  10. ^ "Italy angry at rivals' draw". BBC Sport. 23 June 2004. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  11. ^ [1]