|• Total||10.61 km2 (4.10 sq mi)|
|Elevation||408 m (1,339 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Ennetbaden, Ehrendingen, Otelfingen, Würenlos, Neuenhof, Baden|
Wettingen (Swiss German: Wettigä) is a residential community in the district of Baden in the Swiss canton of Aargau. With a population about 20,000, Wettingen is the largest municipality in the canton.
Wettingen is located on the right bank of the Limmat river, located in the Limmat Valley (German: Limmattal), before the deep valley in Baden. Most of the town is located on the Wettingerfeld (Wettinger Field), which is a flat plain surrounded on all sides by natural borders: to the south and west by the Limmat, to the north by the steep southern slope of the Lägern, and to the East by the Sulperg (569 m (1,867 ft)). A vineyard is located on a section of the Lägern’s slope. Between the Lägern and the Sulperg is the undeveloped Eigital (Eigi valley). At the Eigital’s west end, in the northeastern section of the Wettingerfeld, is the relatively well-maintained old village center. A small creek flows through the Wettingerfeld and empties into the Limmat at the Gottesgraben. The stream is partially directed, partially buried, and partially re-naturalized.
Wettingen has an area, as of 2006[update], of 10.6 square kilometers (4.1 sq mi). Of this area, 21.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 39.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 37.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.8%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes). The highest elevation is 859 m (2,818 ft) at the Burghorn, a part of the Lägern, and the lowest elevation is 360 m (1,180 ft) at the Limmat.
The neighboring communities are Ennetbaden, Ehrendingen, and Niederweningen to the north. The community of Otelfingen is located to the east (via S-6), Würenlos to the southwest, Neuenhof to the south, and Baden to the west.
Coat of arms
Wettingen has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 20,211. As of 2008[update], 26.3% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 7.7%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (84.2%), with Italian being second most common ( 5.1%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 2.3%).
The age distribution, as of 2008[update], in Wettingen is; 1,678 children or 8.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 1,907 teenagers or 9.7% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 2,595 people or 13.1% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 3,045 people or 15.4% are between 30 and 39, 3,212 people or 16.3% are between 40 and 49, and 2,468 people or 12.5% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 2,101 people or 10.6% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 1,690 people or 8.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 897 people or 4.5% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 164 people or 0.8% who are 90 and older.
As of 2000[update], there were 1,405 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 4,963 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 1,930 homes with 5 or more persons in the household. The average number of people per household was 2.04 individuals. In 2008[update] there were 1,855 single family homes (or 18.6% of the total) out of a total of 9,974 homes and apartments. There were a total of 19 empty apartments for a 0.2% vacancy rate. As of 2007[update], the construction rate of new housing units was 5 new units per 1000 residents.
In Wettingen about 75.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year[update]), there are 1,130 students attending primary school, there are 467 students attending secondary school, there are 495 students attending tertiary or university level schooling in the municipality.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Heritage sites of national significance
As of 2007[update], Wettingen had an unemployment rate of 2.76%. As of 2005[update], there were 102 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 26 businesses involved in this sector. 1,926 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 159 businesses in this sector. 5,087 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 689 businesses in this sector.
As of 2000[update] there were 9,184 total workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 6,625 or about 72.1% of the residents worked outside Wettingen while 4,223 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 6,782 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality. Of the working population, 27.4% used public transportation to get to work, and 40% used a private car.
From the 2000 census[update], 8,662 or 48.5% are Roman Catholic, while 4,814 or 26.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are 40 individuals (or about 0.22% of the population) who belong to the Christian Catholic faith.
The municipality is located on the A3 motorway. Wettingen railway station is a stop of the S-Bahn Zürich on the lines S6 and S12. Together with Baden, it is served by the RVBW bus network, the central garage for which is located in Wettingen. In particular, lines 1, 4, 7 and 8 Pass through Wettingen, and in the rush hour, line 6 extends along the route of line 1.
- Jörg Kühn (1940–1964), wildlife artist and scientific illustrator
- Eduard Spörri (1901–1995), sculptor
- Alberich Zwyssig (1808–1854), composer of the Swiss Psalm (Swiss National anthem)
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 12-February-2010
- Flags of the World.com accessed 12-February-2010
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (German) accessed 20 January 2010
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (German) accessed 20 January 2010
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (German) accessed 20 January 2010
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (German) accessed 20 January 2010
- Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 12-Feb-2010
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (German) accessed 21 January 2010
- Media related to Wettingen at Wikimedia Commons