Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof

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Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof
Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof (2013)
Operations
Category 2[1]
Type Terminus
Platforms in use 10
Daily entry/exit ~ 40.000[2]
DS100 code FW
Station code 6744
Construction and location
Opened 1906
Style of architecture Neo-baroque
Architect Fritz Klingholz
Location Wiesbaden
State Hesse
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
50°4′15″N 8°14′38″E / 50.07083°N 8.24389°E / 50.07083; 8.24389Coordinates: 50°4′15″N 8°14′38″E / 50.07083°N 8.24389°E / 50.07083; 8.24389
Route information
List of railway stations in Hesse

Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof is a railway station for the city of Wiesbaden, the state capital of the German state of Hesse. It is a terminal station at the southern edge of the city centre and is served by over 500 long-distance and regional trains and used by more than 40,000 travelers each day, so it is the second largest station in Hesse after Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 2 station.

History[edit]

Aerial view of the railway station

The current station replaced three stations in the city centre, which were next to each other near the fairground (Rhein-Main-Hallen) and the Wiesbaden Museum. These were:

A fourth railway line was added in 1889, connecting to the Rheinbahnhof, with the opening Langenschwalbach Railway (now the Aar Valley RailwayAartalbahn) from the Rheinbahnhof in Wiesbaden to Bad Schwalbach (then called Langenschwalbach) and later extended to Diez on the Lahn.

The new station building became necessary to handle the growing number of passenger visiting the spa city at that time. It was built from 1904 to 1906 according to the plans of Fritz Klingholz in a flamboyant neo-baroque style that corresponded to an international style of architecture adopted for spa towns. It was also intended to welcome Kaiser Wilhelm II on his visit to the spa every May and a platform was established for him and other aristocrats. The first train ran into the new station on 15 November 1906 around 2:23 a.m. In the station building the relics of the former images of crowned heads, with the faces removed, can still be seen in many places.

The new Hauptbahnhof was located outside the town at the time of its building at the south-eastern end of the then newly constructed ring road (the Kaiser-Friedrich-Ring and the Bismarckring), which runs in an arc to the west of the historic pentagon (Historische Fünfeck) at the centre of Wiesbaden. During the period up to the First World War the town developed towards the new station.

On 25 September 1983, the Hauptbahnhof was affected by the closure of a line. Passenger services were discontinued between Wiesbaden and Bad Schwalbach on the Aar Valley Railway. One of the long-term consequences was the decommissioning and dismantling of station track 11 so that the station now has only 10 tracks.

Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof was extensively refurbished and modernised at a cost of € 25 million between 2003 and 2004. A redesign of the forecourt, costing € 1.5 million, was carried out between mid-2006 and March 2007.[3] The modernisation should have been completed with the opening of the high-speed line to Cologne, but was postponed several times due to lack of funds.[4]

Next door is the Lilien-Carré shopping centre opened in March 2007 on the site of the former main post office.

As part of the economic stimulus package, the train shed roofs have been renovated at a cost of € 35 million since late 2010.[5]

Connection to the Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed line[edit]

Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof is connected to the Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed line by the approximately 13.0 km long Breckenheim–Wiesbaden line opened in 2002.

This line had been subjected to extensive analysis and discussions by 1990. Three options were investigated:

  • an alignment of the main route of the high-speed line through Wiesbaden station. This option was originally premised on the route of the line running generally along the eastern bank of the Rhine, which was rejected after exhaustive investigations. It examined possible connection to the current station:
    • by continuing to serve the terminal station,
    • with the construction of a new underground station deep near the existing station area, running north–south, and
    • with the construction of a new underground station, running east-west;
  • an alignment on the eastern outskirts of Wiesbaden, with sub-variants with or without the construction of a new station. Possible station sites were tested in the Hainerberg district (more than a kilometre east of the Hauptbahnhof), near Wiesbaden Ost station and east of the Bierstadt district. Only in the case of Wiesbaden Ost was a link to the S-Bahn possible and in all three cases connections to public transport (especially buses) would have had to be changed.
  • an alignment along the A3 to the east of Wiesbaden.

The option of running under the Wiesbaden city area with a station on a north-south orientation was dismissed. Overall, this option required an ascending 10.2 km tunnel. Also rejected was the east-west option as it would have required a tunnel that was located 30 to 100 m below the water table. The high pressure of ground water under parts of the city of Wiesbaden made this extremely difficult. Test bores on the route of the postulated tunnel found material that was penetrated by debris.[6]

In August 1991, the state of Hesse, the city of Wiesbaden and the Deutsche Bundesbahn agreed to a ground-level connection running from the Hauptbahnhof via a link to the east to the new line. The realised Wiesbadener Kreuz (Wiesbaden Cross) option was accessed as having the best cost-benefit ratio. A major argument put forward in the assessment report was that the best way by far of generating passenger traffic would be a connection to the existing station and that only at Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof would it be possible to give comprehensive access to public transport. Furthermore, the option largely agreed with the route promoted by nature conservation and environmental groups.[6]

A proposed branch off the link along the A 66 and connecting to the high-speed line towards Frankfurt, which would be served only by regional services has not been realized.[6] As part of the connection to the new line, a platform in Wiesbaden station was extended to the length of long ICE trains. The cost of € 1.7 million were funded by the federal government.[7]

Patronage of services on the line have been disappointing and services have been cut back from the those originally operating so that there are now only two services each way on week days only.

Architecture[edit]

Train shed
Entrance hall to royal pavilion (now destroyed) on track 1

The station building is connected to a five-span train-shed, originally with eleven tracks (now only ten are in operation), which are located in front of a broad vaulted concourse that extends eastward beyond the train-shed and at right angles to it to a vaulted lobby to the east of platform track 1.

The exterior is formed of red sandstone and has rich Baroque Revival forms. The highlight is the lobby on the eastern side, which has a 40 metre high clock tower with a curved canopy. The former entrance on the western side is surmounted by a copper dome. The roof is adorned with green tiles.

The interior of the building is formed of yellow sandstone, in contrast to the exterior. The roof over the actual platform area consists of steel and glass.

During its renovation in 2004, the station was largely restored to its original appearance. The monumental nature of the concourse is now restored to its full advantage as distracting objects have been removed.

Rail services[edit]

Station tracks, south side

It is served by the following long-distance services:

Line Route Frequency
ICE 42 WiesbadenMainzWormsMannheimStuttgartUlmAugsburgMunich One pair
ICE 20/ICE22 Wiesbaden – Mainz – Frankfurt – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Göttingen - Hannover – Hamburg-Altona  One pair
ICE 45 Stuttgart – Vaihingen (Enz)Heidelberg – Mannheim – Mainz – WiesbadenLimburg SüdMontabaurSiegburg/BonnCologne/Bonn AirportCologneDüsseldorfDuisburgEssenBochumDortmund Two pairs
ICE 50 Wiesbaden – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt – FuldaEisenachErfurtLeipzig (– Dresden) Every 2 hours
ICE 50 Wiesbaden – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt – Fulda – Eisenach – Erfurt – Leipzig – Lutherstadt WittenbergBerlin One pair
IC 30 Wiesbaden – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Vaihingen (Enz) – Stuttgart Every Saturday
RJ Wiesbaden – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Ulm – Augsburg – Munich – SalzburgLinzSt. PöltenViennaBudapest Every Saturday
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus ICE 20
towards Kiel Hbf
towards Cologne Hbf
ICE 45
towards Stuttgart Hbf
Terminus ICE 50

Regional trains[edit]

The station is served by the following regional services:

Line Route Frequency
SE 10 RheingauLinie
NeuwiedKoblenz StadtmitteKoblenzRüdesheim (Rhein)WiesbadenFrankfurt
Hourly
(+ an extra peak hour service)
RB 21 Ländchesbahn
(Limburg (Lahn)Bad Camberg –) NiedernhausenWiesbaden-IgstadtWiesbaden
(Half) hourly
RB 75 Rhein-Main-Bahn
WiesbadenMainzBischofsheimGroß GerauWeiterstadtDarmstadtDieburgBabenhausenAschaffenburg
Hourly
(+ an extra peak hour service)
RB Excursion train (Nahetalbahn)
WiesbadenMainzBad KreuznachIdar-ObersteinTürkismühle (every Sunday from May to October)
Individual services
Preceding station   VIAS   Following station
toward Neuwied
SE 10
RheingauLinie
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus RB 75
Rhine-Main Railway
Preceding station   vectus Verkehrsgesellschaft   Following station
RB 21
Ländches Railway
Terminus

S-Bahn[edit]

The station is the terminus of three lines of the Rhine-Main S-Bahn:

Line Route Frequency
S1Frankfurt S1.svg WiesbadenMainz-KastelHattersheim (Main)Frankfurt-HöchstFrankfurt Hbf (underground)Offenbach OstRödermark - Ober-Roden Half hourly
S8Frankfurt S8.svg Wiesbaden – Mainz – BischofsheimRüsselsheimFrankfurt Airport – Frankfurt Hbf (underground) – Offenbach Ost (– Mühlheim (Main)Hanau) Half hourly
S9Frankfurt S9.svg Wiesbaden – Mainz-Kastel – Bischofsheim – Rüsselsheim – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt Hbf (underground) – Offenbach (Main) Ost – Mühlheim (Main) – Hanau Hbf Half hourly
Preceding station   Rhine-Main S-Bahn   Following station
Terminus S1Frankfurt S1.svg
S8Frankfurt S8.svg
toward Hanau Hbf
S9Frankfurt S9.svg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stationspreisliste 2014" [Station price list 2014] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "In neuem Glanz" (in German). www.mobil.de. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Wiesbadens neuer Bahnhofsvorplatz ist fertig gestellt" (Press release) (in German). Deutsche Bahn. 26 March 2007. 
  4. ^ "Umbau des Wiesbadener Hauptbahnhofs verschoben". Eisenbahn-Kurier (in German) (345): 9. June 2001. ISSN 0170-5288. 
  5. ^ "Deutsche Bahn saniert für 35 Millionen Euro Hallendächer des Wiesbadener Hauptbahnhofes" (Press release) (in German). DB Mobility Logistics AG. 22 November 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c Walter Engels, Wilfried Zieße (1991). "Die Neubaustrecke Köln–Rhein/Main - eine Zwischenbilanz". Die Bundesbahn (in German) (Darmstadt) (10): 965–975. ISSN 0007-5876. 
  7. ^ "Bahn soll 1,7 Millionen Euro zurückzahlen". Wiesbadener Tagblatt (in German). 7 November 2008. 

External links[edit]