Yaroslav of Tver

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Yaroslav III Yaroslavich
Spouse(s) NN
Xenia of Tarusa
Noble family Rurikid Dynasty
Father Yaroslav II of Vladimir
Mother Fedosia Igorevna
Born 1230
Died 1271

Yaroslav III Yaroslavich (1230–1271) (Russian: Ярослав Ярославич) was the first Prince of Tver and the tenth Grand Prince of Vladimir from 1264 to 1271. Yaroslav and his son Mikhail Yaroslavich presided over Tver's transformation from a sleepy village into one of the greatest centres of power in medieval Russia. All the later dukes of Tver descended from Yaroslav Yaroslavich.

He was a son of Yaroslav II and younger brother of Alexander Nevsky. In 1247, while still a minor, he received from his uncle the town of Tver.

In 1252, Yaroslav and his brother Andrey seized Alexander's capital, Pereslavl-Zalessky. Reinforced by Tatar units, Alexander presently fought it back, taking prisoner Yaroslav's children and leaving his wife as a casualty on the field of battle. Yaroslav fled to Ladoga whence he was summoned by Novgorodians to succeed Alexander as their military commander. In 1258 he visited the khan's capital in Sarai, and two years later led the Novgorod army against the Teutonic Knights.

Upon Alexander's death in 1263, Yaroslav quarrelled with Andrey as to who should become Grand Duke next. They went to the Golden Horde for arbitration, which was in favour of Yaroslav. The latter, however, settled in Novgorod and married a daughter of one local boyar. Various Novgorodian factions still conspired against him and sought to place his brother Vasily of Kostroma or Alexander's son Dmitri of Pereslavl on the throne.

In 1270, the armies of three princes stood for a week near the town of Staraya Russa, ready for battle. The metropolitan, however, managed to reconcile them. Yaroslav, on surrendering Novgorod to his nephew, accompanied him to Sarai. He died on his way back to Tver on 9 September 1271 and was succeeded in Tver by his eldest son Svyatoslav and then by a more famous one, Mikhail Yaroslavich.

See also[edit]

Yaroslav of Tver
Born: 1230 Died: 1271
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Alexander Nevsky
Grand Prince of Vladimir
1263–1271
Succeeded by
Vasily of Kostroma
Preceded by
Vasily Alexandrovich
Prince of Novgorod
1255–1256
Succeeded by
Vasily Alexandrovich
Preceded by
Dmitry of Pereslavl
Prince of Novgorod
1266–1267
Succeeded by
Yuri Bogolyubsky
New division Prince of Tver
1247–1271
Succeeded by
Sviatoslav Svyatoslavich