Yorkshire County Cricket Club

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Yorkshire County Cricket Club
Yorkshire County Cricket Club logo.svg
One-day name: Yorkshire Vikings
Second XI: Yorkshire Colts
Captain: England Andrew Gale
Coach: Australia Jason Gillespie
Founded: 1863
Home ground: Headingley Carnegie Cricket Ground, Leeds
Capacity: 20,000
First-class debut: Surrey
in 1863
at The Oval
Championship wins: 32 (including 1 shared)
Pro40 wins: 1
FP Trophy wins: 3
Twenty20 Cup wins: 0
Official website: www.yorkshireccc.com

Yorkshire County Cricket Club represents the historic county of Yorkshire as one of the 18 major county clubs which make up the English and Welsh domestic cricket structure.

Yorkshire are the most successful team in English cricketing history with 32 County Championship titles, including 1 shared. The team's most recent Championship title was in 2014, their first such victory since 2001. Yorkshire currently plays in the County Championship Division One. The club's limited-overs side are called the Yorkshire Vikings (formerly Yorkshire Carnegie and Yorkshire Phoenix), whose current (2014 onwards) kit colours are purple, black and yellow with Mazars as the main sponsor.

Yorkshire plays most of its home games at the Headingley Carnegie Cricket Ground, Leeds. The club has another significant venue at North Marine Road, Scarborough, which houses the annual Scarborough Festival. Yorkshire has also played games around the county at various locations, most notably at Bramall Lane, Sheffield, which was the club's original home. Other main venues have been Horton Park Avenue, Bradford; St George's Road Cricket Ground, Harrogate; The Circle, Kingston upon Hull; and Acklam Park, Middlesbrough.

History[edit]

Earliest cricket in Yorkshire[edit]

For information about Yorkshire cricket before the county club was founded, see: Sheffield Cricket Club

The earliest certain reference to cricket in Yorkshire dates from 1751 when local matches were held in Sheffield and a game took place on or soon after Monday, 5 August at Stanwick, near Richmond, between the Duke of Cleveland’s XI and Earl of Northumberland’s XI; the same teams having earlier played a game at Durham.[1]

Sheffield Cricket Club was probably formed about this time and there are references to Sheffield matches in Derbyshire in 1757 and at Leeds in 1761.[1] A club was formed in York in 1784.[2] Bedale in North Yorkshire was a noted centre in the early 19th century.[3] But cricket in most rural areas was slow to develop.[4] Yorkshire cricket became centred around Sheffield, where it was more organised than in the rest of the county.[4]

From 1771, Sheffield played semi-regular matches against Nottingham Cricket Club.[5] Nottingham was generally the better side and Sheffield sometimes played with more players to give them a greater chance of victory.[6] Nevertheless, the Sheffield player Tom Marsden was regarded as one of the leading players in the country in the 1820s.[6]

Cricket increased in popularity after a trial match was played at the purpose-built Darnall ground in Sheffield to evaluate the new style of roundarm bowling.[7] After this match, many new cricket clubs were formed in the county.[8]

In 1833, a team called "Yorkshire", albeit containing 11 Sheffield players, appeared for the first time, in a game against Norfolk at the Hyde Park Ground in Sheffield.[9] The name may have arisen from a need to match the status of Norfolk, a county rather than a city. There were some differences to the organisation of the Sheffield team as the side contained three amateurs while Sheffield teams were entirely professional.[10] This Yorkshire team played an increasing number of fixtures over the following years, including matches against Sussex, Manchester Cricket Club, Kent and, for the first time in 1849, Lancashire.[11] At this time, Lancashire was an informal name used by the Manchester club. A Yorkshire side continued to play until 1862 but was not organised in any formal way.[4] By 1855, the team was playing at Bramall Lane.[11]

Origin of club[edit]

A man in a striped shirt and a bowler hat standing with his arms folded looking off camera.
Roger Iddison, the first captain of Yorkshire: he led the team until 1872.

On 7 March 1861, during a meeting at the Adelphi Hotel in Sheffield, a Match Fund Committee was established to run Yorkshire county matches. The committee was made up from the management committee of the Bramall Lane ground and representatives from clubs willing to pay £1 to the fund.[12] But the committee was unable to persuade other clubs that it was not seeking to promote Sheffield cricket and a lack of funds prevented some matches being played in 1862.

By this time, there were several cricketers with good reputations and the county team was one of the strongest in England.[12] Consequently, on 8 January 1863, Yorkshire County Cricket Club was formed. Membership was unlimited and cost a minimum of 10s and 6d.[12] Like most first-class cricket clubs of the time, Yorkshire relied on private patronage with administrators "paying to serve" and "moneyed enthusiasts" acting as ready match sponsors.[13] The majority of players were freelance professionals who were paid a usual match fee of £5, from which all travel and accommodation had to be paid.[13] Travel could be arduous, living away from home could be "rough" and sometimes the match fee was not enough to cover expenses, especially if, as was often a problem with early Yorkshire cricketers, "the ale-house was a temptation".[14]

The first Club President was T. R. Barker, Mayor of Sheffield, although he probably never attended any meetings. Michael Ellison was the first Treasurer and at some point early in Yorkshire's history, he assumed the Presidency.[12] However, most official accounts record Ellison as Yorkshire's first President.[15] Joseph B. Wostinholm became the first of four long-serving secretaries in 1864.[12] The first Captain was Roger Iddison, a professional cricketer.[16]

The objective of the Club was to play matches "either in Sheffield or in any other towns of the county according as arrangements may be made."[12] However, other locations in Yorkshire were unable or unwilling to host fixtures in the first years of the club, and Bradford and York continued to attempt to organise games in competition with Yorkshire, sometimes causing confusion among other counties.[17] Attempts to form an alternative Yorkshire team continued intermittently until 1884,[18] although by 1873, most clubs accepted the authority of the Sheffield-based county club.[19]

1863–1882[edit]

A cricketer holding a ball posing before a painted backdrop of a field
George Freeman, a key factor in Yorkshire's success in the late 1860s, played for the team mainly between 1865 and 1870, taking 209 wickets in 32 matches.[20]

Yorkshire played its initial first-class match against Surrey at The Oval on 4, 5 and 6 June 1863. Surrey scored 315 runs, to which Yorkshire replied with 257. Surrey were bowled out for 60 before the match was drawn.[21][22] The team recorded their first win in the following match against the strong Nottinghamshire team and although they lost the return match, won two and lost only one of the four matches played in their first season.[23] In 1864, the team won two and lost four of seven matches.[24]

In 1865, the Club and players became involved in a dispute. Five players — Roger Iddison, George Anderson, George Atkinson, Joseph Rowbotham and Ned Stephenson — refused to play against Surrey.[13] This concerned a controversy that arose in 1862 when Iddison and Anderson played for an All-England team against Surrey at The Oval and the Kent bowler Edgar Willsher was repeatedly no-balled for using an overarm action by an umpire whom, they claimed, had been appointed by Surrey specifically for that purpose.[13] Anderson stated in 1865 that he "would not play against those who have combined to sweep us from the cricket field altogether if they could".[13]

The dispute was about a point of principle and centred on the right of bowlers to use an overarm action, which had been legalised ahead of the 1864 season.[25] Consequently, with several important players missing, Yorkshire did not win a game in 1865 and were forced to cancel some matches for the 1866 season. The Yorkshire Committee and the players came to an understanding in early 1867 after the players apologised, but Anderson never represented the county again.[26]

With the player dispute resolved, Yorkshire won all seven of their matches in 1867, defeating Surrey, Lancashire and Cambridgeshire.[27] As a result, the sporting press proclaimed Yorkshire to be the "Champion County" for the first time.[28] The following year, John Thewlis scored the first century for Yorkshire in first-class cricket, against Surrey at The Oval;[19] in 1869, Joseph Rowbotham became the first man to score two centuries in a season for Yorkshire.[29] Yorkshire won four games in both 1868 and 1869; one sports publication regarded Yorkshire as equal champions in the latter year.[30][31] The team won six out of seven in 1870 to be acclaimed as Champion County again.[32] Much of Yorkshire's success in these years came from the bowling combination of George Freeman and Tom Emmett.[33][34]

Following Freeman's retirement from regular cricket after 1870, Yorkshire declined, winning fewer games in 1871 and 1872 as Gloucestershire rose to a position of dominance in County Cricket, driven by the success of W. G. Grace and his brothers. Conscious of the need to strengthen the Club, Yorkshire instituted a Colts team of young players,[35] but replaced Iddison as captain at the end of the 1872 season. Rowbotham, another professional, assumed the position.[36] For the 1873 season, county cricket moved a step closer towards an organised competition when the counties agreed qualification rules for players to be eligible for a team; for many years, this was considered to be start of the County Championship. However, the counties did not organise a formal competition and the "Champion County" was still decided by the press; some publications disagreed.[37]

The Yorkshire team in 1875 was captained by Joseph Rowbotham. Back row: G. Martin (umpire), John Thewlis. Middle row: George Pinder, George Ulyett, Tom Armitage, Joseph Rowbotham, Allen Hill, Andrew Greenwood. Front row: Tom Emmett, John Hicks, Ephraim Lockwood, Charlie Ullathorne.[38]

Despite containing a side with effective players, Yorkshire did not perform as well as expected over the next seasons. The bowling attack was strong, the team contained some experienced players and critics believed Ephraim Lockwood to be the best professional batsman in the country.[39] In 1873, Yorkshire won seven games and lost five and for the following season, Luke Greenwood replaced Rowbotham as captain.[40] The team had an improved record, but although second only to Gloucestershire, Yorkshire lost heavily in both encounters between the teams.[note 1][42] Greenwood retired, Rowbotham resumed the captaincy for 1875,[42] and Lockwood took over in 1876.[43] The team did not perform particularly well in either season,[44] but their worst performance came in 1877, winning two games — but none of the last ten — and losing seven.[45] This placed them eighth out of nine counties.[46]

Tom Emmett then took over as Captain, but the following two seasons brought mixed results as the team displayed inconsistency, often losing to teams they should comfortably have beaten.[47] Derek Hodgson, in his official county history, suggests a lack of discipline in the team throughout these years was to blame; contemporary reports suggested the team drank too much alcohol to be effective.[46] The players also suffered from public attention, receiving generous hospitality at times which impacted on their performances.[48] In these seasons, the team often began well only to lose form later in the season and the Yorkshire committee was reluctant to replace the experienced cricketers with younger players. However, off the field, Yorkshire became increasingly successful, and the profits made by the Club paid for improvements to be made to the Bramall Lane Ground and increased player wages through the introduction of travelling expenses and talent money where good performances were financially rewarded.[41] An influx of what proved to be effective new players saw Yorkshire finish second to Lancashire in the unofficial Championship for 1881, but more significant was the debut for the county of Lord Hawke, then aged 21.[49]

The team faded again in 1882 and Hawke, who had refused the captaincy earlier, was appointed Club Captain at the end of the season, the first amateur to hold this position.[50] Previous captains had all been professionals: Roger Iddison (1863–72), Joseph Rowbotham (1873 and 1875), Luke Greenwood (1874), Ephraim Lockwood (1876–77) and Tom Emmett (1878–82). Hawke remained in charge for 28 seasons until 1910, during which time the team won eight County Championships.[51]

1883–1918[edit]

A painting of a cricketer sitting in a chair wearing a striped blazer.
Caricature of Lord Hawke by Spy, first published in Vanity Fair on 24 September 1892 with the caption "Yorkshire Cricket".

In an obituary tribute, the editor of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack said that Lord Hawke's "strength of character was tested" when, as a young man on leaving Cambridge, he undertook the responsibility of captaining the Yorkshire side, composed at that time of "elements that were not entirely harmonious". Owing to Hawke's "tact, judgment and integrity", he moulded the Eleven into "the best and probably the most united county cricket team in England".[52]

Yorkshire to 1883 was widely seen as an idiosyncratic team and, though Hawke's primary task as captain was to lead the team to fulfilment of its potential, his biggest challenge was to unite the club's geographical and social factions.[53] At the end of the 1882 season, in addition to appointing Hawke as captain, the committee agreed to reorganise itself for the first time since the club's foundation and began a process which eventually made the club representative of the whole county and not just Sheffield.[54]

Hawke succeeded Emmett in 1883 and remained as official captain for 27 years, but at first he was careful to take his time and did not make too many changes. Yorkshire improved in 1883 and finished second behind Nottinghamshire in the unofficial County Championship.[55][56] However, the remainder of the 1880s was disappointing for the team and its supporters. Kilburn said that Yorkshire "continued to be an unreliable side, mingling brilliant achievement with miserable performance".[57] The basic problem was that the older players were past their peak while younger replacements did not make the progress expected.[58][59] A poor season on the field in 1889 was reflected by reduced income and changes were made with several good new players being introduced.[60] These included Jack Brown, David Hunter and Stanley Jackson, while Bobby Peel was becoming increasingly effective as a bowling all-rounder.[60][61] They were followed by John Tunnicliffe, David Denton, Ted Wainwright and George Hirst. Hawke worked on fielding practice and the players became specialised and efficient as fielders.[62]

In 1893, the club's initial reorganisation was completed and was finalised after Ellison died in 1898 and Hawke assumed the club presidency as well as captaincy.[63] When Wostinholm died in 1902 after being club secretary for 38 years, the county offices were moved from Sheffield to the more central location of Leeds.[64]

It was in 1893 that the team finally came good and Yorkshire won their first official County Championship. Hodgson wrote that it was "perhaps ... the first confirmation of Hawke's striving for teamwork and discipline".[65] Yorkshire achieved second and third places in 1894 and 1895.[66] The team continued to develop as Brown and Tunnicliffe established an effective opening partnership backed up by Denton and Jackson while Peel, Wainwright and Hirst carried the bowling attack.[62]

Yorkshire historian R.S. Holmes described Yorkshire as "prodigious" in 1896, when they won their second title with some outstanding batting performances including a championship record total of 887 against Warwickshire.[62] Hawke began the practice of paying the professionals over the winter, initially £2 per week; the scheme was later modified to include bonuses.[67] Peel was sacked in 1897 after appearing drunk on the field and was replaced in 1898 by Wilfred Rhodes, who took 141 wickets in his debut season.[68] In the same season, Brown and Tunnicliffe established a record partnership for the first wicket when they scored 554 against Derbyshire at Chesterfield. Yorkshire won their third Championship in 1898 and narrowly failed in 1899 when only a defeat late in the season by Kent prevented the retention of the title.[69]

A cricketer about to bowl
Wilfred Rhodes made his debut in 1898 and went on to take a record 3,598 wickets for Yorkshire.

Between 1900 and 1902, Yorkshire lost only twice in the County Championship, both times to Somerset, and won the County Championship in all three seasons largely thanks to their two outstanding all-rounders Hirst and Rhodes.[70] When Joseph Wolstinholm retired as club secretary after the 1902 season, he was succeeded by Frederick Toone who held the post until his death in June 1930 and formed a successful liaison with Hawke. Toone and Hawke worked together to improve the terms and conditions of professional players' contracts. To 1914, they were paid £5 for a home match and £6 for an away match with a £1 win bonus. Players who had received their county cap were obliged to join the Cricketers' Friendly Society and were paid a winter wage of £2 a week.[71]

Yorkshire remained a strong championship contender through the 1903 to 1914 seasons and won a further three titles in this period, also finishing as runners-up three times.[63] They won their seventh title in 1905 after being third and second in 1903 and 1904 respectively. In 1906, George Hirst achieved a unique "double-double" by scoring 2,385 runs and taking 208 wickets.[63] The 1906 championship was decided on the last day of the season. Yorkshire lost to Gloucestershire by a single run and were overtaken by Kent, who won their last match against Hampshire by an innings. Having finished third in 1907, Yorkshire went through the 1908 season unbeaten and bowled Northamptonshire out for 27 and 15, the aggregate score of 42 being the lowest in English first-class cricket.[72] Yorkshire finished third in 1909 but then dropped to eighth and seventh in the next two seasons before a recovery in 1912 brought their last title before the First World War. While Hirst, Rhodes and Denton continued to excel, Yorkshire gained much in the last four years before the war from two new all-rounders, Major Booth and Alonzo Drake, both of whom were an outstanding success.[73] Another newcomer was Arthur Dolphin, who replaced the retired David Hunter as first-choice wicketkeeper.[74] In 1913 and the unfinished 1914 season, Yorkshire finished second and fourth. Lord Hawke played only a few matches in 1909 and formally resigned as captain in 1910.[74] He was succeeded by Everard Radcliffe, who held the post until the end of the 1911 season; and then by Sir Archibald White, who led the team until the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914.[75]

1919–1945[edit]

Yorkshire won the first post-war Championship in 1919, a year which saw the debuts of Herbert Sutcliffe and Emmott Robinson, and remained a dominant force in the County Championship until the Second World War. They won every year from 1922 to 1925 and seven more times in the 1930s. The team won 25 games in 1923, for instance, with Rhodes and Roy Kilner doing the double in these matches alone, while four other batsmen scored 1,000 runs and three other bowlers, including George Macaulay, took 100 wickets.

Wilfred Rhodes retired in 1930, taking 73 wickets and scoring 478 runs in his final season at the age of 53. J. M. Kilburn wrote in the Yorkshire Post: "He had bowled at W.G. Grace, and he bowled at Don Bradman. At 20, at 30, at 40 and at 50 he had shown himself master of his world, and his kingdom was never usurped." Rhodes was replaced by Hedley Verity, another skilful slow left armer. Percy Holmes and Sutcliffe had a record opening stand of 555 against Essex at Leyton in 1932. Len Hutton began his career in the 1930s.

1946–1970[edit]

Large crowds flocked to the cricket after the Second World War with 47,000 people attending the 3 days of the Roses Match at Bramall Lane in 1946. Yorkshire won the first post-war Championship. New players after the war included spinner Johnny Wardle, all-rounder Brian Close and fast bowler Fred Trueman. Another newcomer Bob Appleyard became the first bowler to take 200 wickets in his first full season in 1951. The 1950s were dominated by Surrey, who won seven successive championships. Yorkshire had internal problems which were resolved before the 1959 season in which Yorkshire recovered the title under Ronnie Burnet.

The 1960s saw a new Yorkshire team emerge that dominated English cricket. Brian Close was made captain in 1963 and won the Championship in his first season. The team included Fred Trueman, all-rounder Ray Illingworth, wicket-keeper Jimmy Binks and Test batsmen Geoffrey Boycott, Doug Padgett, Phil Sharpe and John Hampshire. The team began to break up after winning a third successive title in 1968 and Close was controversially sacked in 1970.

1971–2000[edit]

There followed a long-running current of unrest in the club. There was sadness too in 1973 when Bramall Lane, the first home of Yorkshire CCC, was closed to cricket after over 400 first class matches and was converted into a specialist football stadium.

Geoff Boycott captained Yorkshire for most of the 1970s, but success eluded the team even when Boycott left Test cricket for three years to concentrate on the county game. He was sacked as captain amid much furore after the 1978 season. Ray Illingworth returned from Leicestershire as team manager and, in 1982 at the age of 50, took over the captaincy. Yorkshire finished bottom of the 17-strong County Championship for the first time in 1983 but won the John Player (later National) League for the first time. There was further controversy when Boycott was not offered a new contract. The outcome of this was that the general committee resigned and Boycott, having already been elected to the new committee, was reinstalled as a player. Meanwhile, Brian Close became chairman of the cricket committee. Success continued to elude Yorkshire although Phil Carrick led the team to a Benson and Hedges Cup triumph in 1987.

Yorkshire put themselves at a disadvantage from 1968 until 1992 by insisting that all its players must have been born within the historic county boundaries of Yorkshire while all the other county teams strengthened themselves by signing overseas Test players. In 1992, the birth qualification rule was first modified to include those educated within the county, a dispensation that allowed Michael Vaughan to play; and was then abandoned altogether. Yorkshire's first overseas player that season was 19-year old Sachin Tendulkar.

2001 to present[edit]

Yorkshire finally won the County Championship again in 2001 when the captain was David Byas. Yorkshire have had mixed success in the first decade of the 21st century but finished a close third in the 2010 championship under Andrew Gale.

There had for many years been a controversial issue about the apparent inability of players from Yorkshire's large ethnic minority population to make their way at the club. Tendulkar was the first Asian player to represent Yorkshire, but he was an overseas player. It was not until 2003 that Dewsbury's Ismail Dawood became the first British-born Asian to play for Yorkshire. He was followed by Ajmal Shahzad and Adil Rashid who have both represented England. In 2007, Azeem Rafiq as a member of Yorkshire's academy team became the first player of an Asian background to captain England at any level when he was appointed U15s captain.[76] In the summer of 2012, Rafiq stepped in for the injured Andrew Gale to captain the team in 6 T20 matches, becoming the first player of Asia origin to lead the county, as well as the youngest captain in the clubs history.[77]

The club were relegated at the end of a disappointing 2011 season, leading to major restructuring in the coaching staff, with former Yorkshire and Australia player Jason Gillespie brought in as coach.[78]

After regaining promotion swiftly, Gillespie set about revamping the side, enticing Ryan Sidebottom to return to his home county, as well as signing Jack Brooks and Liam Plunkett, allowing Yorkshire to build a fearsome pace attack. With the excellent batting of Gary Ballance, Alex Lees and Adam Lyth, coupled with the signing of New Zealand's Kane Williamson as overseas player, Yorkshire took Durham to the last game of the season in chasing the title in 2013, eventually finishing runners up.[79]

In 2014, in a bid to regain a domestic trophy, and as a major statement of intent, Yorkshire announced the signing of Australian opening batsman Aaron Finch to join the side for the domestic NatWest t20 Blast competition, and fill in for Kane Williamson during the county matches he is away with New Zealand.[80] Finch, who hit a world record 156 off 63 balls in an international T20 for Australia, is widely regarded as one of the best and most explosive T20 batsmen around. Although Yorkshire were unable to progress past the Group Stages of the T20 Blast, they sealed their 32nd County Championship title with a game to spare with victory over Nottinghamshire at Trent Bridge on 12 September 2014.[81]

Badge and colours[edit]

Lord Hawke, in the early days of his captaincy, designed the white rose badge. Copying the idea from Lancashire, who already had adopted the red rose as a symbol, Hawke designed a rose which, unlike Lancashire's, was not a real flower. He created a rose with eleven petals, to represent the eleven players of the team, based on the hedge rose. Only players who had received their county cap were allowed to wear the badge. It was not until the 1980s it was allowed by the committee to be placed on merchandise as a marketing device.[82]

Yorkshire's club colours are dark blue, light blue and yellow. These are knitted in bands forming the v-neck of each player's sweater.

Ground history[edit]

Headingley – East Stand

As with all county cricket clubs, Yorkshire CCC represents the historic county and not any modern or current administrative unit. In Yorkshire's case, this means the three ridings and the City of York, although the club played some home matches outside the historic borders at Sheffield's Abbeydale Park, historically part of Derbyshire, from 1974 to 1996.[83][84]

Yorkshire first played at North Marine Road, Scarborough in the 1878 season. This remains the venue for the annual Scarborough Festival matches.

The club was founded on 8 January 1863 in the Adelphi Hotel, Sheffield and was initially based at Bramall Lane. Headingley was first established in 1888 and Test cricket was first played there in 1899, eight years later than it hosted its inaugural first-class match when Yorkshire played Kent in 1891, the year in which the club's headquarters moved there. The "out grounds" in Hull, Sheffield, Bradford, Middlesbrough and Harrogate were used with great success until the 1970s.

Headingley – West Stand

On 31 December 2005, Yorkshire County Cricket Club purchased the Headingley cricket ground for £12 million from the Leeds Cricket, Football and Athletic Company, parent company of the Leeds rugby league club, with the help of a £9 million loan from Leeds City Council. This purchase ensures that Test cricket continues at the venue with a 15-year staging agreement. On 11 January 2006, the stadium was officially renamed the Headingley Carnegie Stadium as a result of sponsorship from Leeds Metropolitan University and the club announced plans on 11 January 2006 to rebuild the stand next to the rugby ground with 3,000 extra seats, taking capacity to 20,000.[85] The club also announced plans to redevelop the Winter shed (North) stand on 25 August 2006 providing a £12.5 million pavilion complex.[86]

This following table gives details of every venue at which Yorkshire have hosted a first-class, List A cricket or Twenty20 match:

Name of ground Location Year FC
matches
LA
matches
T20
matches
Total
Headingley Leeds 1891–present 424 247 44 716
Bramall Lane Sheffield 1863–1973 391 5 396
Park Avenue Bradford 1881–1996 306 48 354
North Marine Road Scarborough 1874–present 244 87 2 333
The Circle Kingston upon Hull 1899–1990 88 19 107
St George's Road Harrogate 1894–2000 91 5 96
Fartown Huddersfield 1873–1982 72 9 81
Acklam Park Middlesbrough 1956–1996 45 24 69
Abbeydale Park Sheffield 1974–1996 41 12 53
Dewsbury and Savile Dewsbury 1867–1933 43 43
Great Horton Road Bradford 1863–1874 8 8
Thrum Hall Halifax 1888–1897 4 4
Shaw Lane Barnsley 1975–1978 4 4
Recreation Ground Holbeck 1968–1986 3 3
Swatter's Carr Middlesbrough 1864–1867 2 2
Woodhouse Hill Hunslet 1869 1 1
College Grove Wakefield 1878 1 1
Town Cricket Club Ground Kingston upon Hull 1879 1 1
Linthorpe Road West Middlesbrough 1882 1 1
Hall Park Ground Horsforth 1885 1 1
Wigginton Road York 1890 1 1
Saville Park Castleford 1967 1 1
Source:Cricket Archive
Updated: 26 October 2012

Support and rivalries[edit]

Yorkshire's quintessential rivalry is with Lancashire via the Roses Match. The import of this match reached a peak during the inter-war period when, for many years, Yorkshire and Lancashire were the dominant teams in English cricket. The writings of Neville Cardus at this time were instrumental in emphasising the sense of rivalry between the two teams.

Brand, ownership, finances and sponsorship[edit]

Yorkshire County Cricket Club was founded in 1863 and is owned by its members who have elected various officials including the club's General Committee which existed until 2002 when it was replaced by a Board of Management headed by a chief executive. In 2011, Ray Illingworth holds the office of Club President while board members are Colin Graves (chairman), Geoff Boycott, Robin Smith, Gareth Davies and Martin Farrington. Liz Neto acts as PA to the board and there are a number of departmental directors and managers heading such functions as sales, finance, stadium facilities, administration, catering, hospitality, marketing and sponsorship.[87]

The once-influential post of Club Secretary effectively ceased in 2002 although the club did have a company secretary for three years. That function has now disappeared under the broader structure and the present secretary as such is the personal assistant (PA) to the board members.

Like all county clubs, Yorkshire relies heavily on sponsorship and numerous companies have formed deals with the club over many years. Colin Graves is the ex-chairman of Costcutter and this has been one of the main sponsors for several years. Costcutter is an "official partner", as are Aunt Bessie's, Henderson Insurance Brokers, Gray-Nicolls, Welcome to Yorkshire, KCOM Group,[88] Wensleydale Creamery and shirt sponsor JCT600.[89] Other levels of sponsorship are "secondary partner"[90] President's Business Club members and player sponsor, all of which have attracted numerous participants.[91]

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

  • No. denotes the player's squad number, as worn on the back of their shirt.
  • double-dagger denotes players with international caps.
  •   *  denotes a player who has been awarded a county cap.
No. Name Nationality Birth date Batting Style Bowling Style Notes
Batsmen
5 Joe Rootdouble-dagger  England (1990-12-30) 30 December 1990 (age 23) Right-handed Right arm off break England central contract
9 Adam Lyth*  England (1987-09-25) 25 September 1987 (age 27) Left-handed Right arm medium
12 Jonathan Tattersall  England (1994-12-15) 15 December 1994 (age 20) Right-handed Right arm leg break
14 Alex Lees*  England (1993-04-14) 14 April 1993 (age 21) Left-handed Right arm leg break
19 Gary Ballancedouble-dagger  England (1989-11-22) 22 November 1989 (age 25) Left-handed Right arm leg break England central contract
26 Andrew Gale*  England (1983-11-28) 28 November 1983 (age 31) Left-handed Right arm leg break Club captain
34 Jack Leaning  England (1993-10-18) 18 October 1993 (age 21) Right-handed Right arm off break
All-rounders
3 Adil Rashiddouble-dagger  England (1988-02-17) 17 February 1988 (age 26) Right-handed Right arm leg break
16 Tim Bresnandouble-dagger  England (1985-02-28) 28 February 1985 (age 29) Right-handed Right arm fast-medium
27 Richard Pyrah*  England (1982-11-01) 1 November 1982 (age 32) Right-handed Right arm medium
35 Will Rhodes  England (1995-03-02) 2 March 1995 (age 19) Left-handed Right arm medium-fast
Wicket-keepers
4 Andrew Hodd  England (1984-01-12) 12 January 1984 (age 30) Right-handed
18 Dan Hodgson  England (1990-02-26) 26 February 1990 (age 24) Right-handed
21 Jonny Bairstowdouble-dagger  England (1989-09-26) 26 September 1989 (age 25) Right-handed
Barney Gibson  England (1996-03-31) 31 March 1996 (age 18) Right-handed
Bowlers
10 Ben Coad  England (1994-01-10) 10 January 1994 (age 20) Right-handed Right arm fast-medium
11 Ryan Sidebottomdouble-dagger  England (1978-01-15) 15 January 1978 (age 36) Left-handed Left arm fast-medium
15 James Wainman  England (1993-01-25) 25 January 1993 (age 21) Right-handed Left arm medium-fast
17 Steven Patterson*  England (1983-10-03) 3 October 1983 (age 31) Right-handed Right-arm medium-fast
23 Moin Ashraf  England (1992-01-05) 5 January 1992 (age 22) Right-handed Right arm fast-medium
28 Liam Plunkettdouble-dagger  England (1985-04-06) 6 April 1985 (age 29) Right-handed Right arm fast-medium England incremental contract
70 Jack Brooks*  England (1984-06-04) 4 June 1984 (age 30) Right-handed Right arm fast-medium
Karl Carver  England (1996-03-26) 26 March 1996 (age 18) Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox
Matthew Fisher  England (1997-11-09) 9 November 1997 (age 17) Right-handed Right arm fast-medium

Former players[edit]

For details of former players, see List of Yorkshire County Cricket Club players and Category:Yorkshire cricketers.

Club captains[edit]

For the full list of club captains, see: List of Yorkshire County Cricket Club captains and Category:Yorkshire cricket captains

Three Yorkshire players - Stanley Jackson, Len Hutton and Michael Vaughan - have captained England to success in The Ashes yet none of them was club captain at Yorkshire. Ray Illingworth was playing for Leicestershire CCC when he was captain of England.

From 1883 to 1959 inclusive, Yorkshire always had an amateur club captain. The extent of leadership given by these gentlemen has long been a subject of discussion. Hawke and Sellers are generally held to have been autocratic and decisive, but in fact both relied heavily on sound professional advice. At the other extreme, Wilfred Rhodes is supposed to have been the de facto captain from 1920 to 1930, but it was Major Arthur Lupton who restored discipline to the side when a row erupted between Yorkshire and Middlesex in 1924.[92]

Lord Hawke famously said at the Yorkshire Annual General Meeting in 1925: "Pray God, no professional shall ever captain England. I love and admire them all, but we have always had an amateur skipper and when the day comes when we shall have no more amateurs captaining England it will be a thousand pities."[93] In view of this, it is perhaps surprising that, when Arthur Lupton retired at the end of the 1927 season, Hawke was one of the sponsors of the suggestion that Herbert Sutcliffe should become Yorkshire captain. In the event, there was sufficient opposition to the idea amongst the Yorkshire committee and players (some of the latter felt that Wilfred Rhodes, as senior professional, had a prior claim), that the proposal was dropped.[93]

In 1960, Vic Wilson became Yorkshire's first professional captain since Tom Emmett when he succeeded Ronnie Burnet. Brian Close, who took over in 1963, has been Yorkshire's most successful professional captain with four County Championships.

Club officials[edit]

Coaching staff[edit]

  • Director of Pro Cricket: Martyn Moxon
  • Director of Cricket Operations: Ian Dews
  • 1st Team Coach: Jason Gillespie
  • 2nd Team Coach: Richard Dawson
  • Strength & Conditioning Coach: Tom Summers
  • First XI Physiotherapist: Scott McAllister
  • Second XI Physiotherapist: James Clegg

List of Yorkshire CCC Presidents[edit]

Those who have held the office of Yorkshire President are:[94]

From To Name
1863 1863 T.R. Barker
1864 1897 Michael Ellison
1898 1938 Lord Hawke
1939 1947 Stanley Jackson
1948 1960 Tom Taylor
1961 1973 Sir William Worsley
1974 1981 Sir Kenneth Parkinson
1981 1983 Norman Yardley
1984 1989 Viscount Mountgarret
1989 1990 Len Hutton
1991 1999 Sir Lawrence Byford
1999 2004 R.A. Smith
2004 2006 David Jones
2006 2008 Bob Appleyard
2008 2009 Brian Close
2010 2011 Ray Illingworth
2012 2014 Geoffrey Boycott
2014 Dickie Bird

List of Yorkshire CCC Secretaries[edit]

Those who have held the office of Yorkshire Secretary are:[94]

From To Name
1863 1863 George Padley
1864 1902 Joseph B. Wostinholm
1903 1930 Frederick Toone
1931 1971 John Nash
1972 1991 Joe Lister
1991 2002 D.M. Ryder
2002 2005 B. Bouttell[note 2]

Honours[edit]

First XI honours[edit]

  • Champion County[note 3] (0) – ; shared (1) – 1883
  • County Championship (31) – 1893, 1896, 1898, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1905, 1908, 1912, 1919, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1935, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1946, 1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1966, 1967, 1968, 2001, 2014; shared (1) – 1949
  • FP Trophy[note 4] (3) – 1965, 1969, 2002
  • National League[note 5] (1) – 1983
  • Benson & Hedges Cup (1) – 1987

Second XI honours[edit]

  • Second XI Championship (4) – 1977, 1984, 1991, 2003; shared (1) – 1987
  • Second XI Trophy (1) – 2009
  • Minor Counties Championship (5) – 1947, 1957, 1958, 1968, 1971

Other honours[edit]

  • Fenner Trophy (3) – 1972, 1974, 1981
  • Asda Challenge (1) – 1987
  • Ward Knockout Cup (1) – 1989
  • Joshua Tetley Festival Trophy (6) – 1991, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998; shared (1) – 1992
  • Tilcon Trophy (1) – 1988
  • Under-25 Competition (3) – 1976, 1978, 1987
  • Bain Clarkson Trophy (1) – 1994

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gloucestershire captain W. G. Grace nevertheless believed that Yorkshire were more worthy champions than his county.[41]
  2. ^ Bouttell was in fact a company secretary, Yorkshire's organisational structure having been redefined in 2002 when the general committee was replaced by a board of management.
  3. ^ An unofficial seasonal title sometimes proclaimed by consensus of media and historians before December 1889 when the official County Championship was constituted. Although there are ante–dated claims before 1873, when residence qualifications were introduced, it is only since this ruling that any quasi–official status can be ascribed.
  4. ^ Formerly known as the Gillette Cup (1963–1980), NatWest Trophy (1981–2000) and C&G Trophy (2001–2006)
  5. ^ Formerly known as the Sunday League (1969–1998)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Buckley, G.B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell. 
  2. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 8
  3. ^ Kilburn 1970, p. 9
  4. ^ a b c Woodhouse 1989, p. 7
  5. ^ Hawke, Lord (1932). "Fifty years of Yorkshire county". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. John Wisden & Co. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Hodgson 1989, p. 10
  7. ^ "England v Sussex in 1827". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  8. ^ Hodgson 1989, pp. 9–10
  9. ^ "Yorkshire v Norfolk in 1833". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 6 April 2011. 
  10. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 11
  11. ^ a b Hodgson 1989, p. 12
  12. ^ a b c d e f Hodgson 1989, p. 14
  13. ^ a b c d e Kilburn 1970, p. 10
  14. ^ Kilburn 1970, p. 14
  15. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 16
  16. ^ Kilburn 1970, p. 13
  17. ^ Hodgson 1989, pp. 16–17
  18. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 17
  19. ^ a b Hodgson 1989, p. 21
  20. ^ Woodhouse 1989, pp. 15–16
  21. ^ Hodgson 1989, pp. 18–19
  22. ^ "Surrey v Yorkshire in 1863". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 9 January 2011. 
  23. ^ Woodhouse 1989, pp. 11–12
  24. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 12
  25. ^ Kilburn 1970, p. 12
  26. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 18
  27. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 20
  28. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 21
  29. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 22
  30. ^ Hodgson 1989, pp. 22, 24
  31. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 25
  32. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 24
  33. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 15
  34. ^ Hodgson 1989, pp. 18–24
  35. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 27
  36. ^ Woodhouse 1989, pp. 32–33
  37. ^ "LV County Championship: Constitution of County Championship". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack (2010 ed.). John Wisden & Co. p. 572. ISBN 978-1-4081-2466-6. 
  38. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 36
  39. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 28
  40. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 37
  41. ^ a b Hodgson 1989, p. 35
  42. ^ a b Woodhouse 1989, pp. 40–41
  43. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 43
  44. ^ Woodhouse 1989, pp. 43, 46
  45. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 50
  46. ^ a b Hodgson 1989, pp. 28–29
  47. ^ Woodhouse 1989, pp. 57, 61
  48. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 34
  49. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 70
  50. ^ Woodhouse 1989, pp. 77–79
  51. ^ "Lord Hawke profile". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 12 April 2011. 
  52. ^ "The late Lord Hawke". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. 1939. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  53. ^ Kilburn 1970, p. 23
  54. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 57
  55. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 42
  56. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 84
  57. ^ Kilburn 1970, p. 19
  58. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 48
  59. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 101
  60. ^ a b Hodgson 1989, p. 53
  61. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 51
  62. ^ a b c Hodgson 1989, p. 66
  63. ^ a b c Swanton 1986, p. 468
  64. ^ Hodgson 1989, pp. 57–58
  65. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 59
  66. ^ "LV County Championship: County Championship Final Positions 1890—2010". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack (2010 ed.). John Wisden & Co. p. 574. 
  67. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 69
  68. ^ Hodgson 1989, pp. 70–73
  69. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 73
  70. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 255
  71. ^ Hodgson 1989, pp. 87–88
  72. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 83
  73. ^ Kilburn 1970, pp. 56–57
  74. ^ a b Kilburn 1970, p. 56
  75. ^ Kilburn 1970, p. 57
  76. ^ "Azeem Rafiq". Yorkshire County Cricket Club. Retrieved 27 June 2007. 
  77. ^ Culley, Jon. "Azeem Rafiq shows his credentials". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  78. ^ "Gillespie named Yorkshire coach". Retrieved 10 January 2012. 
  79. ^ "2013 County Championship Points Table". ESPNcricinfo. 
  80. ^ "Yorkshire sign Finch for T20 blast". ESPNcricinfo. 
  81. ^ "Yorkshire beat Nottinghamshire to win title". BBC Sport. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  82. ^ Hodgson 1989, p. 77
  83. ^ "First-Class Matches played at Abbeydale Park, Sheffield". Cricket Archive. Retrieved 10 August 2006. 
  84. ^ Vision of Britain: Dore, Dore at the ABC's Gazetteer of British Place Names[dead link] Dore, the site of Abbeydale Park, was a civil parish in Derbyshire until 1934, when it was added to Sheffield, and thus become part of the West Riding of Yorkshire for ceremonial purposes. Groups such as the Yorkshire Ridings Society reject these changes.
  85. ^ "New stand and name for Headingley". BBC News. 11 January 2006. Retrieved 10 August 2006. 
  86. ^ "Yorkshire launches lottery to break records". Yorkshire County Cricket Club. Retrieved 19 September 2006. 
  87. ^ "Yorkshire club officials". Yorkshire County Cricket Club. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  88. ^ "Engagement - Our local communities - Sponsorship". KCOM Group PLC. Retrieved 27 May 2013. 
  89. ^ "YCCC Official Partners". Yorkshire County Cricket Club. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  90. ^ "YCCC Secondary Partners". Yorkshire County Cricket Club. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  91. ^ "YCCC Secondary Partners". Yorkshire County Cricket Club. Retrieved 19 June 2011. 
  92. ^ Woodhouse 1989, p. 333
  93. ^ a b Gibson, Alan (1989). The Cricket Captains of England. The Pavilion Library. pp. 154–56. ISBN 1-85145-390-3. 
  94. ^ a b The Yorkshire County Cricket Club Yearbook (2010 ed.). Ilkley: Great Northern Books. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-905080-75-5. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]