|Antonio Yosef Ben-Jochannan|
|Born||December 31, 1918|
|Notable works||Abu Simbel to Ghizeh: A Guide Book and Manual (1989)|
Early life and education
Ben-Jochannan's background is uncertain. He asserts that he was born in Ethiopia to a Puerto Rican mother and an Ethiopian father. However, according to Tudor Parfitt, Ben-Jochannan is likely instead only of Puerto Rican origin.
Ben-Jochannan was educated in Puerto Rico, Brazil, Cuba, and Spain, earning degrees in engineering and anthropology.[unreliable source?] In 1938, he earned a BS in Civil Engineering at the University of Puerto Rico. In 1939 a Master's degree in Architectural Engineering from the University of Havana, Cuba. He received doctoral degrees in Cultural Anthropology and Moorish History from the University of Havana and the University of Barcelona, Spain.
Career and later life
Ben-Jochannan immigrated to the United States in the early 1940s. He worked as a draftsman and continued his studies. He claims that in 1945, he was appointed chairman of the African Studies Committee at the headquarters of the newly founded UNESCO, a position from which he reportedly stepped down in 1970. In 1950, Ben-Jochannan began teaching Egyptology at Malcolm King College, and subsequently at City College in New York City. From 1976 to 1987, he was an adjunct professor at Cornell University.
Ben-Jochannan is the author of 49 books, primarily on ancient Nile Valley civilizations and their impact on Western cultures.[dead link]In his writings, he argues that the original Jews were from Ethiopia and were Black Africans, while the white Jews later adopted the Jewish faith and its customs.
Ben-Jochannan has been criticized for allegedly distorting history and promoting Black supremacy. In February 1993, Wellesley College European classics professor Mary Lefkowitz publicly confronted Ben-Jochannan about his teachings. Ben-Jochannan taught that Aristotle visited the Library of Alexandria. During the question and answer session following the lecture, Lefkowitz asked ben-Jochannan, "How would that have been possible, when the library was not built until after his death?" ben-Jochannan replied that the dates were uncertain. Lefkowitz writes that ben-Jochannan proceeded to tell those present that "they could and should believe what black instructors told them" and "that although they might think that Jews were all 'hook-nosed and sallow faced,' there were other Jews who looked like himself."
African-American professor Clarence E. Walker wrote that Ben-Jochannan not only confused Cleopatra VII with her daughter Cleopatra VIII and stated she was black, but also wrote that “Cleopatra VIII committed suicide after being discovered in a plot with Marc Antonio [Mark Anthony] to murder Julius Caesar.”
- African Origins of Major Western Religions, 1991. ISBN 978-0933121294
- We the Black Jews, 1993, ISBN 9780933121409
- Black Man of the Nile and His Family, Black Classic Press, 1989. ISBN 9780933121263
- Africa: Mother of Western Civilization. ISBN 9780933121256
- New Dimensions in African History
- The Myth of Exodus and Genesis and the Exclusion of Their African Origins
- Abu Simbel to Ghizeh: A Guide Book and Manual
- Cultural Genocide in the Black and African Studies Curriculum. New York, 1972. OCLC 798725
- Ancient Egyptian race controversy
- List of notable Puerto Ricans
- Jewish immigration to Puerto Rico
- Institute for the Study of Academic Racism
- Marcus Garvey
- John Henrik Clarke
- John G. Jackson
- African diaspora
- Joel Augustus Rogers
- Chancellor Williams
- Cheikh Anta Diop
- Carroll, Robert (2011). The Skeptic's Dictionary: A Collection of Strange Beliefs, Amusing Deceptions, and Dangerous Delusions. John Wiley & Sons. p. 8. ISBN 1118045637. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Yosef Ben-Jochannan Biography". TheHistorymakers.com. 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- Tudor Parfitt, Emanuela Semi (eds.) (2013). Judaising Movements: Studies in the Margins of Judaism in Modern Times. Routledge. p. 95. ISBN 1136860274. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- "Dr. Yosef A. A. Ben-Jochannan". raceandhistory.com. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Ben Jochannan, Yosef (1993). We the Black Jews. Black Classics Press.
- Shabazz, Saeed (October 29, 2002). "Prized library bequeathed to the Nation". FinalCall.com. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
- http://www.skepdic.com/refuge/lefko.html Not Out of Africa How Afrocentrism Became an Excuse to Teach Myth as History
- History Lesson, pp. 67-69.
- Walker, Clarence E (2001). We Can't Go Home Again: An Argument About Afrocentrism. Oxford University Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-0195095715.