Zeynep Sultan Mosque

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Zeynep Sultan Mosque
Zeynep Sultan Camii.jpg
Zeynep Sultan Mosque
Basic information
Location Istanbul, Turkey
Affiliation Islam
Architectural description
Architect(s) Mehmet Tahir Ağa
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Islamic, Ottoman architecture
Completed 1769
Specifications
Minaret(s) 1

The Zeynep Sultan Mosque (in Turkish Zeynep Sultan Camii) is a mosque built in 1769 by Ayazma Mosque's architect Mehmet Tahir Ağa for Ahmed III's daughter Zeynep Asıme Sultan. It evokes Byzantine churches because of its architectural style and materials that were used in its construction.

History[edit]

The mosque is on Alemdar Caddesi (Street) in Istanbul, across the street from Gülhane Park, not far from the Hagia Sophia, and viewable from the tram that circulates the city. In the back side of the mosque, there is a building, which was once used as mektep and now being used as primary school. The part once used as sebil[1] is now closed. In front of the mosque, there is a fountain, which was actually part of Abdul-Hamid I's külliye.[2] The fountain was carried here in 1920s when 4. Vakıf Han's construction in Eminönü. The "Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı" (English: Foundation for Research on the Ottoman Empire is above the mosque.

Ottoman military hero Alemdar Mustafa Pasha's grave is in hazîre[3] of the mosque and due to road construction Zeynep Sultan's corpse in the cellar is waiting for the time of her new tomb's construction. The grave of Melek Mehmet Pasha (in office 1792-1794), who was Selim III's Grand Vizier and Zeynep Sultan's husband, is also in the hazîre of the mosque.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ sebil: free water fountain adjacent to a mosque
  2. ^ külliye: complex of buildings adjacent to a mosque
  3. ^ hazîre: Grave part bordered with railings in places like mosque, tomb, dervish lodge etc.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°0′34.92″N 28°58′44.40″E / 41.0097000°N 28.9790000°E / 41.0097000; 28.9790000