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|38th President of El Salvador|
May 2, 1982 – June 1, 1984
|Vice President||Raúl Molina Martínez, Mauricio Gutierrez Castro, Pablo Mauricio Alvergue|
|Preceded by||Revolutionary Government Junta|
Carlos Humberto Romero as President
|Succeeded by||José Napoleón Duarte|
Álvaro Alfredo Magaña Borja
October 8, 1925
Ahuachapán, El Salvador
|Died||July 10, 2001(aged 75)|
He received his master's degree from the University of Chicago in 1952. He was president of the largest mortgage bank of El Salvador (Banco Hipotecario) before the 1982 election. He was sworn in by the President of the Constituent Assembly Roberto D'Aubuisson.
His inauguration as president on May 2, 1982, marked the beginning of elected government in El Salvador after the junta of 1979–1982.
In 1982, the Salvadoran political parties decided that it was time to move on from the rule of the Junta Revolucionaria de Gobierno, or JRG, and decided to install Magaña as head of state.
Soon afterward, both political parties met at Magaña's farm in Apaneca and decided that under Magaña's provisional government, both parties would share in the ministerial posts.
José Napoleón Duarte willingly relinquished his power as head of state and head of the Junta to Magana briefly and instead focused on building up his own Christian Democrat Party with the help of the United States and planned to take back power in the 1984 elections.
Revolutionary Government Junta
| President of El Salvador
José Napoleón Duarte
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