Ku (kana)

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ku
transliterationku
translit. with dakutengu
translit. with handakuten(ngu)
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kanaクラブのク
(Kurabu no "ku")

, in hiragana or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent [ku͍] and their shapes come from the kanji 久.

This kana may have a dakuten added, transforming it into in hiragana, in katakana and gu in Hepburn romanization. The dakuten's addition also changes the sound of the syllable represented, to [ɡu͍] in initial positions and varying between [ŋu͍] and [ɣu͍] in the middle of words. A handakuten (゜) does not occur with ku in normal Japanese text, but it may be used by linguists to indicate a nasal pronunciation [ŋu͍].

In the Ainu language, the katakana ク can be written as small ㇰ, representing a final k sound as in アイヌイタㇰ Ainu itak (Ainu language).[1] This was developed along with other extended katakana to represent sounds in Ainu that are not found in standard Japanese katakana.

Forms Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal k-
(か行 ka-gyō)
ku
kuu
くう, くぅ
くー
クウ, クゥ
クー
Addition dakuten g-
(が行 ga-gyō)
gu
guu
ぐう, ぐぅ
ぐー
グウ, グゥ
グー
Other additional forms
Form A (kw-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
kwa くぁ/くゎ クァ/クヮ
kwi くぃ/くゐ クィ/クヰ
kwu くぅ クゥ
kwe くぇ クェ
kwo くぉ クォ
Form B (gw-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
gwa ぐぁ/ぐゎ グァ/グヮ
gwi ぐぃ/ぐゐ グィ/グヰ
gwu ぐぅ グゥ
gwe ぐぇ グェ
gwo ぐぉ グォ

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing く
Stroke order in writing く
Stroke order in writing ク
Stroke order in writing ク
Stroke order in writing く
Stroke order in writing ク

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
クラブのク
Kurabu no "Ku"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄
ICS Victor.svg

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 11.svg

Ku-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠩
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-146
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
く / ク in Japanese Braille
く / ク
ku
ぐ / グ
gu
くう / クー
ぐう / グー
Other kana based on Braille
きゅ / キュ
kyu
ぎゅ / ギュ
gyu
きゅう / キュー
kyū
ぎゅう / ギュー
gyū
⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠩ (braille pattern dots-146)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER KU KATAKANA LETTER KU HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER KU KATAKANA LETTER SMALL KU CIRCLED KATAKANA KU
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12367 U+304F 12463 U+30AF 65400 U+FF78 12784 U+31F0 13015 U+32D7
UTF-8 227 129 143 E3 81 8F 227 130 175 E3 82 AF 239 189 184 EF BD B8 227 135 176 E3 87 B0 227 139 151 E3 8B 97
Numeric character reference く く ク ク ク ク ㇰ ㇰ ㋗ ㋗
Shift JIS (plain)[2] 130 173 82 AD 131 78 83 4E 184 B8
Shift JIS-2004[3] 130 173 82 AD 131 78 83 4E 184 B8 131 236 83 EC
EUC-JP (plain)[4] 164 175 A4 AF 165 175 A5 AF 142 184 8E B8
EUC-JIS-2004[5] 164 175 A4 AF 165 175 A5 AF 142 184 8E B8 166 238 A6 EE
GB 18030[6] 164 175 A4 AF 165 175 A5 AF 132 49 152 48 84 31 98 30 129 57 188 52 81 39 BC 34
EUC-KR[7] / UHC[8] 170 175 AA AF 171 175 AB AF
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[9] 198 179 C6 B3 199 71 C7 47
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[10] 198 245 C6 F5 199 171 C7 AB
Character information
Preview く゚ ク゚
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER GU KATAKANA LETTER GU HIRAGANA LETTER BIDAKUON NGU[11] KATAKANA LETTER BIDAKUON NGU[11]
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12368 U+3050 12464 U+30B0 12367 12442 U+304F+309A 12463 12442 U+30AF+309A
UTF-8 227 129 144 E3 81 90 227 130 176 E3 82 B0 227 129 143 227 130 154 E3 81 8F E3 82 9A 227 130 175 227 130 154 E3 82 AF E3 82 9A
Numeric character reference ぐ ぐ グ グ く゚ く゚ ク゚ ク゚
Shift JIS (plain)[2] 130 174 82 AE 131 79 83 4F
Shift JIS-2004[3] 130 174 82 AE 131 79 83 4F 130 247 82 F7 131 153 83 99
EUC-JP (plain)[4] 164 176 A4 B0 165 176 A5 B0
EUC-JIS-2004[5] 164 176 A4 B0 165 176 A5 B0 164 249 A4 F9 165 249 A5 F9
GB 18030[6] 164 176 A4 B0 165 176 A5 B0
EUC-KR[7] / UHC[8] 170 176 AA B0 171 176 AB B0
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[9] 198 180 C6 B4 199 72 C7 48
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[10] 198 246 C6 F6 199 172 C7 AC

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/katakana_phonetic_extensions.html
  2. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  3. ^ a b Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  4. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ a b Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".
  6. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  7. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  8. ^ a b Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  9. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  10. ^ a b van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  11. ^ a b Unicode Consortium. "Unicode Named Character Sequences". Unicode Character Database.