Sa (kana)

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sa
transliterationsa
translit. with dakutenza
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana桜のサ
(Sakura no "sa")

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent [sa]. The shapes of these kana originate from 左 and 散, respectively.

Like , the hiragana character may be written with or without linking the lower line to the rest of the character.

The character may be combined with a dakuten, changing it into ざ in hiragana, ザ in katakana, and za in Hepburn romanization. The pronunciation is also changed, to [za].

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal s-
(さ行 sa-gyō)
sa
saa
, sah
さあ, さぁ
さー
サア, サァ
サー
Addition dakuten z-
(ざ行 za-gyō)
za
zaa
, zah
ざあ, ざぁ
ざー
ザア, ザァ
ザー

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing
Stroke order in writing sa
Stroke order in writing サ
Stroke order in writing sa
Stroke order in writing さ
Stroke order in writing サ

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
桜のサ
Sakura no "Sa"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄
ICS Repeat Three.svg

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 1.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 12.svg

Sa-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠱
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-156
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
さ / サ in Japanese Braille
さ / サ
sa
ざ / ザ
za
さあ / サー
ざあ / ザー
Other kana based on Braille
しゃ / シャ
sha
じゃ / ジャ
ja
しゃあ / シャー
shā
じゃあ / ジャー
⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER SA KATAKANA LETTER SA HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER SA HIRAGANA LETTER ZA KATAKANA LETTER ZA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12373 U+3055 12469 U+30B5 65403 U+FF7B 12374 U+3056 12470 U+30B6
UTF-8 227 129 149 E3 81 95 227 130 181 E3 82 B5 239 189 187 EF BD BB 227 129 150 E3 81 96 227 130 182 E3 82 B6
Numeric character reference さ さ サ サ サ サ ざ ざ ザ ザ
Shift JIS[1] 130 179 82 B3 131 84 83 54 187 BB 130 180 82 B4 131 85 83 55
EUC-JP[2] 164 181 A4 B5 165 181 A5 B5 142 187 8E BB 164 182 A4 B6 165 182 A5 B6
GB 18030[3] 164 181 A4 B5 165 181 A5 B5 132 49 152 51 84 31 98 33 164 182 A4 B6 165 182 A5 B6
EUC-KR[4] / UHC[5] 170 181 AA B5 171 181 AB B5 170 182 AA B6 171 182 AB B6
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[6] 198 185 C6 B9 199 77 C7 4D 198 186 C6 BA 199 78 C7 4E
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[7] 198 251 C6 FB 199 177 C7 B1 198 252 C6 FC 199 178 C7 B2
Character information
Preview 🈂
Unicode name CIRCLED KATAKANA SA SQUARED KATAKANA SA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 13018 U+32DA 127490 U+1F202
UTF-8 227 139 154 E3 8B 9A 240 159 136 130 F0 9F 88 82
UTF-16 13018 32DA 55356 56834 D83C DE02
Numeric character reference ㋚ ㋚ 🈂 🈂
Shift JIS (au by KDDI)[8] 243 90 F3 5A
Shift JIS (SoftBank 3G)[8] 247 200 F7 C8
7-bit JIS (au by KDDI)[9] 121 59 79 3B
GB 18030[3] 129 57 210 54 81 39 D2 36 148 57 150 52 94 39 96 34
Emoji shortcode[10] :sa:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  2. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  3. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  4. ^ Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  6. ^ Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  7. ^ van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  8. ^ a b Unicode Consortium. "Emoji Sources". Unicode Character Database.
  9. ^ Scherer, Markus; Davis, Mark; Momoi, Kat; Tong, Darick; Kida, Yasuo; Edberg, Peter. "Emoji Symbols: Background Data—Background data for Proposal for Encoding Emoji Symbols" (PDF). UTC L2/10-132.
  10. ^ JoyPixels. "Emoji Alpha Codes". Emoji Toolkit.