Shi (kana)

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shi
transliterationshi, si
translit. with dakutenji, zi
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana新聞のシ
(Shinbun no "shi")

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent the phonemes /si/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [ɕi] (About this soundlisten). The shapes of these kana have origins in the character 之. The katakana form has become increasingly popular as an emoticon in the Western world due to its resemblance to a smiling face.

This character may be combined with a dakuten, forming じ in hiragana, ジ in katakana, and ji in Hepburn romanization; the pronunciation becomes /zi/ (phonetically [d͡ʑi] or [ʑi] in the middle of words).

The dakuten form of this character is used when transliterating "di" occasionally, as opposed to 's dakuten form, or a de assigned to a small i; for example, Aladdin is written as アラジン Arajin, and radio is written as ラジオ.

In the Ainu language, シ is used to represent the ʃi sound. It can also be written as a small ㇱ to represent a final s sound, pronounced ɕ.

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
normal sh/s- alone
(さ行 sa-gyō)
final sh (s)
shi (si)
shii (sii)
shī (), shih (sih)
 

しい, しぃ
しー


シイ, シィ
シー
sh/sy- and yōon
(しゃ行 sha-gyō)
sha (sya)
shaa (syaa)
shah (syah)
shā (syā)
しゃ
しゃあ
 
しゃー
シャ
シャア
シャㇵ
シャー
shu (syu)
shuu (syuu)
shū (syū), shuh (syuh)
しゅ
しゅう
しゅー
シュ
シュウ
シュー
sho (syo)
shou (syou)
shoo (syoo)
shō (syō), shoh (syoh)
しょ
しょう
しょお
しょー
ショ
ショウ
ショオ
ショー
with dakuten j/z- alone
(ザ行 za-gyō)
final -j (-z)
ji (zi)
jii (zii)
(), jih (zih)
 

じい, じぃ
じー
 

ジイ, ジィ
ジー
j/zy- and yōon
(じゃ行 ja-gyō)
ja (zya)
jaa (zyaa)
(zyā), jah (zyah)
じゃ
じゃあ
じゃー
ジャ
ジャア
ジャー
ju (zyu)
juu (zyuu)
(zyū), juh (zyuh)
じゅ
じゅう
じゅー
ジュ
ジュウ
ジュー
jo (zyo)
jou (zyou)
joo (zyoo)
(zyō), joh (zyoh)
じょ
じょう
じょお
じょー
ジョ
ジョウ
ジョオ
ジョー
Other additional forms
Form A (sh-/sy-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(shyi, syi) しぃ シィ
she (sye)
shee (syee)
shei (syei)
shē (syē), sheh (syeh)
しぇ
しぇえ
しぇい, しぇぃ
しぇー
シェ
シェエ
シェイ, シェィ
シェー
Form B (j-/zy-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
(jyi, zyi) じぃ ジィ
je (zye)
jee (zyee)
jei (zyei)
(zyē), jeh (zyeh)
じぇ
じぇえ
じぇい, じぇぃ
じぇー
ジェ
ジェエ
ジェイ, ジェィ
ジェー

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing し
Stroke order in writing し
Stroke order in writing シ
Stroke order in writing シ
Stroke order in writing Hiragana し
Stroke order in writing Katakana シ

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
新聞のシ
Shinbun no "Shi"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄
IJN pennant Shi.svg

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 5.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 7.svg

Shi-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠳
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-1256
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
し / シ in Japanese Braille Sh/J + Yōon braille
し / シ
shi
じ / ジ
ji
しい / シー
shī
じい / ジー
しゃ / シャ
sha
じゃ / ジャ
ja
しゃあ / シャー
shā
じゃあ / ジャー
⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠱ (braille pattern dots-156)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Sh/J + Yōon braille
しゅ / シュ
shu
じゅ / ジュ
ju
しゅう / シュー
shū
じゅう / ジュー
しょ / ショ
sho
じょ / ジョ
jo
しょう / ショー
shō
じょう / ジョー
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER SI KATAKANA LETTER SI HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER SI CIRCLED KATAKANA SI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12375 U+3057 12471 U+30B7 65404 U+FF7C 13019 U+32DB
UTF-8 227 129 151 E3 81 97 227 130 183 E3 82 B7 239 189 188 EF BD BC 227 139 155 E3 8B 9B
Numeric character reference し し シ シ シ シ ㋛ ㋛
Shift JIS[1] 130 181 82 B5 131 86 83 56 188 BC
EUC-JP[2] 164 183 A4 B7 165 183 A5 B7 142 188 8E BC
GB 18030[3] 164 183 A4 B7 165 183 A5 B7 132 49 152 52 84 31 98 34
EUC-KR[4] / UHC[5] 170 183 AA B7 171 183 AB B7
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[6] 198 187 C6 BB 199 79 C7 4F
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[7] 198 253 C6 FD 199 179 C7 B3
Character information
Preview
Unicode name KATAKANA LETTER SMALL SI HIRAGANA LETTER ZI KATAKANA LETTER ZI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12785 U+31F1 12376 U+3058 12472 U+30B8
UTF-8 227 135 177 E3 87 B1 227 129 152 E3 81 98 227 130 184 E3 82 B8
Numeric character reference ㇱ ㇱ じ じ ジ ジ
Shift JIS (plain)[1] 130 182 82 B6 131 87 83 57
Shift JIS-2004[8] 131 237 83 ED 130 182 82 B6 131 87 83 57
EUC-JP (plain)[2] 164 184 A4 B8 165 184 A5 B8
EUC-JIS-2004[9] 166 239 A6 EF 164 184 A4 B8 165 184 A5 B8
GB 18030[3] 129 57 188 53 81 39 BC 35 164 184 A4 B8 165 184 A5 B8
EUC-KR[4] / UHC[5] 170 184 AA B8 171 184 AB B8
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[6] 198 188 C6 BC 199 80 C7 50
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[7] 198 254 C6 FE 199 180 C7 B4

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  2. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  3. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  4. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ a b Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  6. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  7. ^ a b van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  8. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  9. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".