Su (kana)

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su
transliterationsu
translit. with dakutenzu
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kanaすずめのス
(Suzume no "su")

, in hiragana, or in katakana is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora. Their shapes come from the kanji 寸 and 須, respectively. Both kana represent the sound [su͍]. In the Ainu language, the katakana ス can be written as small ㇲ to represent a final s, and is used to emphasize the pronunciation of [s] rather than the normal [ɕ] (represented in Ainu as ㇱ).[1]

Forms Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal s-
(さ行 sa-gyō)
su
suu, swu
すう, すぅ
すー
スウ, スゥ
スー
Addition dakuten z-
(ざ行 za-gyō)
zu
zuu, zwu
ずう, ずぅ
ずー
ズウ, ズゥ
ズー
Other additional forms
Form A (sw-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
swa すぁ スァ
swi, si すぃ スィ *
swe すぇ スェ
swo すぉ スォ
Form B (zw-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
zwa ずぁ ズァ
zwi, zi ずぃ ズィ *
zwe ずぇ ズェ
zwo ずぉ ズォ

* スィ and ズィ are also used to present si and zi pronunciations respectively. For example, 'C' is presented as スィー /siː/. See also Hepburn romanization.

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing す
Stroke order in writing す
Stroke order in writing ス
Stroke order in writing ス
Stroke order in writing す
Stroke order in writing ス

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
すずめのス
Suzume no "Su"
▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 1.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 2.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 5.svg

Su-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠹
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-1456
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
す / ス in Japanese Braille
す / ス
su
ず / ズ
zu
すう / スー
ずう / ズー
Other kana based on Braille
しゅ / シュ
shu
じゅ / ジュ
ju
しゅう / シュー
shū
じゅう / ジュー
⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER SU KATAKANA LETTER SU HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER SU CIRCLED KATAKANA SU
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12377 U+3059 12473 U+30B9 65405 U+FF7D 13020 U+32DC
UTF-8 227 129 153 E3 81 99 227 130 185 E3 82 B9 239 189 189 EF BD BD 227 139 156 E3 8B 9C
Numeric character reference す す ス ス ス ス ㋜ ㋜
Shift JIS[2] 130 183 82 B7 131 88 83 58 189 BD
EUC-JP[3] 164 185 A4 B9 165 185 A5 B9 142 189 8E BD
GB 18030[4] 164 185 A4 B9 165 185 A5 B9 132 49 152 53 84 31 98 35
EUC-KR[5] / UHC[6] 170 185 AA B9 171 185 AB B9
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[7] 198 189 C6 BD 199 81 C7 51
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[8] 199 64 C7 40 199 181 C7 B5
Character information
Preview
Unicode name KATAKANA LETTER SMALL SU HIRAGANA LETTER ZU KATAKANA LETTER ZU
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12786 U+31F2 12378 U+305A 12474 U+30BA
UTF-8 227 135 178 E3 87 B2 227 129 154 E3 81 9A 227 130 186 E3 82 BA
Numeric character reference ㇲ ㇲ ず ず ズ ズ
Shift JIS (plain)[2] 130 184 82 B8 131 89 83 59
Shift JIS-2004[9] 131 238 83 EE 130 184 82 B8 131 89 83 59
EUC-JP (plain)[3] 164 186 A4 BA 165 186 A5 BA
EUC-JIS-2004[10] 166 240 A6 F0 164 186 A4 BA 165 186 A5 BA
GB 18030[4] 129 57 188 54 81 39 BC 36 164 186 A4 BA 165 186 A5 BA
EUC-KR[5] / UHC[6] 170 186 AA BA 171 186 AB BA
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[7] 198 190 C6 BE 199 82 C7 52
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[8] 199 65 C7 41 199 182 C7 B6

References[edit]

  1. ^ Refsing, Kirsten (1996). Early European Writings on the Ainu Language. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-0400-0.
  2. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  3. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  4. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  5. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  6. ^ a b Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  7. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  8. ^ a b van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  9. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  10. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".