Tsu (kana)

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tsu
transliterationtsu, tu
translit. with dakutenzu, dzu, du
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kanaつるかめのツ
(Tsurukame no "tsu")
unicodeU+3064, U+30C4
braille⠝

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, each of which represents one mora. Both are phonemically /tu͍/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is [tsɯ] (About this soundlisten).

The small kana っ/ッ, known as sokuon, are identical but somewhat smaller. They are mainly used to indicate consonant gemination and commonly used at the end of lines of dialogue in fictional works as a symbol for a glottal stop.

The dakuten forms づ, ヅ, pronounced the same as the dakuten forms of the su kana in most dialects (see yotsugana), are uncommon. They are primarily used for indicating a voiced consonant in the middle of a compound word (see rendaku), and they can never begin a word.

In the Ainu language, it can be written with a handakuten (which can be entered into a computer as either one character (ツ゚) or two combined characters (ツ゜) to represent the sound [tu͍], which is interchangeable with the katakana ト゚.

The katakana form has become popular as an emoticon in the Western world due to its resemblance to a smiling face and as part of the "shrug" emoticon, rendered as:  ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ .[1][2]

Forms Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal ts-
(た行 ta-gyō)
tsu
tsuu
tsū
つう, つぅ
つー
ツウ, ツゥ
ツー
Addition dakuten d/z-
(だ行 da-gyō)
du, zu,
dzu
duu, zuu
dzuu,
, dzū
づう, づぅ
づー
ヅウ, ヅゥ
ヅー
Other additional forms
Form A (ts-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
tsa つぁ ツァ
tsi つぃ ツィ
tsu
tse つぇ ツェ
tso つぉ ツォ
tsyu つゅ ツュ
Form B (zw-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
zwa づぁ ヅァ
zwi づぃ ヅィ
dzu
zwe づぇ ヅェ
zwo づぉ ヅォ
  • ヅァ, ヅェ and ヅォ are used in gairaigos, these pronunciations are not same as ズァ (zwa), ズェ (zwe) and ズォ (zwo).

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing つ
Stroke order in writing つ
Stroke order in writing ツ
Stroke order in writing ツ
Stroke order in writing つ
Stroke order in writing ツ

Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
つるかめのツ
Tsurukame no "Tsu"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄
ICS Papa.svg

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 12.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 3.svg

TSU-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠝
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-1345
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
つ / ツ in Japanese Braille
っ / ッ
sokuon
つ / ツ
tsu
づ / ヅ
zu/du
つう / ツー
tsū
づう / ヅー
/
Other kana based on Braille
ちゅ / チュ
chu
ぢゅ / ヂュ
ju/dyu
ちゅう / チュー
chū
ぢゅう / ヂュー
/dyū
⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER TU KATAKANA LETTER TU HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER TU HIRAGANA LETTER SMALL TU KATAKANA LETTER SMALL TU
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12388 U+3064 12484 U+30C4 65410 U+FF82 12387 U+3063 12483 U+30C3
UTF-8 227 129 164 E3 81 A4 227 131 132 E3 83 84 239 190 130 EF BE 82 227 129 163 E3 81 A3 227 131 131 E3 83 83
GB 18030 164 196 A4 C4 165 196 A5 C4 132 49 153 48 84 31 99 30 164 195 A4 C3 165 195 A5 C3
Numeric character reference つ つ ツ ツ ツ ツ っ っ ッ ッ
Shift JIS[3] 130 194 82 C2 131 99 83 63 194 C2 130 193 82 C1 131 98 83 62
EUC-JP[4] 164 196 A4 C4 165 196 A5 C4 142 194 8E C2 164 195 A4 C3 165 195 A5 C3
EUC-KR[5] / UHC[6] 170 196 AA C4 171 196 AB C4 170 195 AA C3 171 195 AB C3
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[7] 198 200 C6 C8 199 92 C7 5C 198 199 C6 C7 199 91 C7 5B
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[8] 199 75 C7 4B 199 192 C7 C0 199 74 C7 4A 199 191 C7 BF
Character information
Preview ツ゚
Unicode name HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER SMALL TU HIRAGANA LETTER DU KATAKANA LETTER DU KATAKANA LETTER AINU TU[9] CIRCLED KATAKANA TU
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 65391 U+FF6F 12389 U+3065 12485 U+30C5 12484 12442 U+30C4+309A 13025 U+32E1
UTF-8 239 189 175 EF BD AF 227 129 165 E3 81 A5 227 131 133 E3 83 85 227 131 132 227 130 154 E3 83 84 E3 82 9A 227 139 161 E3 8B A1
GB 18030 132 49 151 49 84 31 97 31 164 197 A4 C5 165 197 A5 C5 165 196 129 57 167 50 A5 C4 81 39 A7 32 129 57 211 51 81 39 D3 33
Numeric character reference ッ ッ づ づ ヅ ヅ ツ゚ ツ゚ ㋡ ㋡
Shift JIS (plain)[3] 175 AF 130 195 82 C3 131 100 83 64
Shift JIS-2004[10] 175 AF 130 195 82 C3 131 100 83 64 131 157 83 9D
EUC-JP (plain)[4] 142 175 8E AF 164 197 A4 C5 165 197 A5 C5
EUC-JIS-2004[11] 142 175 8E AF 164 197 A4 C5 165 197 A5 C5 165 253 A5 FD
EUC-KR[5] / UHC[6] 170 197 AA C5 171 197 AB C5
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[7] 198 201 C6 C9 199 93 C7 5D
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[8] 199 76 C7 4C 199 193 C7 C1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "🤷 Shrug ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ Emoji". emojipedia.org.
  2. ^ "The Best Way to Type ¯\_(ツ)_/¯". The Atlantic. 2014-05-21. Retrieved 2019-06-17.
  3. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  4. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  5. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  6. ^ a b Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  7. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  8. ^ a b van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  9. ^ Unicode Consortium. "Unicode Named Character Sequences". Unicode Character Database.
  10. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  11. ^ Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".