145th Street (IRT Lenox Avenue Line)

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145th Street
NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
145 Lenox IRT sta jeh.JPG
Southbound staircase on the southwest corner
Station statistics
Address West 145th Street & Malcolm X Boulevard
New York, NY 10030
Borough Manhattan
Locale Harlem
Coordinates 40°49′12″N 73°56′10″W / 40.82°N 73.936°W / 40.82; -73.936Coordinates: 40°49′12″N 73°56′10″W / 40.82°N 73.936°W / 40.82; -73.936
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Lenox Avenue Line
Services       3 all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M1, M7, M102, Bx19
Bus transport Short Line Bus: 208
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened November 23, 1904; 111 years ago (1904-11-23)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[1]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 1,137,484[2]Increase 2%
Rank 350 out of 422
Station succession
Next north Harlem – 148th Street: 3 all times
Next south 135th Street: 3 all times

145th Street Subway Station (IRT)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 05000231[3]
Added to NRHP March 30, 2005

145th Street is a landmarked station on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of 145th Street and Lenox Avenue in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, it is served by the 3 train at all times.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
P
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right for the first five cars only
Northbound NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg toward Harlem – 148th Street (alighting passengers only) (Terminus)
Southbound NYCS-bull-trans-3.svg toward New Lots Avenue (Times Square – 42nd Street late nights) (135th Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right for the first five cars only
A 3 train speeds by the platforms of 145th Street station

There are two tracks with two short side platforms that accommodate about 6 cars (only the first 5 cars open, because all five cars of each R62 train used on the 3 service must have their doors open at the same time).[4] Even then, only four cars opened up to serve passengers at this station until 2002, as each 3 train ran nine cars per train on the R62A cars. Street staircases from platform level go up to all four corners of 145th Street and Malcolm X Boulevard,[5] however there is no entrance from the street to the northbound platform, as both eastern street staircases contain a high exit-only turnstile and emergency gate.

Like the other stations on the original IRT subway, it was initially built for trains shorter in length than the standard eight to ten cars used by the subway. Eventually, all of the other stations were either lengthened or closed, leaving 145th Street as one of only two original IRT stations that still cannot accommodate ten-car trains (the other being the South Ferry loop station). Directly north of the station is a diamond crossover for the approach to the northern terminal of the 3 train at Harlem – 148th Street. Directly south of the station is the 142nd Street Junction with the IRT White Plains Road Line. The proximity of the switches in either direction is the reason why the station was not lengthened, although it would be inexpensive to move the switch immediately to the north of the station.

History[edit]

The Lenox Avenue Line opened south of 145th Street just after midnight on November 23, 1904, as part of the IRT's original system.[6] This station served as the northern terminal of the IRT Lenox Avenue Line until May 13, 1968, when the line was extended north to Harlem-148th Street through the pre-existing Lenox Yard. At that time, this station was planned to be closed. However, such plans were shelved due to protests from the local community over the long walk (up to seven blocks) to either the new station or 135th Street one stop south, and due to possible congestion issues at 135th Street.[4]

From 1995 to 2008, this station lacked full-time service, as 3 trains did not operate during late nights. Full-time service was restored on July 27, 2008.[7]

The station has been on the National Register of Historic Places since March 30, 2005.[8]

Under the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan, the station, along with thirty other New York City Subway stations, will undergo a complete overhaul and would be entirely closed for up to 6 months. Updates would include cellular service, Wi-Fi, charging stations, improved signage, and improved station lighting.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  3. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved November 6, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Edwards, Dick (December 2, 1967). "145th-Lenox Subway Stop To Continue". New York Amsterdam News. Archived from the original on 2015-07-10. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Harlem / Hamilton Heights" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015. 
  6. ^ "EAST SIDE SUBWAY OPEN.; Train from 145th Street to Broadway in 9 Minutes and 40 Seconds.". The New York Times. 1904-11-23. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 
  7. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. 2008-07-24. Archived from the original on 2015-12-29. Retrieved 2014-12-23. 
  8. ^ National Register of Historic Places
  9. ^ "MTA Will Completely Close 30 Subway Stations For Months-Long "Revamp"". Gothamist. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 
  10. ^ "MTAStations" (PDF). governor.ny.gov. Government of the State of New York. Retrieved 2016-07-18. 

External links[edit]