1708 in poetry
Now crowds to Founder Bocaj [Jacob Tonson] did resort
And for his Favour humbly made their Court.
The little Wits attended at his Gate
And Men of Title did his Levee wait;
For he, as Sovereign by Prerogative,
Old Members did exclude, and new receive.
He judg'd who most were for the Order fit,
And Chapters held to make new Knights of Wit.
-- From Richard Blackmore's The Kit-Kats. A Poem, Chapter 6, published this year and referring to the Kit-Kat Club in which the influential publisher Jacob Tonson was a prominent member. Tonson was influential in getting recognition for many poets in his series of anthologies.
- Edmund Arwaker, Truth in Fiction; or, Morality in Masquerade
- Sir Richard Blackmore, The Kit-Cats
- Ebenezer Cooke (also spelled "Cook"), "The Sot-Weed Factor: The Laws, Government, Courts, and Constitution of the Country; and also the Buildings, Feasts, Frolics, Entertainments, and Drunken Humours of the Inhabitants of that Part of America' ', a satirical poem by an English Colonial American in Maryland
- Elijah Fenton, Oxford and Cambridge Miscellany Poems
- John Gay, Wine, published anonymously
- Charles Gildon, Libertas Triumphans, on the battle of Oudenarde, July 11
- Aaron Hill, The Celebrated Speeches of Ajax and Ulysses for the Armour of Achilles, published anonymously, translated from Ovid's Metamorphoses
- William King, The Art of Cookery
- Matthew Prior, Poems on Several Occasions, published this year, although the book states "1709"
- Benjamin Tompson, The Gramarrian's Funeral, English Colonial America
- Isaac Watts, Hymns and Spiritual Songs
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- April 23 – Friedrich von Hagedorn (died 1754), German
- October 16 – Albrecht von Haller (died 1777), German
- December 18 – John Collier (died 1786) English caricaturist and satirical poet known by the pseudonym "Tim Bobbin" or "Timothy Bobbin"
- Georg Heinrich Behr (died 1761), German
- Philip Francis, year uncertain (died 1773), Irish translator, poet and playwright
- Laetitia Pilkington, year uncertain (died 1750), Irish
- John Seccomb, (died c. 1783), English Colonial American clergyman and poet
- Sir Charles Hanbury Williams (died 1759), English diplomat and satiric poet
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- Francisco Ayerra de Santa María (born 1630), Puerto Rico's first native born poet
- Petter Dass (born 1648), a Norwegian poet
- Johanna Eleonora De la Gardie (born 1661), Swedish poet
- Pan Lei (born 1646), Chinese Qing dynasty scholar and poet
- Jane Turell (died 1735), daughter of Benjamin Colman, English Colonial America
- William Walsh (born 1663), English poet and critic
- Mack, Maynard, Alexander Pope: A Life, Chapter 6, p 123, 1985 (but copyright 1986), first New York edition (also published simultaneously in London): W. W. Norton & Company "in association with Yale University Press / New Haven - London" ISBN 0-393-02208-0
- s:Trapp, Joseph (DNB00)
- Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
- Burt, Daniel S., The Chronology of American Literature: : America's literary achievements from the colonial era to modern times, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004, ISBN 978-0-618-16821-7, retrieved via Google Books
- Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press
- Grun, Bernard, The Timetables of History, third edition, 1991 (original book, 1946), page 324
-  "A Timeline of English Poetry" Web page of the Representative Poetry Online Web site, University of Toronto