1772 in music
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- January 1 - "At length the fleeting Year is o’er", a setting by William Boyce of an ode by William Whitehead, receives its first public performance, at St James's Palace in London, England.
- January 2 – The funeral of Sigismund von Schrattenbach, Archbishop of Salzburg, is the occasion for the first performance of Michael Haydn's Missa pro defunctis Archespiscopo.
- March 13 – Florian Leopold Gassmann replaces Georg Reutter II as Hofkapellmeister to the court of Emperor Joseph II in Vienna.
- June 5 – Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf is ennobled by Empress Maria Theresa.
- date unknown
- Johann Christian Bach – Symphonie Concertante in G C32
- Luigi Boccherini – 6 Cello Sonatas
- Christian Cannabich – Symphony No. 50 in D minor
- Johann Christian Fischer – Oboe Concerto No.1 in C major
- Florian Leopold Gassmann
- La Betulia Liberata (oratorio)
- 6 Quintets, Op. 2
- François Joseph Gossec – Symphony 'de Chasse', RH 41
- Joseph Haydn
- Guillaume Lasceux – Magnificat in F major
- Gabriele Leone – 6 Duos pour deux violons qui peuvent se jouer sur la mandoline et sur le pardessus (6 Duets for two violins that can be played on the mandolin and on the descant viol)
- Andrea Luchesi – 6 Sonatas for harpsichord and violin Op. 1
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Church Sonata in E-flat major, K.67/41h
- Symphony No.15 in G major, K.124
- Regina coeli in B-flat major, K.127
- Divertimenti K. 136–138 "Salzburg Symphonies"
- String Quartet No.2 in D major, K.155/134a
- String Quartet No.4 in C major, K.157
- Die Mailänder Quartette K. Anh 210–213
- James Nares – 6 Fugues with Introductory Voluntary's for the Organ or Harpsichord
- Giovanni Paisiello – Requiem for Gennara di Borbone
- Franz Xaver RIchter – 6 String Quartets, Op. 5
- Giovanni Battista Sammartini – Symphony in A major, J-C 60
- Carl Stamitz – 6 Symphonies, Op. 9
- Pasquale Anfossi – Alessandro nelle Indie
- Johann Christian Bach
- Domenico Cimarosa – Le stravaganze del conte
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Giovanni Paisiello
- Tommaso Traetta – Antigona
Methods and theory writings
- Michel Corrette – Nouvelle méthode pour apprendre à jouer la Mandoline
- Louis-Joseph Francoeur – Diapason général de tous les instrumens à vent
- Raparlier – Principes de musique
- Johann Karl Gustav Wernich – Versuch einer richtigen Lehrart die Harfe zu spielen
- January 18 – Antonio Rodriguez de Hita, Spanish composer (died 1787)
- March 30 – Johann Wilhelm Wilms, composer (died 1847)
- April 1 – Ignaz Franz von Mosel, composer and conductor (died 1844)
- April 25 – Louis Deland, actor, singer and dancer (died 1823)
- May 1 – Jacques-Michel Hurel de Lamare, cellist (died 1823)
- May 2 – Friedrich von Hardenberg, librettist and poet (died 1801)
- June 10 – Greta Naterberg, folk singer (d. 1818)
- June 12 – Franz Cramer, violinist (died 1848)
- July 15 – Lucile Grétry, French composer (died 1790)
- September 3 – Nicola Tacchinardi, cellist and operatic tenor (died 1859)
- September 27 – Antonio Casimir Cartellieri, Polish-Austrian composer (died 1807)
- October 4 – Francois-Louis Perne, composer (died 1832)
- November 18 – Prince of Prussia Louis Ferdinand, composer and prince (died 1806)
- unknown date – Cyrill Demian, piano and organ maker (died 1847)
- February 13 – Pierre-Claude Foucquet, organist and harpsichordist (born 1694)
- March – Francesco Carattoli, operatic bass (born c.1705)
- March 11 – Georg Reutter II, composer (born 1708)
- April 19 – Johann Peter Kellner, organist and composer (born 1705)
- April 22 – Marie Favart, opera singer, actress and dancer (born 1727)
- May 6 – Edmund Pascha, organist and composer (born 1714)
- June 15 – Claude Daquin, composer and organist (born 1694)
- August 21 – Alessandro Felici, Italian composer (born 1742)
- October 8 – Jean-Joseph de Mondonville, violinist and composer (born 1711)
- Panna Cinka, violinist (born 1711)
- The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History, Politics, and Literature for the Year ... J. Dodsley. 1780. p. 2.
- "January 1, 1772". Music & History. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
- "January 2, 1772". Music & History. Retrieved 29 April 2019.
- Classic FM Diary 2011
- Don Michael Randel (1999). The Harvard Concise Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Harvard University Press. p. 631. ISBN 978-0-674-00084-1.
- Johann Baptist Vanhal (2002). Flute quartet in C, op. 7 [i.e. 8] no. 6: (Weinmann Vb:C1). Artaria. p. iii.
- Howard Chandler Robbins Landon (1994). Haydn: Chronicle and Works. Thames and Hudson. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-500-01168-3.
- Nick Rossi; Talmage Fauntleroy (1999). Domenico Cimarosa: His Life and His Operas. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-313-30112-4.
- Jno Leland Hunt (1975). Giovanni Paisiello, his life as an opera composer. National Opera Association. p. 70.
- John Glenn Paton (1994). Italian Arias of the Baroque and Classical Eras: High. Alfred Music Publishing. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-7390-2191-0.
- Thomas Edward Brown (1998). Fo'c's'le Yarns: An Uncensored Edition of Four Manx Narratives in Verse. University Press of America. p. 260. ISBN 978-0-7618-1215-9.
- Philip H. Highfill; Kalman A. Burnim; Edward A. Langhans (1975). A Biographical Dictionary of Actors, Actresses, Musicians, Dancers, Managers, and Other Stage Personnel in London, 1660-1800: Corye to Dynion. SIU Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-8093-0693-0.
- Anya Laurence (1978). Women of Notes: 1,000 Women Composers Born Before 1900. R. Rosen Press. p. 59.
- Theodore Baker; Nicolas Slonimsky (1940). Biographical Dictionary of Musicians: Supplement 1949. G. Schirmer. p. 1076.
- Chicago Symphony Orchestra; Arthur Mees (1914). Descriptive Program. Orchestral Association. p. 261.