1825 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1822
1823
1824
1825
1826
1827
1828

Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1825.

Dinosaurs[edit]

Newly named dinosaurs[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[2]

Name Novelty Status Author(s) Age Unit Location Notes Images

Iguanodon[3]

Gen. nov.

Valid

Gideon Algernon Mantell

Barremian, 126–125 mya

Tilgate Forest, Forest Marble Formation, Wessex Formation, Bernissart, Calizas de La Huergina Formation, Arcillas de Morella Formation, Cedar Mountain Formation

 England  Belgium  Spain  United States

In a presentation to the Royal Society of London, Mantell reports his conclusion that the newly named Iguanodon is a new giant herbivorous reptile. A formal description was published in writing later in the year.[4] The original type species, I. anglicus (an amended form of the original I. anglicum) was only named in 1829 by Friedrich Holl. This created a proper binomial.[5] Later in 1881, a second species, I. bernissartensis, was named by George Albert Boulenger. This species then became the type species as I. anglicus and the original Iguanodon material were moved into the genus Therosaurus.[6]

Iguanodon NT.jpg Iguanodon4.jpg 2011-07-09 gasometer 38.JPG

Newly named birds[edit]

Name Novelty Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Larus toliapicus [7]

Sp. nov

Valid

E. Koenig

Early Eocene

Ypresian,

MP 8,

London Clay Formation

 England

Described as a Laridae, but transferred to hid new genus Halcyornis Owen, 1846, and placed in the new family Halcyornithidae Harrison et Walker, 1972, This family was placed in synonymy with the family Pseudasturidae Mayr, 1998 by Mayr, 2009, stem Psittaciformes, this is the type species of the new genus.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ Mantell, G.A. (1825). "Notice on the Iguanodon, a newly discovered fossil reptile, from the sandstone of Tilgate Forest, in Sussex". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 115: 179–186. doi:10.1098/rstl.1825.0010. ISSN 0261-0523. JSTOR 107739. 
  4. ^ Farlow, J.O.; Brett-Surmann, M.K. (1999). The Complete Dinosaur. Indiana University Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-253-21313-4. 
  5. ^ Holl, F. (1829). Handbuch der Petrifaktenkunde: Ouedlinberg. Dresden: P.G. Hilscher 1. OCLC 7188887. 
  6. ^ Paul, G.S. (2008). "A revised taxonomy of the iguanodont dinosaur genera and species". Cretaceous Research 29 (2): 192–216. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2007.04.009. 
  7. ^ E. Koenig (1825). Icones fossilium sectilis: 1–44.