1869 Christchurch earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

1869 Christchurch earthquake
1869 Christchurch earthquake is located in New Zealand
1869 Christchurch earthquake
Local date5 June 1869 (1869-06-05)
Local time8:00 a.m.
Magnitude6.0 ML[1]
Epicenter44°S 173°E / 44°S 173°E / -44; 173Coordinates: 44°S 173°E / 44°S 173°E / -44; 173[1]
Areas affectedSouth Island New Zealand
Max. intensityVII–VIII[1]
CasualtiesNone

The 1869 Christchurch earthquake occurred at 8:00 am on 5 June, near New Brighton, with an estimated Richter magnitude of 6.0.[1] The shock had a Mercalli Intensity of VII–VIII.[1][2]

The shock damaged several brick and stone buildings in the city, destroying chimneys and damaging the spire of St John's church in Hereford Street.[3][4]

The effects of the earthquake on stone buildings such as St. Johns prompted the Church of St Michael and All Angels to be built using timber.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Pettinga, J.R.; Yetton M.D.; Van Dissen R.J. & Downes G. (2001). "Earthquake source identification and characterisation for the Canterbury Region, South Island, New Zealand" (PDF). Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering. 34 (4): 307. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  2. ^ "Canterbury has a shaky history". Fairfax NZ News. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Severe Earthquake in Canterbury". Daily Southern Cross. XXV (3712). 11 June 1869. p. 3. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  4. ^ "GeoNet - M 7.1, Darfield (Canterbury), September 4, 2010". GeoNet. Archived from the original on 2 March 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  5. ^ "St Michael's & All Angels". The Star. 15 December 1869. p. 2. Retrieved 21 October 2011.