Ken Ring (writer)
Ken Ring is a writer from Auckland, New Zealand, who asserts that he can use lunar cycles to predict weather and earthquakes. He terms his predictions "alternative weather" and has authored books about the weather and climate. Ring publishes almanacs each year for New Zealand, Australia and Ireland in which he provides weather predictions for the entire year. His New Zealand almanac covers 64 towns. Ring's methods are unscientific and have been widely criticised as fake and pseudoscience by many scientists in the fields of meteorology and geology.
Ring says he predicted the 4 September 2010 Christchurch earthquake and the deadly 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. He also said there would probably be an earthquake in Marlborough or north Canterbury "just before noon" on 20 March 2011. This caused some residents to leave Christchurch and led to criticism from scientists and sceptics. Further research into his predictions showed that his forecasting record did not hold up under scrutiny.
Ken Ring has been a mathematics teacher, musician, actor, clown, speech therapist, private tutor to children with learning difficulties, teacher of English as a second language, and part-time teacher's college lecturer. He has used magic to teach children about mathematics, performing under the name "Mathman", and has written books on mathematics, magic, teaching and music. He also co-wrote a book on reading cats' paws, which he says was a joke.
Ring is known for attempting to predict weather and authors books on "how the moon affects the weather", which include an almanac each year for New Zealand (since 1999), Australia (since 2006) and Ireland (since 2010). He believes that the cycle of weather follows a lunar pattern and can be used to predict weather many years in advance. The lunar cycle occurs every 9 years, while the solar cycle repeats at 11 year intervals and by assessing the two Ring believes that the weather recycles through a 355-day cycle, a 19-year cycle, and a 36-year cycle. According to his website it is not an exact science - it's not scientific at all[original research?] - and is opinion-based similar to economics or political science or astrology and his rainfall predictions can be out by 24 hours and a radius of 50 to 60 miles (80 to 97 km).
His New Zealand almanac covers 64 towns. He also writes columns for farming and fishing publications and is an on-call weather reporter for Channel 7's Today Tonight show. He says he has provided forecasts for specific events including the Melbourne Cup, Ellerslie Flower Show and the Auckland Santa Parade. Ring speaks at various business and media events and has produced long range weather predictions for the Gisborne City Council through to 2020.
He terms his predictions "alternative weather" and they are not supported by real science. Author of the New Zealand Weather Book and MetService employee Erick Brenstrum, wrote a column in the New Zealand Geographic analysing his 2005 predictions. He compared two weather systems (the northwest winds that bring rain to the west coast and lows that bring rain to the east coast) and has stated that out of 40 occurrences only 1 matched with Ring's predictions. Ken replied accusing Brenstrum of bullying and insists he has proof of an 85 percent success rate, to which the editor responded with: "...once you publish a book, you're fair game for public scrutiny of its content and your own competence." Retired schoolteacher and amateur astronomer Bill Keir believes Ring makes a genuine attempt at scientific discourse, but doesn't understand the science or changes it to fit with his own theories. Keir published articles in the Auckland Astronomical Society journal that examine and critique Ring's theories.
Ring says that a former client and member of the All Blacks management approached him in 2007 for forecasts on days when the team was playing, reportedly to aid in team selections. Ian Ferguson, a former Olympian and now an events organiser says he consults with Ring before any big event and has never had to cancel. Ring uses similar methods (moons position and phase) to predict when fish will bite, publishing his predictions in the NZ Fishing World magazine. Ring denies global warming, stating that it is a "politically-motivated power grab by politicians and the far left" and "full of bad science". During the launch of his 2008 almanac he said that "we have a responsibility to create global warming" as "life likes warmth".
Ring predicts earthquakes based on the position of the moon. On his website he says that when the moon (in particular the new moon) is at perigee (closest to the earth) it may affect the Earth's mantle and alter the magnetic field. It may also draw the Van Allen Belt closer, attracting radioactively charged particles towards Earth. Ring believes this combination may be responsible for earthquakes and volcanoes. Ring has predicted 221 days of increased earthquake risk for New Zealand in 2011 and more than half of the time between the start of January and the end of March as earthquake risk.
On his weekly Radio Waatea broadcast on 3 September 2010 he said "you’ll be reading about floods and winds and earthquakes and snow over the next week or so, particularly the South Island". Early the next morning a 7.1 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch.
On 7 September 2010 he wrote on his website that there would "probably be an east/west faultline event" in Marlborough or north Canterbury "just before noon" on 20 March 2011. The next day he wrote on Twitter, "The Christchurch earthquake was predictable. And there's another coming in 6 months." He directed readers to his website to find out just when it would be. Another two days later in a Radio Live interview, he told Marcus Lush that "the next one" would be "round about lunchtime on the 20th of March" and that "the South Island is going to be right in the firing line".
The morning of 20 March 2011 sees the South island again in a big earthquake risk for all the same reasons. This date is the closest fly-past the moon does in all of 2011. The node arrives on the 20th at 9.44am. As that date coincides with lunar equinox this will probably be an east/west faultline event this time, and therefore should be more confined to a narrower band of latitude. The only east/west fault lines in NZ are in Marlborough and N Canterbury. All factors should come together for a moon-shot straight through the centre of the earth and targeting NZ. The time will be just before noon. It could be another for the history books.— Ken Ring, Predict Weather, 7 September 2010
On 14 February 2011 Ring tweeted "Potential earthquake time for the planet between 15th–25th, especially 18th for Christchurch, +/- about 3 days." A deadly 6.3 magnitude aftershock struck Christchurch on 22 February.
Following the earthquakes Ring received a lot of media attention. John Campbell interviewed Ring on Campbell Live on 28 February and was criticised for being arrogant and not giving Ring a fair chance to speak. Campbell later apologised, but his interview may have unintentionally generated sympathy for Ring. Prior to 20 March 2011, Cabinet minister Nick Smith, who has a PhD in geotechnical engineering, said Ring's predictions were "reckless and irresponsible" and suggested that Ring should be "held to account for his predictions of a further earthquake in Christchurch". Smith added that "the last thing needed by thousands of traumatised people in Canterbury, including elderly and children, is junk science and made-up predictions of future major quakes." Smith described Ring as "scaremongering" and attended a lunch on 20 March at the Sign of the Kiwi, close to the epicentre of the 22 February earthquake, organised by the New Zealand Skeptics organisation. After the widespread death and destruction caused by the earlier earthquakes counsellors say his prediction for 20 March terrified "even the most rational" of people. 18 March had been made a special public holiday for Christchurch, and some residents left the city for the three-day weekend of 18–20 March, citing a mix of doubt and concern over the prediction, as well as wishing to have a break from the aftershocks and to take advantage of the long weekend. A 5.1 magnitude aftershock occurred at 9:47 pm (NZDT) on 20 March, and according to his supporters validated Ring's prediction. Scientists contend there is no link with Ring's predictions, and with a quake measuring 5 or higher occurring once every 11 days since 4 September, it was within the range expected in the ongoing aftershock pattern.
David Winter, a PhD student in evolutionary genetics, analysed Ring's predictions and noted that the moon only explains a 2% variation in earthquake activity and wrote that cognitive and hindsight bias are possible reasons for so many people believing his predictions. New Zealand's TV3 news channel says they have not been able to "find a single scientist, geologist or seismologist which believes in Ken Ring's theories". Alison Campbell, a lecturer in science education at the University of Waikato, criticised Ring's predictions for "imprecision", "inconsistencies", and being "vaguely worded", and described Ring as "hedging his bets."
|“||The problem is though, that such vaguely worded 'predictions', with their lack of precision, are so wide open that they lend themselves to confirmation bias. – Alison Campbell, March 2011||”|
One such example of confirmation bias is a Ring prediction from 2011, which was reported in an article for local Wellington newspaper, the Upper Hutt Leader. On 14 November 2016, Kaikoura and Wellington city experienced a M7.8 earthquake. Ring was quoted in 2011 as saying "I do expect earthquake activity exceeding 7 on the Richter to come about every 11 to 13 years, as they have done in Wellington in February 1893, August 1904, August 1917, July 1929, August 1942, May 1968 and May 1992. As the last in the series of above-7s was in 1992 we can reasonably expect a 7 mag between 2013 and 2016," allowing a full four-year window for an earthquake to occur, making the "prediction" useless.
- Sarah Lang (23 June 2008). "Thinking outside the square". New Zealand Herald.
- Bill Keir. "Does the Moon Cause the River (part 1)". Auckland Astronomical Society. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Agence France-Presse (3 March 2011). "Scientists slam 'Moonman' earthquake predictor". physorg.com. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
- Greg Robertson (23 February 2011). "Valentine's Day tweet predicted Christchurch quake? Ken Ring". 3 News. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- Ring, Ken (7 September 2010). "Christchurch earthquake update". Predict Weather. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "'Reckless' quake claims not helping, says Smith". One News. 20 March 2011.
- John at SillyBeliefs.com (23 Feb 2011). "Ken Ring did NOT predict the Sept Christchurch earthquake". sillybeliefs.com. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
- "Our authors: Ken Ring". Random House Australia. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- "Author". Mathman.co.nz. Ken Ring. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- "Ken Ring - home page". Mathman.co.nz. Ken Ring. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- "Books/videos". Mathman.co.nz. Ken Ring. Retrieved 27 February 2011.
- Readfearn, Graham (6 January 2011). "A Sunrise climate cock-up and reading cat's paws". Graham Readfearn. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- Richard Macey (24 July 2006). "Blame it on the moon, says long-range forecaster". Sydney Morning Herald.
- Martin Ryan (2 February 2010). "Kiwi weatherman offers ray of summer sunshine". Independent.ie.
- "The home of long range weather". Predict Weather. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- A. Sofaer, R. M. Sinclair and L. E. Doggett (1982). "Lunar Markings on Fajada Butte, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico". In A.F. Aveni. Archaeoastronomy in the New World. Cambridge University Press. pp. 169–86.
- Friis-Christensen, E.; Lassen, K. (1991). "Length of the Solar Cycle: An Indicator of Solar Activity Closely Associated with Climate". Science. 254 (5032): 698–700. Bibcode:1991Sci...254..698F. doi:10.1126/science.254.5032.698. PMID 17774798.
- Ken Ring (1 October 2009). "An inexact science". Predict Weather. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Errol Kiong (6 September 2007). "Moon man offers forecasts to help selectors". New Zealand Herald.
- Anna Rushworth and Anna Leask (21 September 2008). "Weather with a jazz beat". New Zealand Herald.
- "Ken Ring, the Moonman, and lunar science". Predict Weather. 12 August 2010. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Gareth Renowden (19 September 2006). "On The Farm Truffles & Stuff: Ringworld". Gareth Renowden. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Bill Keir. "Does the Moon Cause the River (part 2)". Auckland Astronomical Society. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Bill Keir. "Does the Moon Cause the River (part 3)". Auckland Astronomical Society. Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Steve Mason (18 March 2011). "Running rings around the Moon". The Marlborough Express.
- Geoff Thomas (27 March 2011). "Moon Man right on the spot". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- "Imagine no global warming, it's easy if you try." Predict Weather. 2 October 2009. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- "Threat to freedom: global warning". Predict Weather. 25 January 2010. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Ken Ring (1 October 2009). "Global warming in a flat-Earth". Predict Weather. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- "Self-taught forecaster wants warmer world". Taranaki Daily News. 3 October 2008. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Ken Ring (25 October 2010). "Can earthquakes be predicted?". Predict Weather. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- Nathan Crombie (21 March 2011). "Ring prediction dismissed". Wairarapa Times-Age.
- Dan Satherley (17 March 2011). "Ken Ring: Can he actually predict earthquakes?". 3 News.
- Butterfield, Tania (18 February 2011). "Quake prediction 'like a horoscope'". The Marlborough Express. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- Ring, Ken (8 September 2010). "The Christchurch earthquake was predictable. And there's another coming in 6 months. See www.predictweather.com to find out when". Twitter. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- "Ken Ring and his natural disaster predictions – audio". Radio Live. 10 September 2010.
- Ring, Ken (14 February 2011). "Potential earthquake time for the planet between 15th-25th, especially 18th for Christchurch, +/- about 3 days. www.predictweather.com". Twitter. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- "Ken Ring: 'I predicted the Christchurch quake'". 3 News. 28 Feb 2011.
- "Viewers criticise John Campbell". The Southland Times. 1 March 2011.
- John Campbell (1 March 2011). "John Campbell to Ken Ring: I am sincerely sorry". 3 News.
- Tim Hume (23 March 2011). "Christchurch begins to believe 'Moon Man' who predicted quakes". The Independent.
- Alex Walls (15 March 2011). "Nick Smith: Ken Ring offensive; should be held to account". The National Business Review. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
ACC Minister Nick Smith has said that earthquake soothsayer Ken Ring was "reckless" and "irresponsible" and that he ought to be held to account for his predictions of a further earthquake in Christchurch.
- Agence France-Presse (14 March 2011). "New Zealand sceptics defy 'Moonman' quake prophecy". Canada.com. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
Geologists, engineers and like-minded sceptics will meet in earthquake-devastated Christchurch Sunday to mock "junk science" predictions another major tremor will hit the city this weekend.
- Andre Hueber (13 March 2011). "Christchurch earthquake: Sceptics take aim at Ken Ring". New Zealand Herald.
- "Christchurch earthquake death toll reaches 182". Stuff. 17 March 2011.
- "Strong earthquake rocks New Zealand's South Island". BBC News. 3 September 2010.
- Stacey Wood and Kirsty Johnston (17 March 2011). "Ken Ring's Christchurch earthquake claims 'terrifying' people". The Dominion Post.
- Michael Wright (19 March 2011). "Christchurch residents flee". Stuff.co.nz.
- "5.1 aftershock hits Christchurch". Stuff. 20 March 2011.
- Dan Satherley (21 March 2011). "Ken Ring supporters: 'Told you so!'". 3 News.
- Paul Gorman (21 March 2011). "No revival of a bad moon rising, Mr Ring". The Press.
- Winter, David (1 March 2011). "Ken Ring can't predict earthquakes either". The Atavism. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
- "Ken Ring: 'I predicted the Christchurch quake'". 3 News. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
We have not found a single scientist, geologist or seismologist which believes in Ken Ring's theories.
- "Dr Alison Campbell". Science Learning Hub. The University of Waikato. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- Campbell, Alison (1 March 2011). "Predicting earthquakes: hedging your bets". BioBlog. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
He's also hedging his bets – the phrasing here is so vague that just about any untoward event would count as an accurate prediction. Just what would qualify as a "severe weather event"? Will it really be "worldwide" – as in the sense of "global" – or is this statement intentionally broad so that any instance of severe weather on March 20th, anywhere in the world, could thus count as a 'correct' prediction? (What is "severe", anyway?) I have asked Ken for clarification on this, on the SciBlogs mirror of my blog, but so far – despite him saying there that "I never shy away from questions" – I’m afraid I’ve had no further clarification.
- "Moon Man predicts big quake by 2016". Upper Hutt Leader. Upper Hutt Leader. 5 October 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- Predict Weather, website of Ken Ring Ltd
- New Zealand Skeptics Online: Ken Ring and Earthquake Predictions