1873 in Wales
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- Prince of Wales — The Prince Albert Edward, son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom
- Princess of Wales — Alexandra of Denmark
- 1 March — The sailing ship Chacabuco sinks off the Great Orme with the loss of 24 lives.
- 9 October — The first recorded sheepdog trial in the UK takes place at Bala.
- 2 December — In a mining accident at Hafod Colliery, Rhiwabon, five men are killed.
- Construction of the Holyhead breakwater (the longest in the world) is completed after 28 years.
- Work begins on the Severn tunnel.
- The Glyn Valley Tramway opens, carrying slate from Glyn Ceiriog to Chirk.
- Construction of the Morriston Tabernacle chapel, the biggest in Wales at the time.
- Construction of lighthouse on Ynys Llanddwyn.
Arts and literature
- Rhoda Broughton — Nancy
- Robert Elis (Cynddelw) — Manion Hynafiaethol
- Ebenezer Thomas - Gweithiau Barddonol Eben Fardd (posthumously published)
- Henry Brinley Richards — Songs of Wales
- December — Major Walter Wingfield of Nantclwyd Hall at Llanelidan designs a game for the amusement of his visitors. Wingfield soon patents nets for the game of lawn tennis, which he calls "sphairistike".
- 7 January — Christopher Williams, Welsh artist (died 1934)
- 16 January — Ivor Guest, 1st Viscount Wimborne, politician (died 1939)
- 7 April
- 23 April — Sir Robert Thomas, 1st Baronet, politician (died 1951)
- 1 May — Harry Evans, musician (died 1914)
- 2 June — Anna Eliza Williams, supercentenarian (died 1987)
- 5 June — Ben Davies, Wales international rugby player (died 1930)
- date unknown — Arthur Tysilio Johnson ("The Perfidious Welshman") (died 1956)
- January — John Emlyn Jones, poet (born 1818)
- 27 January — Josiah Thomas Jones, publisher (born 1799)
- 29 March — David Jones, merchant in Australia (born 1793)
- 17 May — Lord William Paget, soldier and politician (born 1803)
- 9 October — John Evan Thomas, sculptor (born 1810)
- 31 October — William Ambrose (Emrys), poet (born 1813)
- 10 November — Maria Jane Williams, musician (born 1795)
- date unknown — William Jones, Chartist leader