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This article is about the particular significance of the year 1874 to Wales and its people.
- 24 January — Four pilots and two apprentices are drowned in an accident off Llanddwyn on Anglesey.
- February - In the United Kingdom general election, 1874, newly elected MPs include David Davies (Llandinam) at Cardigan (returned unopposed).
- 15 July — Foundation stone laid for the clock tower at Machynlleth, built to mark the coming of age in 1873 of Viscount Castlereagh, the eldest son of the 5th Marquess of Londonderry of Plas Machynlleth.
- 20 July — In a mining accident at Charles Colliery, Llansamlet, nineteen men are killed.
- October — The Western Mail reports a deathbed confession made to a minister in the USA by a man who claimed he carried out the assault for which Dic Penderyn was executed in 1831.
- 16 October — The first issue of Yr Ymwelydd is published in Australia under the editorship of William Meirion Evans.
- Coal-owner Sir George Elliot is raised to the baronetcy by the new prime minister, Disraeli.
- Strike at Dinorwig slate quarry.
- The Welsh Flannel Company is established at Holywell.
- Opening of the Powysland Museum at Welshpool.
- Henry Davis Pochin begins laying out Bodnant Garden.
- John Mathias Berry and his wife Mary move to Merthyr Tydfil. The three sons born to them there will all go on to achieve success in business and be raised to the peerage: Henry Seymour Berry, 1st Baron Buckland, William Ewart Berry, 1st Viscount Camrose and Gomer Berry, 1st Viscount Kemsley.
- Frances Morgan marries Dr George Hoggan. They later open the first husband-and-wife general medical practice in the UK.
- William Basil Jones becomes Bishop of St David's.
- Rev. Richard Williams Morgan is consecrated First Patriarch of a restored Ancient British Church by Jules Ferrette, the founder of the British Orthodox Church, taking the religious name of 'Mar Pelagius I' and undertaking to revive Celtic Christianity as practised prior to the Synod of Whitby while continuing duties as an Anglican clergyman.
Arts and literature
- 4 February — Thomas Wallace Fagan, agricultural scientist (died 1951)
- 6 February — David Evans, composer (died 1948)
- 20 May (in India) — Sir George Lewis Barstow, civil servant (died 1966)
- 2 July — George Boots — international rugby player (died 1928)
- 15 July — Gwyn Nicholls, Wales rugby captain (died 1939)
- 16 July — William Alexander Wales international rugby player (died 1937)
- 20 July — David Bowen (Myfyr Hefin), minister and author (died 1955)
- 30 July — Billy Meredith, footballer (died 1958)
- 31 October — James Henry Thomas, politician (died 1949)
- 12 November - Rachel Barrett, editor and suffragette (died 1953)
- 1 December — Dick Hellings, Wales international rugby player (died 1938)
- 30 December — Nantlais Williams, poet and religious leader (died 1959)
- date unknown
- 3 January — Morris Williams (Nicander), author, 64
- 19 January - John Parry, editor, 61
- 19 April — Owen Jones, architect, 65
- 8 May (in Launceston, Tasmania) — Zephaniah Williams, Chartist leader, 78
- 17 June — Sir Stephen Glynne, 9th Baronet, 66
- 10 August — David Davies (Dai'r Cantwr), Rebecca rioter (born about 1812)
- 19 August — Joseph Kenny Meadows, illustrator, 83
- 3 October - Owen Williams (Owen Gwyrfai), poet, 84
- 14 November — John Ambrose Lloyd, musician, 59
- 19 November — Mary Pendrill Llewelyn, writer and translator (born 1811)