1883 in sports
1883 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
- Modification of the scoring rules produces a system of four points for a touchdown, two points for kicks after touchdowns, two points for safeties, and five for field goals.
- FA Cup final – Blackburn Olympic 2–1 Old Etonians (aet). This is the first time that the FA Cup is won by a professional team and by a team from the north of England.
- Burnley FC moves to its present ground at Turf Moor and plays its first game there in February against Rawtenstall, but loses 6–3.
- Bristol Rovers founded as Black Arabs FC.
- National League v. American Association – Boston Beaneaters (NL) v. Philadelphia Athletics (AA) cancelled
- The NL, AA, and Northwestern League limit competition in the Tripartite Agreement, the first National Agreement and the birth of so-called "Organised Baseball".
- 6 September — Chicago White Stockings set a still standing record for Major League Baseball by scoring 18 runs in a single inning (the 7th) in a game against the Detroit Wolverines.
- American heavyweight champion John L. Sullivan has a scare when he is knocked down in the first round of his fight against Charley Mitchell in New York City. He recovers to secure a technical knockout when police intervene after the third round and stop the fight. Sullivan goes on tour across America, fighting mainly in exhibition bouts; none of his genuine challengers last more than three rounds.
- England tours Australia to play a Test series of three matches, England winning 2–1 and so regaining The Ashes for the first time.
- Champion County – Nottinghamshire
- Most runs – Walter Read 1,573 @ 47.66 (HS 168)
- Most wickets – Ted Barratt 148 @ 15.90 (BB 8–28)
- Grand National – Zoedone
- 1,000 Guineas Stakes – Hauteur
- 2,000 Guineas Stakes – Galliard
- Epsom Derby – St. Blaise
- Epsom Oaks – Bonny Jean
- St. Leger Stakes – Ossian
- Melbourne Cup – Martini-Henry
- Queen's Plate – Roddy Pringle
- The first Montreal Winter Carnival ice hockey tournament is held as part of the Montreal Winter Carnival in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in late January and early February. It is the first championship ice hockey tournament and is won by the Montreal McGill University team.
- 5 March – The Ottawa Hockey Club is founded.
- First organised competition takes place in Davos, Switzerland
The Boat Race
Home Nations Championship
- The inaugural series is won by England
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – William Renshaw (GB) defeats Ernest Renshaw (GB) 2–6 6–3 6–3 4–6 6–3
- Cyber Boxing Zone – John L Sullivan. Retrieved on 12 November 2009.
- A semi-official seasonal title proclaimed by media consensus prior to December 1889 when the official County Championship is constituted.