1882 in sports
1882 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
- At the 1882 rules meeting, Walter Camp proposes that a team be required to advance the ball a minimum of five yards within three downs. These down-and-distance rules, combined with the already-established line of scrimmage, transform the game from a variation of rugby or association football into the distinct sport of American football.
- FA Cup final – Old Etonians 1–0 Blackburn Rovers at The Oval, the first time that a professional club has reached the final
- Tottenham Hotspur founded as Hotspur FC by members of the Hotspur Cricket Club in Tottenham.
- 18 February — Ireland makes its international debut, losing 13–0 to England in Belfast. Ireland is the world's fourth international team following England, Scotland and Wales.
- Charles G Tebbutt of the Bury Fen bandy club is responsible for the first published rules of bandy and also for introducing the game into the Netherlands and Sweden, as well as elsewhere in England.
- Foundation of Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates and St. Louis Cardinals
- The American Association opens in six southerly cities from St. Louis to Philadelphia, a new professional baseball league that will rival the NL.
- The National League completes two years with one circuit, eight northerly cities from Chicago to Boston.
- 7 February — John L. Sullivan defeats Paddy Ryan in nine rounds at Mississippi City to claim the Heavyweight Championship of America. Apart from Sullivan's famous 1889 fight against Jake Kilrain, this is the last major bareknuckle contest fought under London Prize Ring Rules. Sullivan will increasingly fight under Queensberry Rules from now on using gloves and will become the first generally recognised World Heavyweight Champion from 1885.
- England, led by Alfred Shaw, tours Australia and plays a four-match Test series. Australia wins the series 2–0.
- 8 April (approx.) — formation of Warwickshire County Cricket Club at a meeting in Coventry
- 10 May — formation of Durham County Cricket Club
- 8, 9 & 10 June — Somerset County Cricket Club plays its inaugural first-class match v. Lancashire at Old Trafford and joins the County Championship, but for only four seasons initially.
- 28 & 29 August — England v. Australia at The Oval (only Test of the season). Australia wins the most famous match in history by 7 runs with F. R. Spofforth, the original "Demon Bowler", taking 7–46 and 7–44. Soon afterwards, The Sporting Times prints its legendary obituary notice:
- In Affectionate Remembrance
- ENGLISH CRICKET,
- which died at the Oval
- 29th AUGUST, 1882,
- Deeply lamented by a large circle of sorrowing
- friends and acquaintances
- N.B.—The body will be cremated and the
- ashes taken to Australia.
- Champion County – Lancashire and Nottinghamshire share the title
- Most runs – Billy Murdoch 1,582 @ 31.64 (HS 286*)
- Most wickets – Ted Peate 214 @ 11.52 (BB 8–32)
- Grand National – Seaman
- 1,000 Guineas Stakes – St. Marguerite
- 2,000 Guineas Stakes – Shotover
- Epsom Derby – Shotover
- Epsom Oaks – Geheimniss
- St. Leger Stakes – Dutch Oven
- Melbourne Cup – The Assyrian
- Queen's Plate – Fanny Wiser
- The first high school lacrosse teams are formed: Phillips Academy, Phillips Exeter Academy and the Lawrenceville School.
- Seven colleges form the first Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association (ILA), which was later replaced by the Intercollegiate Lacrosse League in 1905 (which was renamed the U.S. Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association in 1929).
The Boat Race
- Leicester Rowing Club was formed
- Foundation of Waterloo R.F.C.
- Wimbledon Men's Singles Championship – William Renshaw (GB) defeats Ernest Renshaw (GB) 6–1 2–6 4–6 6–2 6–2
- American Men's Singles Championship – Richard D. Sears (USA) defeats Clarence M. Clark (USA) 6–1 6–4 6–0
- The 6th pre-open era 1882 Men's Tennis season gets underway 43 tournaments are staged this year.
- Cyber Boxing Zone – John L Sullivan. Retrieved on 12 November 2009.
- A semi-official seasonal title proclaimed by media consensus prior to December 1889 when the official County Championship is constituted.