1918 Vancouver general strike

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The 1918 Vancouver General Strike was the first general strike in Canadian history[1] and took place on 2 August 1918. There had been talks of organizing a general strike for quite some time due to federal conscription, censorship of socialist publications, and workers demands for higher wages.[2] War-time inflation reduced real income profoundly and throughout the First World War Vancouver shipbuilders experienced a labor shortage. Numerous government policies had suppressed the work of labour activists such as strikes, lockouts and certain presses being banned.[3] Workers were also inspired by factors such as the Bolshevik Revolution the previous year and the rising cost of living.[3] The strike was eventually organized as a one-day political protest after the killing of draft evader and labour activist Albert "Ginger" Goodwin on July 27th. He had previously called for a general strike in the event that any worker was drafted against their will.[4]

Vancouver Labour Temple being raided by soldiers during the strike.

The strike was met with violence from returned soldiers who had been mobilized and supplied with vehicles to storm the Labour Temple at 411 Dunsmuir Street[5] (the present-day 411 Seniors Centre). Some opposition claimed the strike was a product of a Bolshevik conspiracy.[5] Three hundred men ransacked the offices of the Vancouver Trades and Labour Council. (VTLC) After attempting to throw VTLC secretary Victor Midgely out of a window, the soldiers forced him and a longshoreman to kiss the Union Jack.[5] A woman working in the office was also badly bruised when she prevented Midgely from being thrown out the window. Prominent suffragette and member of the Vancouver Trades and Labour Council Helena Gutteridge was also at the scene.[2]

Strike leaders could point to the vote by VTLC delegates that supported the strike 117 to 1.[5] After the strike, in response to opposition from the business and middle class, all the strike leaders resigned. Nearly all were re-elected in the ensuing election, demonstrating widespread support for the general strike among organized workers.

Although the strike call was province-wide, it was only in the city of Vancouver that it took general strike proportions. Numerous other strikes took place in the city that year, and the general strike was as much a show of labour strength as it was a political protest over Goodwin's death. At the time the strike was controversial, some saw Goodwin as a martyr for the labour movement while others saw the strike as a betrayal to Canadian ideals.[6] Although only one day in duration, the 1918 strike was an important marker in the Canadian labour revolt that peaked with the Winnipeg General Strike the following year. A 1919 Vancouver strike in sympathy with Winnipeg would be the longest general strike in Canadian history.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Miner's Memorial Day". Archived from the original on 2007-08-29. Retrieved 2007-08-05.
  2. ^ a b Howard, Irene (1992). The Struggle for Social Justice in British Columbia : Helena Gutteridge, the Unknown Reformer. Vancouver: UBC Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0774804257. OCLC 29599226.
  3. ^ a b c Bernard, Elaine (1985). "Vancouver General Strikes, 1918 and 1919". Working lives : Vancouver, 1886-1986. Vancouver: New Star Books. p. 169. ISBN 0-919573-48-7. OCLC 14152683.
  4. ^ Parker, Keith A. (1997). "Ginger Goodwin: Union Organizer". British Columbia History. 30 (2): 24.
  5. ^ a b c d Allen Seager; David Roth (2016). "British Columbia and the Mining West: A Ghost of a Chance". In Heron, Craig (ed.). The Workers' Revolt in Canada, 1917-1925. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 250. doi:10.3138/9781442682566. ISBN 978-1-4426-8256-6.
  6. ^ Parker, Keith (1997). "Ginger Goodwin: Union Organizer". B.C Historical News. 30 (2): 24.