Vancouver International Airport

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Vancouver International Airport
Aéroport international de Vancouver
Vancouver International Airport (logo as of 2007).svg
Vancouver International Airport Aerial.JPG
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Transport Canada
Operator Vancouver Airport Authority
Serves Metro Vancouver
Location Richmond, British Columbia
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone PST (UTC−08:00)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−07:00)
Elevation AMSL 13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 49°11′41″N 123°11′02″W / 49.19472°N 123.18389°W / 49.19472; -123.18389Coordinates: 49°11′41″N 123°11′02″W / 49.19472°N 123.18389°W / 49.19472; -123.18389
Website www.yvr.ca
Map
CYVR is located in Vancouver
CYVR
CYVR
Location in Vancouver
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08L/26R 9,940 3,030 Concrete
08R/26L 11,500 3,505 Asphalt/Concrete
13/31 7,300 2,225 Asphalt/Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
A 110 34 Turf
B 79 24 Asphalt
C 108 33 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Aircraft movements 306,799[1]
Number of passengers 22,288,522[1]

Vancouver International Airport (IATA: YVRICAO: CYVR) is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about 12 km (7.5 mi) from Downtown Vancouver. It is the second busiest airport in Canada by aircraft movements (306,799[1]) and passengers (22.3 million[1]), behind Toronto Pearson International Airport. It has non-stop flights daily to Asia, Europe, Oceania, the United States, Mexico and other airports within Canada. The airport has won several notable international best airport awards; it won the Skytrax Best North American Airport award in 2007 and 2010 through 2017.[4] The airport also made the list of top 10 airports in the world for the first time in 2012, rated at 9th (2012), 8th (2013), and 9th (2014) overall.[5] It is the only North American airport included in the top 10 for 2013 and 2014.[5][6][7][8] YVR also retains the distinction of Best Canadian Airport in the regional results.[9] It is a hub for Air Canada and WestJet. It is also an operating base for Air Transat. Vancouver International Airport is one of eight Canadian airports that have US Border Preclearance facilities. It is also one of the few major international airports to have a terminal for scheduled floatplanes.

Vancouver International Airport is owned by Transport Canada[10] and is managed by Vancouver Airport Authority,[11] which also manages other airports around the world through its Vantage Airport Group subsidiary.

History[edit]

In 1929 the city of Vancouver purchased land on Sea Island for aviation purposes, replacing the original grass airstrip at Minoru Park. During World War II, the airports and its original terminal, now the South Terminal, were leased to the Federal government and operated by the Department of National Defence and the Department of Transport. The airport was used for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. The crews and their families were housed in a new townsite on the island, named Burkeville after Boeing president Stanley Burke. Funds from the lease were used to purchase additional land for new hangars and a production plant for Boeing Aircraft of Canada[12] (now Boeing Canada).

The present main terminal was completed in 1968 and has since been expanded to include separate domestic and international terminals. A north runway was completed in 1996.[13]

In 2011 the airport announced that it will enact a program aiming to encourage airlines to start more flights between Vancouver and Asia.[14]

The term Pacific Gateway describes YVR for its proximity to Asia in relation to the rest of Canada, as well as the large Asian population and Canadian-Asian business connections in the region, make Vancouver International Airport the major gateway between Canada and Asia. It has more trans-Pacific flights than any other airport in Canada.

Terminals[edit]

Air Canada domestic check-in facilities at the Domestic Terminal.
All official signage in the terminal buildings is trilingual (English, French, and Simplified Chinese) except inside the U.S. Preclearance zone, where only English and French are used.
International arrivals hall
US Preclearance Annexe of the International Terminal's check-in hall.
Floatplanes at YVR South Terminal
A Canadian Aboriginal wood sculpture, located on the first floor of the domestic terminal.
The Spirit of Haida Gwaii, the Jade Canoe, located on the International departure level.
Aerial shot showing Georgia Strait near airport.

Vancouver International Airport has two terminals: the Main Terminal and the South Terminal. Free Wi-Fi is available in all sections of the airport.

Main Terminal[edit]

The Main Terminal is divided in two sections: the Domestic Terminal and the International Terminal. The majority of flights operate at the Main Terminal. The two sections are connected both pre-security and post-security; however, the US border preclearance area is separated off using movable glass partitions which can be adjusted based on the arrangement of swing gates between concourses D and E.

Domestic Terminal[edit]

The Domestic Terminal was constructed in 1968 by the Vancouver-based firm Thompson, Berwick and Pratt[15] and recently given a top-to-bottom renovation by Vancouver architect Kasian Kennedy.[16] The Domestic terminal consists of three concourses (A-C).

Concourse A[edit]

Concourse A consists of 6 gates: A6 through A12. These gates are used by WestJet Encore.

Concourse B[edit]

Concourse B comprises gates B13 through B23 and B26 through B28, for a total of 14 gates. Gates B14 to B17 have provisions allowing international arrivals in the future. Gate B23 is a ground loading ramp accessing stands 23A, 23B, and 23C. Concourse B is the hub for domestic flights for WestJet, and additionally serves domestic flights by Air North, Air Transat, Central Mountain Air, and Sunwing Airlines.

Concourse C[edit]

There are 24 gates in Concourse C: C29 through C52. This is the hub for Air Canada and Air Canada Express domestic flights. C50, C51 and C52 are also frequently used by WestJet as they are swing gates and can be used for international arrivals and departures (designated as D50 to D52). In addition, C48 and C49 can receive international/US arrivals.

International Terminal[edit]

The International Terminal was designed by Vancouver-based Architectura, now Stantec,[17] with Kansas City-based HNTB Corporation (1994–96).[15] YVR is one of eight Canadian airports with United States border preclearance facilities, which are situated in the International Terminal. All gates in the International Terminal can accept flights arriving from all international and US origins: passengers are directed onto overhead walkways which lead to the customs and immigration area.

Concourse D[edit]

Concourse D is used by all international-bound and select US-bound flights from Vancouver. There are 15 gates: D50 to D55, D58, D59, D64 to D67, D70, D71, and D73. D59 is a bus gate for remote stands. All gates can handle wide-body aircraft; seven gates are fitted with 2 jet bridges, two of which can handle the Airbus A380. British Airways operates the A380 seasonally to Vancouver.

D50 to D52 are swing gates that can be used by domestic flights (designated C50 to C52). D67 through D73 are swing gates which may be partitioned off to allow for a higher number of United States border preclearance flights (designated E67 through E73).

Concourse E[edit]

Concourse E is the US border preclearance area and consists of 21 gates: E75 to E88 and E90 to E96. Gates E75 to E78 can accommodate smaller wide-body aircraft and are swing gates which can be used for international departures (as gates D75 to D78). Gate E85 is a bus gate for remote stands. Gate E95 accesses stands 95A and 95B.

The majority of US-bound flights operate from Concourse E; the only exceptions are flights from an international origin (Cathay Pacific's Hong Kong—Vancouver—New York and Philippine Airlines' Manila—Vancouver—New York flights), or flights that depart after 8:30 p.m. (e.g. Cathay Pacific's Vancouver—New York flight).

South Terminal[edit]

The South Terminal is a portion of the original pre-1968 terminal which is still in use. This includes the floatplane terminal. It also houses the corporate headquarters and main base of Pacific Coastal Airlines[18] and Harbour Air.[19]

The South Terminal serves regional airlines which fly mostly within British Columbia, in addition to helicopters and chartered flights.[20]

Awards[edit]

YVR has been awarded the Skytrax World Airport Awards Best Airport in North America a record eight years in a row. It is also currently ranked 13th worldwide.[21]

Architecture[edit]

YVR's interior has a uniquely British Columbian theme, featuring one of the most extensive collections of Pacific Northwest Coast Native art in the world, and blues and greens to reflect the colours of the land, sea and sky. This theme was put in place by Vancouver-based Architectura (now Stantec Architecture Ltd). The airport uses a great deal of carpet and vast expanses of glass to let in large amounts of natural light. One of the most noticeable places for an arriving passenger is the International arrivals hall, a large area where customs and immigration procedures are completed. Arriving passengers come down escalators leading to a platform across a large waterfall. The YVR aboriginal art collection includes wooden sculptures and totem poles. Bill Reid's sculpture in bronze, "The Spirit of Haida Gwaii, The Jade Canoe", is displayed in the international departures area. This is the second of two castings of this sculpture; the first casting, "The Spirit of Haida Gwaii, The Black Canoe", is now displayed outside the Canadian Embassy in Washington D.C.[22] The Institute for Stained Glass in Canada has documented the stained glass at Vancouver International Airport.[23]

Vancouver Airport Aquarium

Accessibility[edit]

Vancouver International Airport is well regarded as one of the most accessible airports in the world. In 2004, the Vancouver International Airport was awarded of the Rick Hansen Accessibility Award, which recognizes "facilities and communities that improve the quality of life for people with mobility limitations".[24] The Vancouver International Airport has exceeded national building code requirements with respect to access for people with disabilities, which Hansen has said "benefits not only people in wheelchairs, but the elderly, the blind, parents pushing strollers and everyone else with mobility problems".[24]

Since 1992, the Vancouver Airport Authority has been working with an independent accessibility consultant to eliminate the physical barriers in the built environment and is "committed to providing fully accessible terminal facilities for people of all backgrounds and capabilities".[25] With 80% of the vacationing traveling public over the age of 55, and with more than 550 million people worldwide that have a disability, the Vancouver International Airport's commitment to meaningful access is a fundamental part of good customer service.[26]

Designated short-term parking spaces and curb-side ramps are available on each level of the terminal building for vehicles displaying a valid SPARC permit, and are located next to main doors near check-in counters and baggage claim areas for easier access. Lowered counters with toe clearance for wheelchair users are also available at check-in, customer care and all retail outlets in the Vancouver Airport. Bathrooms have also been designed to be wheelchair accessible with doorless and no-touch entry features, lowered sinks and handsfree bathroom dispensers. Grab bars and emergency call buttons are also present in all wheelchair accessible toilet stalls.[27]

Low resistance carpeting and other materials such as laminate flooring have been utilized throughout the airport to make it easier for people using wheelchairs and walkers to move throughout the airport. Elevators are large and allow for easy turning in a wheelchair and special wheelchairs designed to fit down aircraft aisles are utilized to assist with boarding and de-planing. Wheelchair lifts have been installed at aircraft gates to provide disabled passengers with their own wheelchairs as quickly as possible after an aircraft lands in Vancouver.[25]

Features that have been implemented throughout the airport to aid those with hearing loss include a public address system to reduce noise pollution for those with hearing aids. The Vancouver International Airport has installed more individual speakers in a given space than is standard, which allows the volume of the speakers to be turned down and provides a better quality of sound. At check-in counters, amplified handsets are available to aid those with hearing aids, and all telephones throughout the airport have adjustable volume controls. "Visual pagers" are dedicated video monitors that are located throughout the airport and convey important information to travellers that have hearing impairments. In the event of an emergency, a video override system displays large bold messages on all entertainment systems, and provides information about the type of emergency and the required course of action from the public. Strobe fire alarms have also been installed throughout the airport and have been carefully programmed to prevent seizures to those with epilepsy.[27] The Vancouver Airport has its own TTY telephone number for incoming inquiries about airport operations and within the terminal there are also 23 public telephone equipped with TTY at both stand up and seated positions.[27]

Vancouver International Airport also has numerous features that have been implemented to assist visually impaired travellers. Three types of flooring are utilized throughout the terminal and function as a texturized guide to assist travellers in identifying their location within the airport. In areas with tile or terrazzo, patterns in the tile help to identify exits. Areas that have carpet help to identify that a gate is close by and areas with laminate flooring indicate retail spaces.[25] Tactile maps are also available at customer service counters throughout the airport, and braille and tactile lettering are used throughout the airport to indicate building features such as washrooms.[27]

Green Coat Ambassadors[edit]

Vancouver Airport Authority was one of the first airports in North America to institute a volunteer program in 1989.[28] Volunteers in green vest/jacket are deployed around the airport to provide information, customer service and be the 'eyes and ears' for the various partners in the airport community between the hours of 6 am to 10 pm everyday.[29] Volunteers are given basic training in airport operations and undertake many of the similar trainings mandated to airport employees. Each volunteer is required to obtain Transportation Security Clearance and Restricted Area Identification Card for the purposes of accessing the restricted and sterile areas of the terminal.

YVR Sustainability[edit]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A map of all countries served as destinations of Vancouver International Airport (YVR), including future and seasonal destinations.
A British Airways Airbus A380 landing on the north runway
Cathay Pacific Cargo Boeing 747-400 taking off on a snowy day.
A Korean Air Boeing 777-200ER bound to Seoul–Incheon being serviced.

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Aeroméxico Mexico City
Air Canada Beijing–Capital, Brisbane, Calgary, Chicago–O'Hare, Edmonton, Hong Kong, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Melbourne (resumes June 1, 2018),[30] Montréal–Trudeau, Newark, Ottawa, Puerto Vallarta, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Anchorage, Boston, Delhi, Frankfurt, Kelowna, Melbourne (begins December 1, 2017; ends February 4, 2018),[31] Paris–Charles de Gaulle (begins June 8, 2018),[30]San Jose Del Cabo, Zürich (begins June 7, 2018)[30]
Air Canada Express Calgary, Castlegar, Comox, Cranbrook, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Edmonton, Fort St. John, Kamloops, Kelowna, Nanaimo, Penticton, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Prince George, Prince Rupert, Regina, San Diego, Sandspit, San Jose (CA), Saskatoon, Seattle/Tacoma, Smithers, Terrace/Kitimat, Victoria, Whitehorse, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Yellowknife (begins December 15, 2017)[32]
Air Canada Rouge Honolulu, Kahului, Las Vegas, Mexico City
Seasonal: Cancún, Dublin, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kailua–Kona, Nagoya–Centrair, Orlando (begins December 20, 2017),[31] Osaka–Kansai, Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Air China Beijing–Capital
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air New Zealand Auckland
Air North Kelowna, Whitehorse
Seasonal: Bella Bella, Masset
Charter: Reno/Tahoe
Air Transat Cancún, London–Gatwick, Montréal–Trudeau, Puerto Vallarta
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Glasgow, Huatulco, Manchester (UK), Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Punta Cana, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, Toronto–Pearson, Varadero
Air Transat
operated by Flair Airlines
Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air
Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma
Alaska Airlines
operated by SkyWest Airlines
Seasonal: Seattle/Tacoma
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
American Eagle Los Angeles
Beijing Capital Airlines Hangzhou, Qingdao
British Airways London–Heathrow
Canadian North Charter: Calgary, Comox, Fort MacKay/Albian, Fort McMurray, Yellowknife
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong, New York–JFK
Central Mountain Air Campbell River, Kamloops, Prince George, Quesnel, Williams Lake
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Kunming, Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Mexico City1
Condor Seasonal: Frankfurt
Corilair Campbell River
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St Paul, New York–JFK, Salt Lake City
Delta Connection Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Edelweiss Air Seasonal: Zürich
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
Flair Airlines Edmonton, Kelowna, Toronto-Pearson (all begin December 15, 2017)[33]
Harbour Air Bedwell Harbour, Ganges Harbour, Miners Bay, Victoria Airport, Victoria Harbour, Nanaimo
HeliJet Nanaimo Harbour, Victoria Harbour, Vancouver Harbour
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong[34]
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík[35]
Interjet Cancún, Mexico City (both begins October 26, 2017)[36]
Island Express Air Abbotsford, Nanaimo, Victoria
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Seasonal: Munich
North Cariboo Air Charter: Calgary, Edmonton, Fort St. John, Kelowna, Masset, Nanaimo, Port Hardy, Sandspit, Victoria, Williams Lake
Northern Thunderbird Air Charter: Mackenzie, Prince George, Prince Rupert, Smithers
Orca Airways Qualicum Beach, Tofino, Victoria
Pacific Coastal Airlines Anahim Lake, Bella Coola, Campbell River, Comox, Cranbrook, Masset, Port Hardy, Powell River, Trail, Victoria, Williams Lake
Philippine Airlines2 Manila, New York–JFK
Qantas Seasonal: Sydney
R1 Airlines Charter: Bella Bella, Calgary, Sandspit
Salt Spring Air
operated by Harbour Air
Ganges Harbour, Victoria
San Juan Airlines Anacortes, Bellingham, Friday Harbor, Seattle–Boeing
Seair Seaplanes Bedwell Harbour, Ganges Harbour, Miners Bay, Nanaimo, Port Washington
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Shenyang, Zhengzhou
Sunwing Airlines Cancún, Puerto Vallarta, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, Varadero
Seasonal: Huatulco, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mazatlán, Montego Bay, Punta Cana, Toronto–Pearson
Tofino Air Charter: Tofino
Tofino Air
operated by Sunshine Coast Air[37]
Charter: Nanaimo Harbour, Sechelt
Tofino Air
operated by Gulf Island Seaplanes[38]
Gabriola Island (Silva Bay)
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, San Francisco
Seasonal: Newark, Washington–Dulles
United Express Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco
West Coast Air
operated by Harbour Air
Nanaimo, Sechelt, Victoria Harbour
WestJet Calgary, Cancún, Edmonton, Honolulu, Kahului, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Montréal–Trudeau, Orange County, Palm Springs, Regina, San José del Cabo, Saskatoon, Toronto–Pearson, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Halifax, Hamilton (ON), Huatulco (begins October 29, 2017), Kailua–Kona, Kelowna, Lihue, London (ON), London–Gatwick, Mazatlán, Orlando, Ottawa, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Prince George, Puerto Vallarta, San Diego, San Francisco, Whitehorse
WestJet Encore Calgary, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Fort St. John, Kelowna, Prince George, Terrace/Kitimat, Victoria
Whistler Air
operated by Harbour Air
Charter: Whistler/Green Lake
XiamenAir Xiamen
Notes
  • ^1 China Southern flights between Vancouver and Mexico City are only bookable as international online connecting or stopover traffic only.
  • ^2 Only one Philippine Airlines flight (PR118 respectively) flies from Vancouver to Toronto. However, Philippine Airlines does not have eighth freedom rights to transport passengers solely between Vancouver and Toronto, and thus only carries passengers traveling between Vancouver and Manila on those flights.

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Ameriflight Ketchikan, Portland (OR), Seattle–Boeing
Carson Air[39] Calgary, Kamloops, Kelowna
China Southern Cargo Los Angeles, Shanghai–Pudong
DHL Aviation
operated by ABX Air
Calgary, Cincinnati, Seattle–Boeing, Seattle/Tacoma
DHL Aviation
operated by Airpac Airlines
Seattle–Boeing, Seattle/Tacoma
FedEx Express Memphis
FedEx Feeder
operated by Empire Airlines
Oakland, Spokane
FedEx Feeder
operated by Morningstar Air Express
Calgary, Edmonton, Toronto–Pearson, Victoria, Winnipeg
Orca Airways Kamloops, Kelowna, Nanaimo, Victoria
KF Cargo Calgary, Kamloops, Kelowna, Prince George, Victoria, Winnipeg
Korean Air Cargo Guadalajara, Seoul–Incheon
Purolator Courier
operated by Cargojet Airways
Calgary, Edmonton, Hamilton, Montreal–Mirabel, Victoria, Winnipeg
SkyLink Express Kamloops, Kelowna, Nanaimo, Prince George, Seattle–Boeing, Victoria
UPS Airlines Louisville, Seattle–Boeing

Statistics[edit]

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at YVR, 1992 through 2016[40]
Year Passengers  % Change Year Passengers  % Change Year Passengers  % Change
1992 9,935,285 Steady 2002 14,877,536 Decrease-3.8% 2012 17,596,901 Increase3.3%
1993 10,235,015 Increase3.2% 2003 14,321,504 Decrease-3.7% 2013 17,971,883 Increase2.1%
1994 10,830,796 Increase5.8% 2004 15,725,694 Increase9.8% 2014 19,358,203 Increase7.7%
1995 12,006,973 Increase10.8% 2005 16,418,883 Increase4.4% 2015 20,315,978 Increase4.9%
1996 14,037,174 Increase16.9% 2006 16,922,226 Increase3.0% 2016 22,288,552 Increase9.7%
1997 14,818,564 Increase5.5% 2007 17,495,049 Increase3.3%
1998 15,508,109 Increase4.6% 2008 17,852,459 Increase2.0%
1999 15,806,499 Increase1.9% 2009 16,179,312 Decrease-9.3%
2000 16,032,531 Increase1.4% 2010 16,778,774 Increase3.7%
2001 15,476,762 Decrease-3.4% 2011 17,032,780 Increase1.5%

Cost[edit]

In May 2005, the federal government, which owns the airport land, announced it was cutting rent costs by 54%. The rent reductions will cut the cost of the lease by approximately $840 million CAD between 2006–2020, or $5.0 billion over the term of the lease, which ends in 2052. Currently, the airport authority pays about $80 million each year in rent.

Passengers traveling through YVR are no longer required to pay a separate airport improvement fee; it is now included in the ticket price.

Ground transportation[edit]

Rapid transit (SkyTrain)[edit]

Construction of the Skytrain Canada Line .

The airport has its own station on the SkyTrain network called YVR-Airport, the terminus of the Sea Island branch of the Canada Line, to which the airport contributed $300 million towards construction. A pedestrian footbridge ($117 million, completed in 2007) links the international terminal with the domestic terminal and serves as the arrival and departure area for users of the Canada Line.[41] The Canada Line itself opened in August 2009 as the third line of Vancouver's rapid transit network, in advance of the 2010 Winter Olympics which took place the following February.[42] It was the only airport rail link service of any kind in Canada until the opening of Toronto's Union Pearson Express in 2015.

Bus[edit]

When Canada Line service is interrupted, such as overnight or other service disruptions, the N10 night bus operated by Coast Mountain Bus Company (under contract to TransLink) connects the airport's international and domestic terminals to Richmond and downtown Vancouver. The airport's south terminal is served by the C92 bus, which connects to the Canada Line at Bridgeport Station.[43]

Expansion[edit]

South runway at YVR in 2017 showing the lengthened runway

YVR completed a $1.4-billion multi-year capital development plan, which included a four-gate expansion to the International Terminal Wing, completed in June 2007. Two of the four new gates are conventional wide-bodied gates and two are able to accommodate the Airbus A380. The international terminal addition includes interior design elements intended to represent British Columbia, including a stream in a pathway and fish and jellyfish tanks.

A five-gate and food and retail expansion was completed in 2009 for Domestic Terminal's C-Pier. The train that links downtown Vancouver, YVR and Richmond opened in August 2009.

Vancouver International Airport Authority has developed a 2017-2037 Master Plan, called Flight Plan 2037 which includes 75 projects at a projected cost of $5.6 billion. The plan allows for the airport to serve 35 million passengers by 2037. The plan calls for expansion of facilities centered around the one existing large terminal. New piers and gates will be added, as well as a second parking garage, taxiways, improved vehicle access. A new runway may also be constructed. Additional gates at the international terminal are expected to be added in the first phase with completion in 2021. Final approval of the plan by the Ministry of Transport is needed.[44]

Operation Yellow Ribbon[edit]

As a result of the September 11 Attacks, the airspace over the United States was shut down. Aircraft over the North Atlantic and Pacific bound for the United States were therefore diverted to Canadian airports. Being the only major airport in Western Canada with the ability to receive large-body planes, Vancouver International Airport accommodated 34 of these flights (3rd highest after Halifax and Gander) amounting to a total of 8,500 passengers.

The airport won the 2001 Airport Management Award from the B.C. Aviation Council[45] and was cited for overcoming many challenges in a professional and compassionate way.[46]

Vancouver International Airport Authority[edit]

YVR is managed by Vancouver International Airport Authority, created in 1992 to take over day-to-day management of the airport from Transport Canada.[47] VIAA has a staff of 400.[47]

The VIAA is headed by the CEO and President Craig Richmond.

Past CEO and Presidents includes:

Fixed-based operators[edit]

There are several fixed-base operators (FBOs) that service aircraft at Vancouver International Airport:

Other facilities[edit]

At one time Pacific Western Airlines had its corporate headquarters at the airport.[48]

Fire and policing[edit]

Vancouver International Airport Emergency Services Team is the primary fire services at the airport. The airport fire station and tenders (4) are owned by the Vancouver Airport Authority. Richmond Fire has additional resources when required from Fire Hall 1 at 6960 Gilbert Road, as well as the Canadian Coast Guard.

Policing at the airport is provided by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Airport Detachment.

Catering kitchens[edit]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

YVR ATC Tower
  • On February 7, 1968, a Canadian Pacific Airlines Boeing 707 overran a runway and hit a building, while landing in heavy fog, killing one crew member.
  • On March 1, 1970, Vickers Viscount CF-THY of Air Canada collided in mid-air with Ercoupe 415 CF-SHN on approach to Vancouver International Airport. The Ercoupe pilot was killed.[49]
  • On August 19, 1995, Douglas C-47B (DC-3) C-GZOF of Air North crashed during an emergency return to the airport killing one of the three crew. The aircraft was on a ferry flight to Prince Rupert Airport when the starboard propellor went into overspeed and the decision was made to return to Vancouver International.[50]
  • On October 19, 1995, a Canadian Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10 aborted takeoff on runway 26 (now 26L) two seconds after the V1 call. The aircraft ended up in the soft ground west of the end of runway, causing the failure of the nose gear. All 243 passengers and 14 crew escaped with no more than minor injuries.[51]
  • On September 11, 2001, an Air China 747 from Beijing to San Francisco, was escorted by two U.S. F-15s onto the airport's north runway during Operation Yellow Ribbon, apparently due to a communication problem.
  • On October 14, 2007, a Polish immigrant, Robert Dziekanski, died after being shot with a taser by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police at the airport. Dziekański, who did not speak English, became agitated after waiting approximately 10 hours at the arrivals hall because he could not find his mother. While police were attempting to take Dziekanski into custody he was tased by officers and subsequently died. The subsequent Braidwood Inquiry began in May 2008. In June 2010, the judge found that the use of the Taser was not justified. The RCMP issued an apology to Dziekanski's mother. The commission also found that Tasers have the capability to injure or kill by causing heart irregularities, especially where the individual is medically or emotionally compromised.[52]
  • On October 19, 2007, at approximately 4:10 pm, a Piper Seneca bound for Pitt Meadows Airport took off from YVR and crashed into a nearby apartment building in Richmond. The pilot was the sole occupant of the plane. He was killed in the crash. Two others were injured, both of whom were in the apartment building at the time.
  • On December 10, 2007 Sikh protesters paralyzed the airport caused by the deportation of illegal paralyzed refugee Laibar Singh.[53]
  • On September 18, 2008, in the afternoon, an Air Canada Airbus A340 collided with an Air Canada Jazz Dash 8 aircraft. The Jazz flight was taxiing on the runway when it collided. The Air Canada flight was bound for Hong Kong. Both aircraft received damage but there were no injuries or fatalities.
  • On July 9, 2009, at approximately 10:08pm, a Piper Navajo airplane originating from Victoria crashed into an industrial area in Richmond, British Columbia. The two pilots were killed. It was owned and operated by Canadian Air Charters and was carrying units of blood for Canadian Blood Services at the time. Officials say that wake turbulence was the main cause of the crash. Fatigue, along with diminished depth perception in darkness, was also a factor.[54]
  • On October 27, 2011, at around 4:15pm, a Northern Thunderbird Air Beechcraft King Air 100 attempted to land on the south runway but missed by about 900 metres (3,000 ft), hitting a lamppost and car, then crashing on nearby Russ Baker Way and Gilbert Road at the west end of Dinsmore Bridge. There were seven passengers and two crew members on board; only the pilot was confirmed dead at 9:00 pm that evening, while the others survived with various injuries. Two on the ground were also injured.[55] November 16, 2011, the co-pilot of the flight died as well.[56]

Nearby major airports[edit]

Blank map.svg
Map pointer black.svgYVR
Red Dot.svgSEA (205 km (127 mi))
Dot-yellow.svgPDX (403 km (250 mi))
Dot-yellow.svgYYC (688 km (428 mi))
Small-city-symbol.svgYEG (811 km (504 mi))
Small-city-symbol.svgYYJ (63 km (39 mi))
Small-city-symbol.svgYLW (288 km (179 mi))
Small-city-symbol.svgYXS (523 km (325 mi))

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "YVR Traffic Update (December 2016)". yvr.ca. Vancouver International Airport. Retrieved January 30, 2017. 
  2. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 27 April 2017 to 0901Z 22 June 2017
  3. ^ "Synoptic/Metstat Station Information". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on June 28, 2013. 
  4. ^ "YVR Breaks Record with Historic Skytrax Win". Retrieved August 19, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b YVR Media Relations (April 10, 2013). "Vancouver International Airport named Best Airport in North America". Yvr.ca. Retrieved May 16, 2013. 
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