1985 Borobudur bombing

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1985 Borobudur bombing
Kompas-22 January 1985-sample.jpg
Footage from KOMPAS January 22, 1985.[1]
Magelang (Java)
Magelang (Indonesia)
LocationBorobudur Temple, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia
DateJanuary 21, 1985 (1985-01-21) [1] (UTC + 7)
TargetBorobudur Temple
Attack type
Bombing, Propaganda by deeds
PerpetratorsMohammad Jawad alias "Ibrahim" alias "Kresna" (planner)
Abdulkadir Ali Alhabsyi (perpetrator)
Husein Ali Al Habsyi (perpetrator) [2]

The 1985 Borobudur bombing occurred on 21 January 1985 when nine bombs detonated at the Borobudur Buddhist temple located in Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. There were no human casualties in this attack, however nine stupas on upper rounded terraces of Arupadhatu were badly damaged by the bombs.[3][4]


In 1991, a blind Muslim preacher, Husein Ali Al Habsyi, was sentenced to life imprisonment for masterminding a series of bombings in the mid-1980s including the temple attack.[5] It is believed that the attack was Indonesian Islamist retaliation on Tanjung Priok massacre in 1984. During trial, Habsyi refused to be held responsible on the attack and mentioned Mohammad Jawad, a mysterious figure, as the true mastermind. Mohammad Jawad remains unknown. On 23 March 1999 Habsyi was pardoned and released by the President B. J. Habibie administration.[4] Two other members of a right-wing extremist group that carried out the bombings were each sentenced to 20 years in 1986 and another man received a 13-year prison term.


  1. ^ a b "Semblin Stupa Borobudur Diledakkan Senin Dini Hari" [Nine Borobudur Stupa Exploded Early Monday]. Kompas. 1985-01-22.
  2. ^ "Borobudur Bombing, 16 Years Later" - Tempo Online, May 17, 1999. Accessed May 11, 2010.
  3. ^ "1,100-Year-Old Buddhist Temple Wrecked By Bombs in Indonesia". The Miami Herald. 22 January 1985. Retrieved 17 August 2008.
  4. ^ a b "Teror Bom di Indonesia (Beberapa di Luar Negeri) dari Waktu ke Waktu" (in Indonesian). Tempo Interaktif.com. 17 April 2004. Archived from the original on 17 September 2011. Retrieved 22 Jul 2016.
  5. ^ Crouch, Harold (2002). "The Key Determinants of Indonesia's Political Future" (PDF). Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 7. ISSN 0219-3213.